Largest State of India
India is the 7th largest country in the world in terms of area and the 2nd most populous country in the world (after China). There are 28 states and 8 Union Territories. It covers an area of 32,87,263 sq. km (1,269,346 sq mi), extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. The biggest state in India based on Area and population, this article will provide you the complete details. As per the Census of India 2011, the population of India stands at 1,210,193,422 (623.7 million males and 586.4 million females).
The average annual exponential growth rate stands at 1.64 percent from 2001 to 2011. The first census in India was conducted during the British rule in 1872 since 1947 and is conducted once every 10 years with the first census post Independence conducted in 1951. We are providing the complete state list of the largest states in India according to area and population.
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The top 5 states of India share 43.24% of the land, whereas the top 10 share 68.85% of the total land. Among the union territories, Jammu & Kashmir (125,535) ranks first whereas Lakshadweep with an area of 32.62 square km occupies the lowest rank. Check out the complete list below and the largest state of India by area:
Largest State in India
Out of the 28 states that are in India, the largest state of India area-wise is Rajasthan with an area of 342,239 Km2. followed by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. As per Census 2011, the total population of Rajasthan is 68548437. The complete list for all the states of India in terms of the area has been provided below as per the data available from Census 2011.
Here we have covered some interesting facts about the state of Rajasthan:
- Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan.
- Rajasthan is situated to the west of India on the border with Pakistan.
- The total population of Rajasthan is 68,548,437 (as per the Census 2011)
- The literacy rate of Rajasthan is 66.11 %.
- The number of districts in Rajasthan is 33.
- The Lok Sabha seats from the state of Rajasthan is 25.
- India’s popular Thar desert is located in this state.
- Jaisalmer is located in the heart of the Thar desert.
- Major crops grown in Rajasthan are barley, mustard, pearl millet, coriander, fenugreek and guar.
|S. No.||State Name||Area (km2)|
|1||Rajasthan (The largest state in India by area)||342,239|
The largest and smallest state in India: Rajasthan the Largest State & Goa is The Smallest State.
Largest Union Territories in India Area wise
Apart from states, India also has 8 Union Territories as of July 2020. The recently formed Jammu & Kashmir is the largest union territory in the country with an area of 125,535 sq. km. On the contrary, Lakshadweep is the smallest union territory with an area of a mere 32.62 sq. km.
|S. No.||Union Territory Name||Area (km2)|
|1||Jammu and Kashmir||125,535|
|3||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||8,249|
|5||Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu||603|
Largest State of India by Population
According to the 2011 Census, the largest state of India by Population is Uttar Pradesh with 199,812,341. On the other hand, Sikkim is the least populous state in India. Uttar Pradesh has a population that is more than that of Brazil. The list of states in terms of population is given below:
|S. No.||State Name||Population (As per Census 2011)|
|1||Uttar Pradesh (the largest state in India by population)||199,812,341|
Note: In 2011, Telangana didn’t have a separate statehood and was part of Andhra Pradesh.
Largest Union Territories in India by Population
National Capital Delhi is the most populous UT with a population of over 1.6 crores. Lakshadweep is the least populous UT with a population of 64,473.
|S. No.||Union Territory||Population (as per 2011 Census)|
|2||Jammu and Kashmir + Ladakh||1,25,41,302|
|5||Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu||5,86,956|
|6||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||3,80,581|
Largest State of India: FAQ
Q1. Which is the largest state in India by population?
Ans: In terms of Population, Uttar Pradesh is the largest state in India. The total population of Uttar Pradesh is 199,812,341.
Q2. Which is the largest state of India by area?
Ans: Rajasthan is the largest state in India by area. It covers an area of 342,239 km.
Q3. Which is the least populous state of India?
Ans: Sikkim is the least populous state in India. The total population of Sikkim is 610,577.
Q4. Which is the largest Union Territory of India in terms of area-wise?
Ans: Jammu & Kashmir, the newly constituted union territory is the largest UT in India which covers 125,535 km.
Q5. Which is the smallest state of India in terms of area?
Ans: Goa is the smallest state of India with 3,702 km.
Q6. Which is the largest Union Territory of India in terms of population?
Ans: Delhi’s most populous Union Territory with a population of over 1.6 crores.
Q7. Which is the smallest Union Territory of India in terms of population?
Ans: Lakshadweep is the least populous UT with a population of 64,473.
Q8. Which is the smallest Union Territory of India in terms of area?
Ans: Lakshadweep is a smaller union territory with an area of a mere 32.62 sq. km.
Q9. Where is the Thar Desert located?
Ans: The Thar Desert is located in Rajasthan.