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Largest State of India, in Terms of Area and Population

Largest State of India

Largest State of India: India is one of the largest countries in the world, comes at 7th in terms of area and 2nd most populous country after China as per census 2011 reports. But according to the recent reports, India has become the most populous country in the world after beating China. This has happened due to the deaths during the pandemic, otherwise it was speculated that India will take over China in 2030. There are 28 states and 8 Union Territories in India after all the changes in states including removal of article 370. As per the 2011 Census of India, the population of India stands at 1,210,193,422 (623.7 million males and 586.4 million females). The 2021 census got delayed due to the pandemic, but kept on hold till October 2023. The largest state of India in terms of population is Uttar Pradesh followed by Maharashtra and Bihar and in terms of area is Rajasthan followed by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Read the article till the end to know everything about the largest and smallest states and Union Territories of India.

The average annual exponential growth rate stands at 1.64 percent from 2001 to 2011. The first census in India was conducted during the British rule in 1872 since 1947 and is conducted once every 10 years with the first census post Independence conducted in 1951. We are providing the complete state list of the largest states in India according to area and population.

Important Days and Dates

The top 5 states of India share 43.24% of the land, whereas the top 10 share 68.85% of the total land. Among the union territories, Jammu & Kashmir (125,535) ranks first whereas Lakshadweep with an area of 32.62 square km occupies the lowest rank. Check out the complete list below and the largest state of India by area:

Largest State in India

Out of the 28 states that are in India, the largest state of India area-wise is Rajasthan with an area of 342,239 Km2. followed by Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. As per Census 2011, the total population of Rajasthan is 68548437. The complete list for all the states of India in terms of the area has been provided below as per the data available from Census 2011.

Here we have covered some interesting facts about the state of Rajasthan:-

  • Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan.
  • Rajasthan is situated to the west of India on the border with Pakistan.
  • The total population of Rajasthan is 68,548,437 (as per the Census 2011)
  • The literacy rate of Rajasthan is 66.11 %.
  • The number of districts in Rajasthan is 33.
  • The Lok Sabha seats from the state of Rajasthan is 25.
  • India’s popular Thar desert is located in this state.
  • Jaisalmer is located in the heart of the Thar desert.
  • Major crops grown in Rajasthan are barley, mustard, pearl millet, coriander, fenugreek and guar.

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Largest State of India Area Wise

Rajasthan is considered as the largest state of India in terms of Area as compared to other states of the country which is around 342,239 km2 of land. According to the 2011 census, the total population that resides in the state of Rajasthan is approx. 685,484,37. Check the below table to know the area (in Km.) of other states of India:

S. No. State Name Area (km2)
1 Rajasthan (The largest state in India by area) 342,239
2 Madhya Pradesh 308,245
3 Maharashtra 307,713
4 Uttar Pradesh 240,928
5 Gujarat 196,024
6 Karnataka 191,791
7 Andhra Pradesh 162,968
8 Odisha 155,707
9 Chhattisgarh 135,191
10 Tamil Nadu 130,058
11 Telangana 112,077
12 Bihar 94,163
13 West Bengal 88,752
14 Arunachal Pradesh 83,743
15 Jharkhand 79,714
16 Assam 78,438
17 Himachal Pradesh 55,673
18 Uttarakhand 53,483
19 Punjab 50,362
20 Haryana 44,212
21 Kerala 38,863
22 Meghalaya 22,429
23 Manipur 22,327
24 Mizoram 21,081
25 Nagaland 16,579
26 Tripura 10,486
27 Sikkim 7,096
28 Goa 3,702

The largest and smallest state in India: Rajasthan the Largest State & Goa is The Smallest State.

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States and Capitals

Largest Union Territories in India Area wise

Apart from states, India also has 8 Union Territories as of July 2020. The recently formed Jammu & Kashmir is the largest union territory in the country with an area of 125,535 sq. km. On the contrary, Lakshadweep is the smallest union territory with an area of a mere 32.62 sq. km.

S. No. Union Territory Name Area (km2)
1 Jammu and Kashmir 125,535
2 Ladakh 96,701
3 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 8,249
4 Delhi 1,484
5 Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu 603
6 Puducherry 479
7 Chandigarh 114
8 Lakshadweep 32.62

Largest State of India, Area Wise and Population Wise in Hindi

Largest State of India by Population

According to the 2011 Census, the largest state of India by Population is Uttar Pradesh with 199,812,341. On the other hand, Sikkim is the least populous state in India. Uttar Pradesh has a population that is more than that of Brazil. The list of states in terms of population is given below:

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S. No. State Name Population (As per Census 2011)
1 Uttar Pradesh (the largest state in India by population) 199,812,341
2 Maharashtra 112,374,333
3 Bihar 104,099,452
4 West Bengal 91,276,115
5 Andhra Pradesh 84,580,777
6 Madhya Pradesh 72,626,809
7 Tamil Nadu 72,147,030
8 Rajasthan 68,548,437
9 Karnataka 61,095,297
10 Gujarat 60,439,692
11 Orissa 41,974,218
12 Kerala 33,406,061
13 Jharkhand 32,988,134
14 Assam 31,205,576
15 Punjab 27,743,338
16 Chhattisgarh 25,545,198
17 Haryana 25,351,462
18 Uttarakhand 10,086,292
19 Himachal Pradesh 6,864,602
20 Tripura 3,673,917
21 Meghalaya 2,966,889
22 Manipur 2,855,794
23 Nagaland 1,978,502
24 Goa 1,458,545
25 Arunachal Pradesh 1,383,727
26 Mizoram 1,097,206
27 Sikkim 610,577

Note: In 2011, Telangana didn’t have a separate statehood and was part of Andhra Pradesh.

Largest Union Territories in India by Population

National Capital Delhi is the most populous UT with a population of over 1.6 crores. Lakshadweep is the least populous UT with a population of 64,473.

S. No. Union Territory Population (as per 2011 Census)
1 Delhi 1,67,87,941
2 Jammu and Kashmir + Ladakh 1,25,41,302
3 Puducherry 12,47,953
4 Chandigarh 10,55,450
5 Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu 5,86,956
6 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3,80,581
7 Lakshadweep 64,473

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FAQs

Which is the largest state in India by population?

In terms of Population, Uttar Pradesh is the largest state in India and its population is 199,812,341.

Which is the largest state of India by area?

Rajasthan is the largest state in India by area which covers an area of 342,239 km of the country.

Which is the least populous state of India?

Sikkim is the least populous state in India. The total population of Sikkim is 610,577

Which is the largest Union Territory of India in terms of area-wise?

Jammu & Kashmir, the newly constituted union territory is the largest UT in India which covers 125,535 km

Which is the smallest state of India in terms of area?

Goa is the smallest state of India with 3,702 km.

Which is the largest Union Territory of India in terms of population?

Delhi's most populous Union Territory with a population of over 1.6 crores

Which is the smallest Union Territory of India in terms of population?

Lakshadweep is the least populous UT with a population of 64,473.

Which is the smallest Union Territory of India in terms of area?

Lakshadweep is a smaller union territory with an area of a mere 32.62 sq. km.

Where is the Thar Desert located?

The Thar Desert is located in Rajasthan.

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