What is UPSC Full Form? History, Functions And Exams Conducted by UPSC are provided below. How it formed? What are the examinations under UPSC? What is the function of UPSC? Know everything about the UPSC exams. UPSC or Union Public Service Commission is the central recruiting agency of India established on 1 October 1926. It conducts the major recruitment examinations of the country to appoint candidates in the top central government posts. Several UPSC exam notifications are released every year where lakhs of aspirants sit for thousands of vacancies. It is considered amongst the toughest examinations of India recruiting for the gazetted central government posts.
|UPSC Full-Form||Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)|
|Group of posts under UPSC||Group A and B posts|
|Minimum eligibility criteria||Graduate in concerned stream/ 12th Pass|
|UPSC Chairman||Pradeep Kumar Joshi|
UPSC Full Form and History
UPSC’s full form is Union Public Service Commission. The concept of a merit-based modern Civil Service exam in India was introduced in 1854 by the British East India Company. Initially, the examinations for the Indian Civil Service were conducted only in London. But the syllabus was designed in such a way that only the British candidates could succeed in it. Nevertheless, in 1864, the first Indian, Shri Satyendranath Tagore brother of Shri Rabindranath Tagore succeeded. It was only after the First World War and the Montagu Chelmsford reforms that Indian civil service exams began to be held in India.
The Public Service Commission was set up in India for the first time on October 1, 1926. Sir Ross Barker, member of the Home Civil Service, United Kingdom was the first Chairman of the Commission. With the introduction of the Constitution of India on January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission came to be recognized as the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Hence, UPSC was formed as the central commission for conducting government job examinations.
|UPSC Previous Year Papers: Download 2013 to 2019 IAS Papers|
What are the Functions of UPSC?
The functions of the UPSC under Article 320 of the Constitution include the following:
- Conduct the recruitment examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
- Direct recruitment of aspirants by selection through interviews.
- Appointment of officers in the cadre on promotion/deputation/absorption.
- Framing and amendment of the Recruitment Rules for services and posts under the Government.
- Managing disciplinary cases related to different Civil Services or officers.
- Advising the Government on any matter assigned to the Commission by the President of India.
Which examinations are conducted by UPSC?
To understand UPSC, you must know the examinations conducted by the UPSC. Here is the list of exams conducted by UPSC:
- National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (NDA)
- Indian Statistical Service Examination (ISS)
- Indian Economic Service Examination (IES)
- Indian Forest Service Examination (IFS)
- Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination
- Indian Civil Services Examination (ICSE) for recruitment to IAS, IPS, IRS, etc officers
- Indian Engineering Services Examination
- Combined Medical Services Examination
- Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination
- Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS)
- Various Recruitment Tests for UPSC EPFO, other exams
- UPSC IAS Syllabus: Check Detailed Subject-wise Syllabus
- UPSC IAS Cut Off Prelims & Mains: Previous Years Cut Off
What are the Minimum Qualifications for appearing for UPSC Exams?
If you are planning to apply for any of the mentioned examinations by UPSC, you must know about the minimum educational qualifications required by the particular exams. Check out below:
|Examination||Minimum Qualifications Required|
|National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (NDA)||12th pass|
|Indian Statistical Service Examination (ISS)||Bachelor’s Degree with Statistics/Applied Statistics/Mathematical Statistics|
|Indian Economic Service Examination (IES)||Post-Graduate Degree in Economics/Applied Economics/Business Economics etc|
|Indian Forest Service Examination (IFS)||Bachelor’s degree in any one of the mentioned subjects.|
|Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination||Master’s degree in mentioned subjects|
|Indian Civil Services Examination (ICSE) for recruitment to IAS, IPS, IRS etc officers||Bachelor’s degree in any subject.|
|Indian Engineering Services Examination||Degree in Engineering|
|Combined Medical Services Examination||MBBS|
|Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination||Bachelor’s degree|
|Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS)||Bachelor’s degree|
UPSC CSE Exam
UPSC Civil services exam consists of 3 stages passing which a candidate will be appointed for the posts under administrative departments:
- Preliminary examination
- Mains examination
UPSC Preliminary examination
It consists of 2 mandatory papers for 200 marks each to be attempted in the duration of 2 hours. Paper 1 contains questions from General Studies (GS) while paper 2 from the Aptitude Test.
|Paper 1||General Studies (GS)||200 marks||2 Hours|
|Paper 2||Aptitude Test||200 marks||2 Hours|
UPSC Mains examination
The Mains exam consists of subjective type questions with a total of 9 papers with 2 papers that are qualifying in nature while the marks scored in 7 papers are added in the final merit. Each paper is of 3 hours duration.
|One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate||300 marks|
|Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society||250 Marks|
General Studies -II
|Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations||250 Marks|
General Studies -III
|Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management||250 Marks|
General Studies -IV
|(Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)- 250 Marks||250 Marks|
|Paper-VI||Optional Subject Paper 1||250 Marks|
|Paper-VII||Optional Subject Paper 2||250 Marks|
UPSC Full Form FAQs
Q. What is the full form of UPSC?
The UPSC full form is Union Public Service Commission.
Q. Are UPSC and IAS the same?
No. UPSC or Union Public Service Commission conducts the examinations for central govt posts. IAS or Indian administrative service is a central government department and its examination is conducted by UPSC.
Q. What is the UPSC CSE examination?
UPSC CSE is a UPSC Civil services examination conducted for top posts in central government. It includes IAS, IPS, IRS, and other services.
Q. What are the jobs in UPSC?
UPSC conducts examinations for various jobs namely NDA, ISS, IES, IFS, IAS, IPS, Indian engineering service, medical officers, defense services, Assistant Commandants, and other central government services.
Q. Is the UPSC exam tough?
Yes, UPSC is considered one of the toughest exams in India.
Q.How long is the IAS Training Program?
IAS Training currently lasts for 75 weeks including the duration spent at LBSNAA and central government attachments.