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List of Continents and Oceans, 7 Continents and 5 Oceans of Earth

Continents and Oceans

There are seven continents and five oceans in the world or in other words the earth is divided into seven continents and five oceans. These seven continents are a combination of different countries and these oceans are geographically managed by these continents. The continents can be described as large land masses whereas oceans are large water bodies. The continent comprises 29% of land and the ocean covers around 72% of area. The largest continent of the world is Asia and the largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean.

For all interested candidates, this article offers an in-depth insight into the geography of these continents and oceans. Delving into this subject is intriguing, as it broadens one’s perspective on the Earth’s physical layout (Geography). Dive in to explore more about these landmasses and water bodies.

What is a Continent?

continent is any of several large landmasses which are separated by an ocean or other landmass. Continents are divided into 7 different regions namely, Asia, North America, Antarctica, South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Many of the island countries are surrounded by the Pacific Ocean which together forms the continent of Australia, and that region is geographically called Oceania. According to geology, a continent can be defined as “Earth’s major landmass that includes dry mass and the Continental shelves both.

What is Ocean?

An Ocean is referred to as a salty water body that covers 71% of the Earth’s surface. In other words, it can be defined as a very large body of water due to which the greater ocean has been divided. There are five different oceans: the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest Ocean in the world. The Pacific Ocean also contains the Mariana Trench, which is the deepest known part of the world’s oceans. Its deepest point reaches seven miles down into the Earth

Continents and Oceans Names List

There are 7 continents on the planet earth. Asia is the largest continent among all the seven continents.

  • North America
  • South America
  • Africa
  • Antarctica
  • Australia (Oceania)
  • Europe
  • Asia

Continent- Asia

Asia is the largest continent on the earth with a land area of 17,210,000 square miles or 44,029,797 square kilometers, Asia occupies about 9% of our planet’s surface. It is the most populated continent on the earth i.e. around 60% of the population is surviving on it. Asia is one of the most important countries in terms of the world’s economy. The largest city in Asia is the largest city on Earth also which is Tokyo, Japan.

Continent- Africa

Africa is the second continent on the planet both in terms of area and population. It is estimated that about 15% of the world’s population currently lives in Africa. The African continent has a landmass of 11,670,0000 square miles or 28,489,869 square kilometers.

Continent- Antarctica

This continent has a land mass of 5,405,000 square miles or 12,949,940 square kilometers. Antarctica is mostly known for being the southernmost continent on our planet. Because of its geographical position at the South Pole, Antarctica suffers the coldest temperatures on Earth, sometimes reaching -130°F (-90°C). Antarctica is the most sparsely populated continent on Earth, with a population of only 4,912 people as of 2015. Antarctica has the smallest population of all 7 continents.

Continent- Australia

Australia (also sometimes known as Oceania) is located between the Indian Ocean to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West. In Australia, the largest city is Sydney which, as of 2016, has a population of 5,029,768. Other large cities in Australia include Melbourne, Victoria; Brisbane, Queensland; Auckland, New Zealand; and Perth, Western Australia. This continent has a land area of 2,970,000 square miles or 5,179,976 square kilometers

Continent- Europe

Europe is the most densely populated continent on Earth with a populated mainland stretching east from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains. The continent is bordered by the Mediterranean and Black seas to the south, and the Antarctic Ocean to the north. Europe has a land area of 3,931,000 square miles or 7,769,964 square kilometers, Europe is the smallest continent on Earth.

Continent- North America

North America has a land area of 9,540,000 square miles or 23,309,892 square kilometers. As of 2016, its population is 579,014,000. This population is spread over 23 different countries including three that occupy vast lands, such as Canada, The United States, and Mexico. Around 8% of the world’s population lives in this landmass, which is approximately 17% of the planet’s landmass.

Continent- South America

This continent is the southern area of the landmass it shares with North America. Like North America, South America borders the Atlantic Ocean to the West and the Pacific to the East. There are only twelve independent nations in South America. Brazil is the biggest country on the continent with the largest population of them all.

There are 5 oceans which is the source of saltwater. The list of the 5 oceans is now as follows:

  • The Pacific Ocean
  • The Atlantic Ocean
  • The Indian Ocean
  • The Arctic Ocean
  • The Southern Ocean

The Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean among all the oceans on the earth. This ocean covers an area of 63,784,077 square miles or 165,200,000 square kilometers. The Pacific ocean covers the whole area between the eastern coasts of two continents: Australia (Oceania) and Asia, all the way to the west coasts of North and South America.

The Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean includes many seas, such as the Baltic, the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Mediterranean seas with an area of 41,081,270 square miles or 106,400,000 square kilometers, the Atlantic is the second-largest ocean on Earth behind the Pacific.

The Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean covers an area of 28,400,130 square miles or 73,556,000 square kilometers. The Indian Ocean has been fundamental in the trade between Europe and Asia. Western (and, indeed, global) medicine and food preservation have greatly progressed thanks to the amazing spices that are found in the countries around the Indian Ocean, including its many islands.

The Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by North America, Asia, and Europe. The Arctic Ocean is both the smallest and the shallowest ocean and it covers an area of 5,400,015 square miles or 13,986,000 square kilometers.

The Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean is the “youngest” ocean on Earth, as it was only considered as such in the year 2000. The area covered by the Southern Ocean is 7,848,299 square miles or 20,327,000 square kilometers. This makes it the penultimate ocean in terms of size only in front of the Arctic Ocean.

Continents and Oceans Map

The below table will provide information about the 7 continents and 5 ocean areas and populations according to the Encyclopedia Britannica for each continent in accordance with the seven-continent model. The below table will provide you the information about the population in the continents and areas according to the World Map.

Continent Area % of total Land Population % of Total
Asia 29.8% 60%
Africa 20.3% 17%
North America 16.2%` 7.6%
South America 11.9% 5,6%
Antarctica 9.5% 0
Europe 6.7% 9.8%
Oceanic 5.7% 0.54%

What is the Difference Between Continent and Ocean?

The below table will show you some points that help you understand the difference between the continent and the ocean.

The Continent The Ocean
  • Continents are extensive and continuous masses of land which are separated by expanses of water.
  • There are 7 continents on the earth.
  • The continent’s crust is thicker and covers 21% Earth’s surface.
  • Oceans are large water bodies in the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • There are 5 oceans on the earth.
  • The Ocean’s crust is thinner and covers 72% of the earth’s surface.



Which is the largest ocean on the Planet Earth?

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean on planet Earth.

Which is the largest Continent on the Planet Earth?

Asia is the largest continent on planet Earth.

What percent of the land is covered by continent on Earth?

29% of the land is covered by continents on the earth.

How many continents and oceans are there in the world?

There are 7 continents and 5 oceans in the world.

What are some interesting facts about the deep ocean?

Once you pass 1,000 meters, the water is completely devoid of light, and you have reached the deep ocean. Down here, temperatures plummet to 39 degrees Fahrenheit, and constantly stay near freezing. The pressures at these depths range from about 40 to over 110 times the pressure of Earth's atmosphere.

What made the ocean so deep?

The extreme depth of the Mariana Trench and other oceanic trenches is caused by subduction. This is where on the boundary of two converging tectonic plates, one descends down into Earth's mantle, creating a deep trough.

About the Author

Aishwarya Bhandarkar is a content writer having experience of 3.5+ years in blogging of creating content for competitive entrance and government exams. She believes in delivering simplifying complex concepts into understandable and user-friendly content on time to the readers and helping aspirants for various exams..