List of Governor General of India
Warren Hastings (1772-1785)
- Warren Hastings was the first Governor of Bengal (Presidency of Fort William). In 1750 he joined the British East India Company as a clerk and sailed out to India, reaching Calcutta in August 1750.
- In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies.
- He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.
- Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district.
Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)
- Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari system). It was an agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land.
- Introduction of Civil Services in India.
- He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent.
- He adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power.
- He founded the Fort William College at Calcutta.
- He opened College to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta. So, Known as the Father of Civil Services in India.
Sir George Barlow(1805-1807)
Lord Minto I(1807-1813)
- He concluded the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
- He ended the policy of non-intervention, which was followed by Sir John Shore.
- He abolished the censorship of press.Introduced Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay.
- His tenure was known for First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26) and Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824)
Lord William Bentick (1828-1835)
- He was first Governor General of India.
- He carried out social reforms such as abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy, Suppression of Thuggee.
- Established first Medical College in Calcutta.
- He made English as the language of higher education.
- He also suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.
Sir Charles Metcalfe(1835-1836)
- He held the post temporarily and removed restriction on Vernacular press.
- First Afghan War was fought in his reign.
- Opened first Railway line from Bombay to Thane in 1853.
- Opened first Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agar in 1853.
- Introduced Doctrine of Lapse captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854).
- Many bridges were constructed and started Grand Trunk Road.
- Established Postal system which made communication easier.
- Widow Remarriage Bill was passed.
- In 1854, Wood’s Dispatch was passed, which provided the proper system of education from School to University.
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