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States and Capitals of India 2022, Union Territories, Governors and CM

States and Capitals

States and Capitals: India is the 7th largest and the 2nd most populous country in the world. With a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories, it forms a union of states in India. Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some state all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950.

States and Capitals of India

India is a union of states and in the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive. The system of state government closely resembles that of the Union. The boundaries of Indian states are reorganized on a linguistic basis by the States Reorganization Act, 1956. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. Each State/UT of India has its unique demography, history and culture, language, dress, festivals, etc. This article will answer all your questions and clear all your doubts related to the states and capitals of India.

Largest State in India – Check complete States list based on Area and population

How Many States are there in India ?

As of July 2022, there are total 28 states in India and 8 Union Territories. Union Territories are administered by the President through the administrators that are appointed. Hon’ble President of India is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. Each state has its own chief ministers formulating the policies required to run the state.

States and Capitals of India 2022, Union Territories, Governors and CM_50.1

What is a State?

Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some states all three functions are conducted in one capital. It is a territory that has its own Chief Minister. A state has its own separate government. Functions of the state are handled by the State Government such as security, healthcare, governance, revenue generation, etc.

List of States and Capitals of India

Here is the list of the Indian States and their capitals that every Indian must know:

S.no States Name Capital Founded on
1 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati) 1 Nov. 1956
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 20 Feb. 1987
3 Assam Dispur 26 Jan. 1950
4 Bihar Patna 26 Jan. 1950
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur 1 Nov. 2000
6 Goa Panaji 30 May. 1987
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar 1 May. 1960
8 Haryana Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla 25 Jan. 1971
10 Jharkhand Ranchi 15 Nov. 2000
11 Karnataka Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore) 1 Nov. 1956
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 1 Nov. 1956
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 1 Nov. 1956
14 Maharashtra Mumbai 1 May. 1960
15 Manipur Imphal 21 Jan. 1972
16 Meghalaya Shillong 21 Jan. 1972
17 Mizoram Aizawl 20 Feb. 1987
18 Nagaland Kohima 1 Dec. 1963
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar 26 Jan. 1950
20 Punjab Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1956
21 Rajasthan Jaipur 1 Nov. 1956
22 Sikkim Gangtok 16 May. 1975
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai 26 Jan. 1950
24 Telangana Hyderabad 2 Jun. 2014
25 Tripura Agartala 21 Jan. 1972
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 26 Jan. 1950
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun (Winter)
Gairsain (Summer)
9 Nov. 2000
28 West Bengal Kolkata 1 Nov. 1956

What is a Union Territory?

A Union Territory is an administrative division that is directly controlled by the Central Government.  Union Territories are ruled directly by the Central Government and have a Lieutenant Governor as an administrator, who is the representative of the President of India and is appointed by the Central government.

Note: Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu & Kashmir do not operate in the same manner as the other five Union Territories of India since they have partial statehood status and have their own elected legislative assemblies.

How many Union Territories are there in India?

There are a total of 8 Union territories in India. Here is the list of Union Territories of India and their capitals:

Union territories Capital Founded on
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair 1 Nov. 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966
Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman 26 Jan. 2020
Delhi New Delhi 9 May. 1905
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 1 Nov. 1956
Puducherry Pondicherry 1 Nov. 1954
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
31 Oct 2019
Ladakh Leh 31 Oct 2019

Difference Between State and Union Territories

State Union Territories
 The state has its own administrative units with its own elected government. Union Territories are constituent units that are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
The executive Head is the Governor The executive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal. Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of the Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people. Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu & Kashmir)
Chief Minister is the real head. The Lieutenant is the real head.

History of States and Capitals of India

India is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic country with a parliamentary system of government. India gained its independence on 15th August 1947. It is a land of rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. The states and Capitals of India are the basis of its linguistic, cultural, and geographical demarcation. Every state and union territory in India has an administrative, legislative, and judicial capital of its own. After independence, it comprised 2 political units namely the British Provinces and the Princely States. The partition between India and Pakistan gave three options to the princely states:

  1. Joining India
  2. Joining Pakistan
  3. Remaining independent

Out of the 552 princely states situated within India, 549 joined India and the remaining 3 refused to join India. However, they also integrated later. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and it was implemented on 26 January 1950. The boundaries of the states of India are reorganized on a linguistic basis by the States Reorganization Act, 1956.

States and Capitals of India: UT Updates

Check out the recent updates on UTs as of July 2020.

  1. Since 26th January 2020, India has had 8 union territories. The U.T Daman and Diu, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli have become a single union territory.

  2. On August 5, the central government also announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
  3. With the merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of UUTshave come down to eight.

States and Capitals of India: Articles in the Constitution

Articles 1 to 4 under Part 1 of the constitution describe India and its territories.

