International Workers’ Day, often referred to as May Day, is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement. Labour Day or International Workers’ Day is observed every year on the first day of May to celebrate the achievements of the working class. The day, also called as ‘May Day’, is also observed as a public holiday in many countries. May 1 was chosen to commemorate the Haymarket affair in Chicago that occurred in 1886. On this day people had declared a general strike for an eight-hour workday. As the world marks Labour Day, we are highlighting origin, Trivia and few important facts related to this day.
International Labour Day: Origin
It all started On May 1, 1886, when workers took to the streets across the United States to reduce the workday to eight-hour shifts. Labour Day annually celebrates the achievements of the workers. the main reason for Labour Day is to spread awareness against the unfair treatment of the labour class. People of all ages, generally who were very poor and recent immigrants, used to work in extremely unsafe working conditions with insufficient access to fresh air, sanitary facilities and minimal breaks from work.
International Labour Day: Trivia
Labour Day Or May Day is called Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas or Kamgar Din in India. It is also referred to as International Workers’ Day or just Worker’s Day.
In India, the first Labour day or May Day was celebrated in the year 1923. It was the Labour Kisan Party who had organized the May Day celebrations in Chennai (then Madras). One of these was organized at Triplicane Beach and the other one was arranged at the beach opposite Madras High Court.
May Day is a nationwide bank and public holiday in India. In Maharashtra and Gujarat, it is officially called Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day respectively, since it was on this day in 1960 that they attained statehood after the old Bombay State became divided on linguistic lines.
International Labour Day: Interesting Facts
- In 1887, Oregon was the first state to make Labour Day a legal holiday.
- Labour Day originally was meant to recognize the contributions of the American workforce, and it had strong ties to the labour union movement. Today, it is seen more as a chance to celebrate the (unofficial) last weekend of summer.
- Throughout much of the 19th century, it was common for American labourers to work 12-hour days to make a living. Children often worked in factories and mines, and there were few regulations to support workers. On September 3, 1916, the Adamson Act was passed by Congress, establishing an eight-hour workday.
- As Labour Day has often been seen as the unofficial end of summer, many upper-class citizens would pack away their lightweight, white summer clothes as they returned back to work and school. This had led to the expression no white after Labour Day.
- Labour Day marks the end of peak hot dog season. From Memorial Day to Labour Day, Americans eat roughly 7 billion hot dogs. After Labour Day, many Americans will start obsessing over pumpkin spice.
- 1st May is also celebrated as Maharashtra Day & Gujrat Day as this day in 1960 embarked the formation of Maharashtra and Gujrat.
No Work is insignificant. All labour that uplifts humanity has dignity and importance and should be undertaken with painstaking excellence. – Martin Luther King, Jr