UPSC Syllabus 2023
UPSC Syllabus 2023: Union Public Service Commission released the official notification for UPSC Notification 2023 on 1st February 2023 as per the official UPSC Calendar 2023. UPSC Civil Services Exam is one of the toughest and most reputed examinations in the country. Union Public Service Commission every year conducts UPSC Civil Services Exam for shortlisting candidates for various Grade-A posts in the government sector. Candidates interested in the forthcoming UPSC Recruitment 2023 must be aware of the UPSC Syllabus 2023. The commission will release the UPSC 2023 Syllabus with the release of official notification.
UPSC 2023 Syllabus
Understanding the syllabus is the initial step for the candidates to focus on acquiring their desired dream job. Candidates must be preparing for UPSC, and this is the perfect time to revise your UPSC Syllabus 2023 and prepare accordingly. UPSC syllabus pattern for services such as the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Revenue Service, and other civil services is the same. Check more details here for UPSC Syllabus 2023.
UPSC Syllabus 2023: Overview
The Civil Service and Forest service exams are conducted by the UPSC for which the official notification pdf will be out on 1st February 2023 on the official website. Check more details here for UPSC Syllabus 2023.
|UPSC Syllabus 2023|
|Exam Date||28th May 2023||Will be notified|
|No. of Papers||Two||Nine|
|Types of Questions||Objective Type||Descriptive Type|
|Duration of Exam||2 hours each||3 hours each|
|Medium of Exam||English & Hindi||English & Hindi (except language paper)|
|Negative Marking||⅓rd mark||No negative marking|
|Marks Counted in Merit||No||Yes|
The Union Public Service Commission conducts the UPSC CSE Exam in 2 stages i.e. Prelims and Mains. The first stage i.e. Prelims is qualifying in nature. The candidates have to score a minimum of 33% marks along with the marks above the cut-off as decided by UPSC. UPSC Prelims exam is conducted to shortlist the candidates for the Mains examination. The UPSC syllabus for the Prelims exam comprises two papers namely General Studies and CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test). Candidates can check the UPSC Exam Pattern 2023 and UPSC Syllabus 2023 here for detailed information.
UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023
Check the UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023 tabulated below. Candidates must check some of the important points also to understand the exam pattern properly.
- 1/3rd mark of the total mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.
- In General Studies (Paper I), each question is of 2 marks and there is a negative marking of 0.66 marks
- In CSAT (Paper-II), each question is of 2.5 marks and a negative marking of 0.833 marks for each wrong answer marked
- Paper II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
|Paper||Subjects||Marks||No. of Question||Duration|
|I||General Studies (GS)||200||100||2 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)|
|II||CSAT||200||80||2 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)|
UPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2023
The candidates qualifying for the UPSC prelims Exam will be eligible for the UPSC Mains Examination. The prelims marks will not be included in the final result (merit list). There are 9 papers in UPSC Mains Examination. Language papers are of qualifying marks and the rest of the papers will be scored. The Mains exam is conducted to test the candidate’s academic knowledge and ability to present the understanding according to the requirements of the question in a time-bound manner. Here is the UPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2023.
|UPSC Mains Exam|
|Paper-A||One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from
the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
|Papers Counted for Merit|
|Paper-II||General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)||250|
|Paper-III||General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International relations)||250|
|Paper-IV||Genera Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)||250|
|Paper-V||General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)||250|
|Paper-VI||Optional Subject – Paper 1||250|
|Paper-VII||Optional Subject – Paper 2||250|
|Sub Total (Written Test)||1750|
- Candidates need to score 25% in both qualifying papers i.e, 75 marks each.
- There are two qualifying papers in the mains exam, Namely “Paper A” and “Paper B” of 300 marks each.
- Two Qualifying Papers are “Any Indian Language from Eight Schedule “ and “English Language Paper”.
- All other seven papers are scoring in nature and their marks will be included in the final merit list.
- Candidates have to select any one subject from the table as their Optional subject for Paper VI and Paper VII.
