Preamble of Indian Constitution
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION
What is Preamble?
A preamble is an introductory statement in a document that seeks to explain the document’s philosophy and objectives.
It presents the intention of framers of the constitution, and the core values and principles of the nation.
The preamble of India basically gives idea of the following objects:
- Source of the Constitution: It is indicated by the Preamble that the source of authority of the Constitution lies with the people of India.
- Nature of Indian State: Preamble declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic.
- Statement of its objectives: The objectives stated by the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty, equality to all citizens and promote fraternity to maintain unity and integrity of the nation.
- Date of its adoption: The date is mentioned in the preamble when it was adopted i.e. November 26, 1949.
Preamble of Indian Constitution Amendment
After the judgment of the Kesavanand Bharati case, it was accepted that the preamble is part of the Constitution. As a part of the Constitution, preamble can be amended under Article 368 of the Constitution, but the basic structure of the preamble can not be amended.
As of now, the preamble is only amended once through the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
- The term ‘Socialist’, ‘Secular’, and ‘Integrity’ were added to the preamble through 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
- ‘Socialist’ and ‘Secular’ were added between ‘Sovereign’ and ‘Democratic’.
- ‘Unity of the Nation’ was changed to ‘Unity and Integrity of the Nation’.
Preamble of India – FAQs
Q. Can preamble of Indian constitution be amended?
Ans. Yes, the preamble of India’s constitution is amendable after Supreme Court judgement in Keshavanand Bharti case.
Q. By which constitutional amendment Act preamble was amended?
Ans. By 42nd constitutional amendment act.
Q. What are the 5 keywords of the Preamble?
Ans. The 5 keywords of the Preamble are: Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Republic. These words shows nature of Indian State.
Q. Objective resolution which forms the basis of Indian Preamble was moved by?
Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru
Q. What are the objectives mentioned in the Indian Preamble?
Ans. Justice, Liberty, Equality amd Fraternity