Degrees of Comparison and its Rules

Degrees of Comparison: There is no denying that the English Language Section for Government Exams is a part and parcel. Be it SSC CGL Tier 1, Tier 2, SSC CHSL Tier 1, SSC MTS, SSC Stenographer Tier 1 & 2, SSC CPO Tier 1 & Tier 2 or bank exams. Degrees of comparison is a vital subpart of the English language section that bothers many aspirants. Mastering degrees of comparison is undeniably going to help you conquering topics of Degrees of adjectives, Sentence Improvement, Sentence Completion, Cloze Test as well. So it is conspicuously understood that practicing this topic is an advantageous task.  Aspirants either underrate or overrate the English Section while the balance is much required to maintain dominance over the subject.

Rules

Rule 1: If a single quality is compared between two persons more or most are to be used.

She is wiser than her brother. ✘
She is more wiser than her brother. ✔

Rule 2: When two qualities of a single person or a single thing is compared MORE is used with the first adjective even if it is a single syllable word.

He is wiser than shrewd.  ✘
He is more wise than shrewd.  ✔

Rule 3:  Remember that now double comparatives or superlatives are no longer used.

These shoes are more preferable than those.✘
These shoes are preferable to those.  ✔

Rule 4: The adjectives which give absolute sense do not take MORE or MOST with them. Similarly, we cannot say “more parallel” or ”more square” or “more unique” etc.

This idea is more universal than that.  ✘
This idea is universal and the other is not.  ✔

Rule 5The following adjectives are followed by to and not by than.

Junior, senior, inferior, prefer, preferable, superior, elder.

  1. This piece of cloth is superior than that.  ✘
    This piece of cloth is superior to that.  ✔
  2. My sister is elder than me.
    My sister is elder to me.  ✔

Rule 6: Similar things should be compared when compare two things.

The speed of this car is greater than the old one.  ✘
The speed of this car is greater than that of the old one.  ✔
(We cannot compare speed of the car with car)

Rule 7: When comparative degree is used in the superlative sense we should:

  1. Use ‘any other’ if we are comparing the things or persons of the same group.
  2. Use any if the comparison is with the things or persons outside the group.

He is better than any student of his class. ✘
He is better than any other student of his class. ✔

Delhi is cleaner than any other city in Bangladesh. ✘
Delhi is cleaner than any city in Bangladesh. ✔

Rule 8: When two adjectives in different degrees of comparison are used in the same sentence both should be complete in itself.

He is as bad if not better than his brother. ✘
He is as bad as if not better than his brother. ✔

Rule 9: Comparative degree should be used while comparing two and superlative degree when we compare more than two.

Among the three who is more hard working. ✘
Among the three who is the most hard working. ✔

Rule 10: When THAN or AS are followed by the first and the second person pronouns verb can be omitted but not in the case of the pronouns of third person.

He is not a clever as his brother. ✘
He is not as clever as his brother is. ✔

Now let’s attempt few questions based on the above explained rules

  1. She is …………………… than her sister.

a) pretty
b) prettier
c) prettiest
d) None of these

  1. Martha is a …………………….. girl.

a) nice
b) nicer
c) nicest
d) None of these

  1. Supriya is the ……………………… girl in the class.

a) intelligent
b) more intelligent
c) most intelligent
d) None of these

  1. Martin speaks English …………………..

a) well
b) better
c) best
d) None of these

  1. Russia is the ……………………. country in the world.

a) big
b) bigger
c) biggest
d) None of these

  1. China is a ……………….. country.

a) big
b) bigger
c) biggest
d) None of these

  1. China is …………………… than India.

a) big
b) bigger
c) biggest
d) None of these

  1. This is the …………………… book I have ever read.

a) interesting
b) more interesting
c) most interesting
d) None of these

  1. I am …………………. than you.

a) smart
b) smarter
c) smartest
d) None of these

  1. Take the ………………….. of the two routes.

a) short
b) shorter
c) shortest
d) None of these

Answers with Explanation:

1. She is prettier than her sister.
2. Martha is a nice girl.
3. Supriya is the most intelligent girl in the class.
4. Martin speaks English well.
5. Russia is the biggest country in the world.
6. China is a big country.
7. China is bigger than India.
8. This is the most interesting book I have ever read.
9. I am smarter than you.
10. Take the shorter of the two

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