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Analogy – Reasoning Types and Tricks for SSC Exams

Analogy is an important topic of logical reasoning and is asked in all the competitive exams like SSC, Railways, Banking, Defence, RBI, Teaching, etc. The concept of analogy refers basically to finding similarities in the given entities. When the four or any number of entities are given then they are related to each other by following a certain relationship to each other, we need to find their relationship and answer the next term logically.


Analogy requires a logical understanding of students and a broad knowledge of every section. It observes the logical understanding and ability of candidates. The questions will be formed in analogy from any subject including General Knowledge/Awareness, Science, Computer, Environment, Current Events, Mathematics, etc. So the candidates must prepare each and every concept of Analogy well and prepare it seriously as it has the weightage of nearly 3 to 5 marks in every exam. Read the full article to know the analogy concept, the meaning of analogy, types, questions, etc.

Analogy Meaning

Analogy refers to similarity. The term ‘Analogy’ has an easy-to-understand meaning which is simply a logical relationship. The meaning of analogy is also to find the logical similarities between the given entities. The implications of the meaning of analogy can be simply understood by taking an example – Writer : Pen:: Driver: Vehicle. This means the Writer needs a pen to write in the same way the driver needs a vehicle to drive. The meaning of analogy can clearly be understood by the example discussed above that it is simply a logical relationship to relate all the terms sequentially.

Analogy Types

The analogy is an important and indispensable topic of reasoning that comes under the preparation for the logical reasoning section. It has many types and the questions will be formed in the exam papers to cover all such types. The types of analogy asked in competitive exams are mentioned below.

1. Letter/Word-Based Analogy

In this type of analogy, a couple of pairs of letters or words are given and have certain fixed logical similarities between them. As per the logic followed in the first pair relationship, another pair of letters or words is also formed in which one word or letter is given and we need to find an unknown letter or word that comes there as per the logical relation following in the first pair. It contains questions based on the position of letters, opposite letters, synonyms and antonyms of words, etc. The candidates need to understand the logic followed in the first given pair and then find the next pair following the same logic. The examples of letter/word-based analogy are mentioned here.

Examples: D : F: : R:?

In D and F there is a difference of two then the unknown letter by T. Now the series will be D : F: : R: T


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so the answer is JKLOPQ


Cup is used to drink something with the help of lips in the same manner birds collect grass with the help of beaks to make their nest.

2. Number-Based Analogy

In this type of analogy, a pair of numbers is given which is related in a certain manner and we need to find the unknown number following the same logic followed in the given pair. The questions will be formed in a number-based analogy based on the basic mathematical operations of numbers like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Apart from this, the questions are also formed based on squares and cubes of numbers, etc. The examples of number-based analogy are discussed here.

5 : 25 : : 7 : ?

5^2 = 25 then 7^2 = 49

2 : 8 : : 6 : ?

2^3 = 8 then 6^3 = 216

4 : 20 : : 8 : ?

4 × (4+1) = 20 then 8 × (8+1) = 72

3. Letters/Words and Number-Based Analogy (Mixed Analogy)

In this type of analogy, the questions will be formed on both words/letters and numbers. It is also known as a mixed analogy. The candidate first needs to understand the relation of logic by which letters or words and numbers are related to each other and follow the same logic the unknown number and letters or words need to be found. The examples of Mixed Analogy are shown here.

B2D5 : C4E25 : : F5H9 : ?

B+1 = C, 2^2 = 2, D+1 = E, 5^2 = 25

i.e. B2D5 = C4E25 then

F+1 = G, 5^2 = 25, H+1 = I, 9^2 = 81

Then, F5H9 = G25I81

4. Image-Based Analogy

In this type of analogy, figures and images are given and have certain similarities between them. The candidates need to mark the logic followed in the given pair of images and predict the new unknown image using this logic. The questions will be formed on mirror images, water images, and rotation of figures in clockwise and anti-clockwise directions. The candidates need to answer by deriving the resultant figure based on the relationship or logic followed in the given pair. The examples of image-based analogy are discussed here for a better understanding of candidates.

5. Miscellaneous Analogy

In this type of analogy, the questions will be formed on any logic or relationship. In this type, the questions are asked from any subject or section like General Knowledge, General Awareness, Current Affairs, Science and Technology, Mathematics, etc. The candidates must know all the concepts of these sections well to answer these questions. It requires more and more practice.

Force : Newton : : Current : ___

SI unit of Force is Newton similarly SI unit of Current is Ampere

India : Rupee : : Japan : ___

The currency of India is Rupee similarly currency of Japan is Yen.

Analogy Reasoning

As we already discussed, analogy is an important topic of logical reasoning. It is asked in all the government exams. Analogy reasoning makes the candidates logically strong to detect the logic followed in the given entity. Analogy in reasoning checks the logical ability of candidates. It requires practice and knowledge to become proficient in it. Analogy in reasoning is asked to check the observation capacity of students in a particular situation. Analogy in reasoning makes the mind sharp to find the logical relation and the rule follower in a given entity quickly. It also enhances the IQ level of students.

Analogy Reasoning Tricks

Analogy in reasoning is a broad section that requires some useful tips and tricks to prepare for the exams. Analogy reasoning tricks help to develop the logical ability of candidates and their observation level. Here we are going to discuss some useful tips and tricks that are helpful in your preparation for exams. So follow these tips to prepare analogy well for your exams.

  • Candidates must have a good understanding of the English language to solve questions related to the Analogy.
  • Read the question carefully and figure out the logic followed between them and pick the correct answer following this logic.
  • Candidates must have good knowledge of numbers and their operations to answer the analogy questions easily and quickly.
  • Candidates must practice all types of questions asked in exams to develop their logical ability.

Reasoning by Analogy

The reasoning section is a very interesting subject and important for all the exams. The important concepts of reasoning can be understood only by practice and logical ability. Reasoning practice by solving analogy problems helps students to understand their logical abilities and observations. Analogy logic among numbers is related to each other by following a certain mathematical relationship. Analogy number requires a good knowledge of numbers and their operations. Reasoning by analogy needs the understanding of facts and figures in all the sections.

Analogy Meaning in Hindi

Analogy in Hindi also meant similarity. It is referred to as Samanta in Hindi. Analogy meaning in Hindi is the same as discussed above i.e. simply to find similarities between the given terms. Analogy in Hindi also helps to understand the logic of questions easily.

We hope these important notes on Analogy were helpful for you and will help you to prepare for your upcoming exam. If you want to get some more study notes like this then we suggest you to stay connected with sscadda.com. And if you want to read these notes in Hindi then click on the link provided below.

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Define Analogy.

Analogy refers to similarity. In analogy, the pair of terms are given and they are related to following certain logical relationships. Based on this relationship we need to answer the unknown terms.

Solve 11 : 121: : 13:?

By observing the given pair it is found that the second number is the square of the first number so, in the same manner, the answer will be the square of 13 i.e. 169.

11^2 = 121 and 13^2 = 169