UPSC Optional Subjects List for Mains Exam
|UPSC Optional Subjects List|
|Agriculture||Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science||Anthropology||Botany||Chemistry|
|Civil Engineering||Commerce and Accountancy||Economics||Electrical Engineering||Geography|
|Political Science and International Relations||Public Administration||Psychology||Mechanical Engineering||Mathematics|
|Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and English.|
UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023
Check the detailed UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023 from the below table for Paper 1 and Paper 2.
|General Studies (Paper I)||CSAT (Paper-II)|
2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, and Economic Geography of India and the World.
4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change: that do not require subject specialization.
7. General Science
2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
4. Decision-making and problem-solving
5. General mental ability
6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).
UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023
There are 9 papers in UPSC Mains Examination. Candidates can check the subject-wise syllabus here.
UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023: General Studies I
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:
- Indian culture covers the salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
- Modern Indian history includes significant events, personalities, and issues from the middle of the eighteenth century until the present
- Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’
- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
- History of the world includes events, forms, and effects on society from the 18th century like world wars, the industrial revolution, colonization, redrawing of national boundaries, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.
- Salient aspects of Diversity of India and Indian Society
- Role of women and women’s organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and remedies
- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India
- Effects of globalization on Indian society
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
- . Salient features of the world’s physical geography.
UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023: General Studies II
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International relations:
1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels, and challenges therein
3. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
4. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
5. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these
6. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
7. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
8. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
9. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
10. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies
11. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
12. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
13. Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
14. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures
15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger
16. Role of civil services in a democracy
17. Bilateral, regional, and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
18. India and its neighborhood– relations
19. Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandate
20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora
UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023: General Studies III
Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management:
1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
2. Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management.
3. Government Budgeting.
4. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
5. Major crop cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport, and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
6. Economics of animal-rearing.
7. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
8. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions
9. Land reforms in India.
10. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.
11. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
12. Investment models.
13. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science and technology;
14. Indigenisation of technology and developing new technology.
15. Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment
16. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
17. Disaster and disaster management.
18. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
19. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
20. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention
21. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
22. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023: General Studies IV
1. Ethics and Human Interface- Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
2. Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators; the role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values
3. Attitude- content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
4. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker-sections
5. Emotional intelligence concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
6. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world
7. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration- Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
8. Probity in Governance- Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information; sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
9. Case Studies on the above issues.
UPSC IAS Interview Test
The candidates qualifying for the Prelims and mains will be eligible for the UPSC IAS Interview Test. Candidates must check the important points mentioned below.
1. The candidate will be interviewed by a board who will have before them a record of his/her career and interests filled by him/her in the Detailed Application Form (DAF).
2. The objective of the interview is to check the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in civil services by a board of competent and unbiased observers.
3. In the personality test, apart from their academic study, candidates must be aware of the affairs happening both within and outside their state or country.
4. The interview is more of a purposive conversation intended to explore the mental qualities and analytical ability of the candidate.
5. The Interview test will be 275 marks and the total mark for the written examination is 1750. This sums up to a Grand Total of 2025 Marks based on which the final merit list will be prepared.
UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF
We will be providing you with the UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF in English as well as UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF in Hindi also. This will help candidates to understand the UPSC Syllabus 2023 details minutely.
|Other Syllabus Links|
|SSC CHSL Syllabus||RRB ALP Syllabus|
|SSC MTS Syllabus||India Post Syllabus|
|SSC CGL Syllabus||IB Security Assistant Syllabus|
UPSC Syllabus 2023: FAQs
Q, What is the selection process for UPSC Notification 2023?
Ans: The UPSC Notification 2023 selection will be based on the prelims and mains examination.
Q. How many papers are there in UPSC Prelims Recruitment 2023?
Ans: There are 2 papers in the Prelims examination.
Q. How many papers are there in UPSC Mains Recruitment 2023?
Ans: There are 9 papers in the main examination.