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Finance Commission of India – Chairman List, Functions and 15th Finance Commission

What is the Finance Commission of India?

The Finance Commission of India is a constitutional body which is constituted by the President of India under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution. The finance commissions are constituted to recommend the distribution of tax revenues between the central and state governments. It is also responsible to determine the principles that govern the grants-in-aid provided by the central government to the states. The first Finance Commission was constituted in 1951 and there have been fifteenth so far. K.C. Neogy became the first Finance Chairman of India. Read the article to have detailed knowledge about the Finance Commission of India.

Composition of Finance Commission

Finance Commission comprises a Chairman who had public affairs experience and Four Members. The Parliament determines the qualifications of the members of the Commission and their selection methods. The 4 members should be or have been qualified as High Court judges, or be knowledgeable in finance or experienced in financial matters and are in administration, or possess knowledge in economics. All the appointments are made by the President of India.

Functions of Finance Commission

There are various functions that has to be performed by the Finance Commission of India. It shall be the duty of the Finance Commission to make recommendations to the President in relation to the:

  • Distribution of ‘net proceeds’ of taxes between the Center and the States, to be divided as per their respective contributions to the taxes.
  • Determine factors governing Grants-in-Aid to the states and the magnitude of the same.
  • To make recommendations to the president as to the measures needed to augment the Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the panchayats and municipalities in the state on the basis of the recommendations made by the finance committee of the state.
  • Any other matter related to it by the president in the interest of sound finance.
  • According to the Code of Civil Procedure 1908, the Financial Commission has all the powers of a civil court. It subpoenas witnesses, asks to produce public documents or records from an office or court.

15th Finance Commission of India

The 15th Finance Commission was constituted in 2017. Its recommendations will cover a period of five years from the year 2021-22 to 2025-26. The Chairman of 15th Finance Commission is N. K. Singh, a former member of the Planning Commission and Shri Ajay Narayan Jha joined the commission as a member of Finance Commission of India.

Article 280 of the Indian Constitution

The Article 280 of Indian Constitution deals with the Finance Commission of India, this article says that President has to constitute a Finance Commission in every 5 years. The duty of Finance Commission of India is to make recommendations to the President of India which are  as follows:

  • The distribution of taxes between the Union and the States.
  • The grants in aid of the revenues of the States from the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • Any matter referred by the President of India in reference to the finance.

Article 281 of the Indian Constitution

The Article 281 of the Indian Constitution says that President has to present all the recommendations of Finance Commission in front of the Parliament.

State Finance Commission

The State Finance Commission (SFC) is created by the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments (CAs) to rationalize and systematize fiscal relations at the local level in India.

• Article 243I of the Constitution mandated the State Governor to constitute a Finance Commission every five years.

• Article 243Y of the Constitution states that the Finance Commission constituted under article 243 I shall also review the financial position of the Municipalities and make recommendations to the Governor.

However, States have not been setting up their SFCs regularly as mandated by the constitutional amendment.

Finance Commission Chairman List

15 Finance Commissions have been appointed so far. Here are the names of Chairman’s of finance commission of India till now:

Finance Commission Chairman Year of Appointment
First K.C. Neogy 1951
Second K. Santhanam 1956
Third A.K. Chanda 1960
Fourth Dr. P.V. Rajamannar 1964
Fifth Mahavir Tyagi 1968
Sixth Brahamananda Reddy 1972
Seventh J.M. Shelat 1977
Eighth Y.B. Chavan 1982
Ninth N.K.P. Salve 1987
Tenth K.C. Pant 1992
Eleventh A.M. Khusro 1998
Twelfth Dr. C. Rangarajan 2002
Thirteenth Dr. Vijay Kelkar 2007
Fourteenth Y.V. Reddy 2013
Fifteenth N.K Singh 2017

Finance Commission of India in Hindi

Finance Commission of India, Chairman List and its Functions_30.1

Finance Commission of India, Chairman List and its Functions_40.1

Check related links:
Largest State in India Important Days and Dates
National Symbols of India Preamble of the Indian constitution
States and Capitals Union Territories in India

FAQs

Which article provides for creation of Finance Commission?

Article 280 of the constitution says that there shall be a Finance Commission of India.

How many Finance Commissions have been constituted till now?

15 Finance Commission have been appointed so far, the present chairman will continue his term till 2025-26.

Who is the chairman of the 15th Finance Commission?

N.K Singh is the Chairman of the 15th Finance Commission of India, he will serve his term till 2026 and Ajay Narayan Jha, Ashok Lahiri and Anoop Singh are the members of 15th Finance Commission.

Who appoints the State Finance Commissioner?

The State Finance Commissioner is appointed by the Governor of that particular state. Article 243-I says that every state must have the Finance Commission.

What is Article 281 of the Indian Constitution?

The Article 281 of the Indian Constitution says that President has to present all the recommendations of Finance Commission in front of the Parliament.