What is Operation Kaveri?
‘Operation Kaveri’ is likely a coordinated effort between the Indian government, its embassy in Sudan, and various other stakeholders to ensure the safe return of Indian nationals to their home country. ‘Operation Kaveri’ is an evacuation operation launched by the Indian government to bring back its citizens from Sudan, who are stranded due to the current crisis in the country.
The operation is named after the Kaveri River, which is one of the major rivers in India. The Indian government has deployed a team of officials to coordinate the operation, including officers from the Ministry of External Affairs, the Indian embassy in Sudan, and the Indian Air Force. The evacuation operation involves transporting Indian citizens from various parts of Sudan to the capital city of Khartoum, where they are then flown back to India on special flights.
The operation involves the deployment of the Indian Navy’s INS Sumedha, a stealth offshore patrol vessel, and two Indian Air Force C-130J special operations aircraft on standby in Jeddah. There are about 2,800 Indian nationals in Sudan, and there is also a settled Indian community of about 1,200 in the country.
Why Operation Kaveri is in News?
India has started ‘Operation Kaveri’ to evacuate its nationals owing to the Current Crisis in Sudan. The Indian government has launched the rescue operation, ‘Operation Kaveri’ to save thousands of citizens who are stuck under unbearable conditions in Sudan. According to the External Affairs Minister of India, Dr. S. Jaishankar 370 Indians have already returned safely through Operation Kaveri.
What is the crisis in Sudan?
Sudan is currently experiencing a violent power struggle between the army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) across the country. This conflict arose due to a dispute over an internationally supported plan to establish a new civilian government, four years after the overthrow of authoritarian leader Omar al-Bashir and two years after a military coup. Both sides are accusing each other of obstructing the transition, resulting in widespread violence and instability.
These are the impacts of the crisis in Sudan:
- Economic Crisis
- Obstacle to Democratic Transition
- Destabilization of Neighboring Countries
What are the previous operations led by the Indian government to evacuate Indian citizens from abroad?
These are some of the evacuation operations carried out by India. Candidates must go through the details mentioned below. This will help to prepare candidates for the upcoming Govt. exams.
- Operation Ganga (2022): It is an evacuation mission to bring back all the Indian nationals who are currently stranded in Ukraine.
- Operation Devi Shakti (2021): Operation Devi Shakti was India’s complex mission to evacuate its citizens and Afghan partners from Kabul after its swift takeover by the Taliban.
- Vande Bharat (2020): When theCovid-19 pandemic hit the world, the Centre launched the Vande Bharat Mission to bring back Indian citizens stranded in foreign countries.
- Operation Samudra Setu (2020): This was a naval operation as part of the national effort to bring home Indian citizens from overseas during the Covid-19 pandemic.
- Evacuation from Brussels (2016): In March 2016, Belgium was hit by terrorist strikes at Brussels Airport in Zaventem, and one at Maalbeek Metro Station in central Brussels.
- Operation Raahat (2015): In 2015, a conflict raged between the Yemeni government and Houthi rebels.
- Operation Maitri (2015): It is a joint relief and rescue operation by the Indian government and the Indian Armed Forces in the aftershock of the 2015 Nepal earthquake.
- Operation Safe Homecoming (2011): India launched ‘Operation Homecoming’ to bring back Indian citizens stranded in conflict-torn Libya.
- Operation Sukoon (2006): As Israel and Lebanon broke into military conflict in July 2006, India rescued its stranded citizens by launching this operation, which is now famously known as the ‘Beirut Sealift’.
- 1990 Kuwait Airlift (1990): In 1990, when 1,00,000 Iraqi soldiers armed with 700 tanks marched into Kuwait, the royals and VIPs fled to Saudi Arabia.
Sudan Important Points
- Capital of Sudan: Khartoum
- Currency of Sudan: Sudanese pound (SDG)
- Region of Sudan: North Africa
- President of Sudan: Abdel Fattah al-Burhan (Chairman of the Sovereignty Council)
- Official language of Sudan: Arabic, English
- Other languages of Sudan: Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
- Population of Sudan: approximately 44 million
- Major religions of Sudan: Islam, Christianity, Traditional African Religions
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