  • Article 1 describes India as the “Union of States” and not the “Federation of states” The names of states and their territories are mentioned in the first schedule of the constitution.
  • Article 2 permits the parliament to ‘admit into the Union of India or establish new states on such terms as it thinks fit.’ Hence, it gives power to parliament to establish new states.
  • Article 3 authorizes the parliament to-
    a) form a new state by separation of territory
    b) increase the area of the state
    c) diminish the area of any state
    d) alter the boundary of any state
    e) alter the name of any state

List of the Indian States and their CMs and Governors

S.No. State CM Governor
1 Andhra Pradesh YS Jagan Mohan Reddy Biswa Bhusan Harichandan
2 Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu B. D. Mishra
3 Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma Jagdish Mukhi
4 Bihar Nitish Kumar Phagu Chauhan
5 Chhattisgarh Bhupesh Baghel  Anusuiya Uikey
6 Goa Pramod Sawant P. S. Sreedharan Pillai
7 Gujarat Vijaybhai R. Rupani Acharya Dev Vrat
8 Haryana Manohar Lal Bandaru Dattatreya
9 Himachal Pradesh Jairam Thakur Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar
10 Jharkhand Hemant Soren Ramesh Bais
11 Karnataka Basavaraj Bommai Thawarchand Gehlot
12 Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan Arif Mohammed Khan
13 Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan Mangubhai C. Patel
14 Maharashtra Eknath Shinde Bhagat Singh Koshyari
15 Manipur N. Biren Singh La Ganesan
16 Meghalaya Conrad Kongkal Sangma Satya Pal Malik
17 Mizoram Pu Zoramthanga Kambhampati Hari Babu (Designate)
18 Nagaland Neiphiu Rio Jagdish Mukhi
19 Odisha Naveen Patnaik Ganeshi Lal
20 Punjab Bhagwant Singh Mann Banwarilal Purohit
21 Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot Kalraj Mishra
22 Sikkim P.S. Golay Ganga Prasad
23 Tamil Nadu M. K. Stalin R. N. Ravi
24 Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao Tamilisai Soundararajan
25 Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb Satyadev Narayan Arya
26 Uttar Pradesh Yogi Aditya Nath Anandiben Patel
27 Uttarakhand Pushkar Singh Dhami Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh
28 West Bengal Mamata Banerjee Jagdeep Dhankhar

List of Union Territory with their Governors

Union Territory

Governor

Andaman & Nicobar

D. K. Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)

Chandigarh

Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)

Delhi (National capital Territory of Delhi)

Shri Anil Baijal (Lieutenant Governor)

Chief Minister: Arvind Kejriwal

Jammu and Kashmir

Shri Manoj Sinha (Lieutenant Governor)

Lakshadweep

Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)

Puducherry

Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan (Addl. Charge) (Lieutenant Governor)

Chief Minister: N. Rangaswamy

Ladakh

Shri Radha Krishna Mathur (Lieutenant Governor)

Check the information on States and Capitals in Telugu

List of the Indian States and their Languages

Sl.No. States Language
1 Andhra Pradesh Telugu and Urdu
2 Arunachal Pradesh Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin, Adi, Honpa, Banging-Nishi
3 Assam Assamese
4 Bihar Hindi
5 Chattisgarh Hindi
6 Goa Marathi Konkani
7 Gujarat Gujarati
8 Haryana Hindi
9 Himachal Pradesh Hindi and Pahari
10 Mizoram Mizo and English
11 Jharkhand Hindi
12 Karnataka Kannada
13 Kerala Malayalam
14 Madhya Pradesh Hindi
15 Maharashtra Marathi
16 Manipur Manipuri
17 Meghalaya Khashi, Jaintia, And Garo
18 Nagaland Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema, and Lotha
19 Odisha Oriya
20 Punjab Punjabi
21 Rajasthan Rajasthani and Hindi
22 Sikkim Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu
23 Tamil Nadu Tamil
24 Tripura Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak
25 Telangana Telugu
26 Uttar Pradesh Hindi
27 Uttrakhand Hindi
28 West Bengal Bengali

So, This was the full information regarding The states and Capitals of India in 2022.

States and Capitals of India

Here at SSCADDA we bring latest updates for you at the earliest. To know more about state and capitals of India, candidates should bookmark this page. To read this article in Hindi please click on the link provided below.

States and Capitals of India in Hindi 

States and Capitals: FAQ

Q1. How many states are there in India in 2022?
Ans. There are 28 states in India in 2022.

Q2. How many union territories are there in India?
Ans. There are 8 Union Territories in India.

Q3. Which State a has common border with the maximum number of States?
Ans. Uttar Pradesh State has common borders with the maximum number of States.

Q4. Which is the largest State in India?
Ans. Rajasthan is the largest State (area-wise) in India

Q5. Which state in India occupies the same ranking position in respect of area and population?
Ans. Meghalaya state in India occupies the same ranking position in respect of area and population.

Q6. Who is the head of Union Territory?
Ans. Lieutenant Governor is the head of the Union Territory.

Q7. Which Union territories were merged in January 2020?
Ans. Daman and Diu are merged with Dadar and Nagar Haveli.

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