The British Rule (part I) | GA Study Notes :

To let you make the most of GA section, we are providing important facts related to Indian Polity. Also, Railway Exam is nearby with bunches of posts for the interested candidates in which General Awareness is a major part to be asked for various posts exams. We have covered important notes focusing on these prestigious exams. We wish you all the best of luck to come over the fear of General Awareness section

List of Governor General of India

Warren Hastings (1772-1785)

  • Warren Hastings was the first Governor of Bengal (Presidency of Fort William). In 1750 he joined the British East India Company as a clerk and sailed out to India, reaching Calcutta in August 1750.
  • In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies.
  • He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.
  • Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district.

Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)

  • Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari system). It was an agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land.
  • Introduction of Civil Services in India.
  • He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent.

 Lord Wellesley(1798-1805)

  • He adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power.
  • He founded the Fort William College at Calcutta.
  • He opened College to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta. So, Known as the Father of Civil Services in India.

Sir George Barlow(1805-1807)
Lord Minto I(1807-1813)

  • He concluded the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

 Lord Hastings(1813-1823)

  • He ended the policy of non-intervention, which was followed by Sir John Shore.
  • He abolished the censorship of press.Introduced Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay.

 Lord Amherst(1823-1828)

  • His tenure was known for First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26) and Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824)

Lord William Bentick (1828-1835)

  • He was first Governor General of India.
  • He carried out social reforms such as abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy, Suppression of Thuggee.
  • Established first Medical College in Calcutta.
  • He made English as the language of higher education.
  • He also suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.

Sir Charles Metcalfe(1835-1836)

  • He held the post temporarily and removed restriction on Vernacular press.

Lord Auckland(1836-1842)

  • First Afghan War was fought in his reign.

Lord Dalhousie(1848-1856)

  • Opened first Railway line from Bombay to Thane in 1853.
  • Opened first Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agar in 1853.
  • Introduced Doctrine of Lapse captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854).
  • Many bridges were constructed and started Grand Trunk Road.
  • Established Postal system which made communication easier.
  • Widow Remarriage Bill was passed.
  • In 1854, Wood’s Dispatch was passed, which provided the proper system of education from School to University.

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