List of Neighbouring Countries of India With their Capital and Facts

Neighbouring Countries of India

Do you know what are the neighbouring countries of India? India is the country that is located in southern Asia. India is the second-most populous country in the world after China. India is also the 7th largest country in the world in terms of area.  India is covered by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. India has a total land border of 15,106.7 Km and a coastline of 7,516.6 Km including island territories. Neighbouring countries of Indian include Afghanistan and Pakistan in North-WestChina, Bhutan and Nepal in the north,  Bangladesh in east and Myanmar at far East and. Neighbouring countries of India with sea borders include Sri Lanka in south-east and Maldives in the south-west. In this article, we are providing the list of neighbouring countries of India and details about them. This article will help students in enhancing their general knowledge and will help them in dealing with the questions related to Geography of India.

Neighbouring Countries of India: Bordering States

There are a total of 9 neighbouring countries of India out of which 7 share their land borders. The list of states that share the borders with respective countries is given below.

Neighbouring Country Bordering States
Pakistan Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan
Afghanistan Jammu and Kashmir (POK Part)
China Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh
Nepal Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttrakhand
Bhutan Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and West Bengal
Bangladesh West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Assam
Myanmar Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland
Srilanka [Sea border] An island nation in the Indian Ocean, southeast of the Indian subcontinent
Maldives [Sea Border] An island country in the Indian Ocean, South Asia, south-southwest of India.

Here is the detailed list of neighbouring countries of India including all India border countries:

  1. Pakistan

Pakistan is located to the west of India and one of the India border countries. Pakistan has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. The total land area of Pakistan is 7,96,095 sq km. The Indian states which share border with Pakistan include Gujarat, Rajasthan and Punjab and Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan separated from  Indian after India got its independence from British rule. Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on August 14, 1947. After the Independence, Pakistan was formed into two territories i.e. East Pakistan and West Pakistan. These two territories were geographically and culturally apart from each other. After a long conflict between these two, in 1971 a civil war occurred, in the result of which Bangladesh was formed. West Pakistan lying on the northwest of India became the Republic of Pakistan and East Pakistan became Bangladesh.

Some Important Fact About Pakistan
President Arif Alvi
Prime Minister Imran Khan
Official languages Urdu, English
State/ Provinces 4 Provinces
Capital Islamabad
Currency Pakistani Rupee
National Game Field Hockey
National Bird Chukar partridge
National Fruit Mango(Summer), Guava (Winter)
National Tree Deodar
National Anthem Quami Taranah
Highest peak K2
Longest river Indus River
Religion Islam
Parliament National Assembly (342 seats)
Border Radcliffe Line

 

2. Afghanistan

Afghanistan, also known the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in Central Asia. Total land area of Afghanistan spreads across 6,52,230 sq km and known. Islam is the predominant religion in the country and the major dependence of the country’s economy is on Agriculture. Countries near India includes industrial activities in Afghanistan include the manufacturing of cotton textile, woolens, woven carpets, and handicrafts. Pakistan occupied Kashmir shares border with Afghanistan.

Some Important Fact About Afghanistan
President  Ashraf Ghani
Parliament Wolesi Jirga (Lower House) (250 members)
Official languages Dari and Pashto
State/ Provinces 34 Provinces
Capital and largest city Kabul
Currency Afghan afghani
National Game Buzkashi
National Bird Grey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National Fruit Prunus persica
National Tree Afghan Pine
National animal Snow Leopard
Border Durand Line

3. China

The people’s Republic of China is located in East Asia and another India border countries. It is the most populous country in the world and also the 4th largest country in the world. The President of China is the head of the state. China lies to the north of India. Indian states that share their borders with China are ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. China is one of the fastest-growing economies of the world. Both countries are connected by the Silk Road initiative and the exchange of Buddhism religion.

Some Important Fact About China
President  Xi Jinping
Official languages Mandarin
State/ Provinces 26 Provinces
Capital Beijing
Currency Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National Game Table Tennis
National Bird Red-crowned crane
National Fruit Kiwifruit
National Tree Maidenhair tree
National Flower Blue water lily
National animal Giant Panda
Longest river Yangtze River
Boundaries Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh
Parliament National Assembly (2980 members)
Border McMahon Line

 

4. Nepal

Nepal, officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country. Nepal is located to the north of India. In terms of area, Nepal is the 93rd largest country in terms of land with an area of 1,47,181 sq km. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu which is also the largest city in the country. Nepal has eight of the ten tallest mountains in the world world, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest. Tourism is one of the biggestest contributor to the country’s economy. Nepal shares border with UttarakhandUttar PradeshSikkimWest Bengal and Bihar.

Some Important Fact About Nepal
President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli
Official languages Nepali
State/ Provinces 7 Provinces
Capital and largest city Kathmandu
Currency Nepalese rupee
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
National Animal Cow
National Tree Ficus religiosa
National Flower Rhododendron
Highest peak Mount Everest
Longest river Karnali
Parliament The National Assembly (275 seats)

 

5. Bhutan

Bhutan is situated to the north of India. It is officially known as The Kingdom of Bhutan and shares a border with the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam and West Bengal. It is also landlocked country and has an area of 38,394 sq km. Capital of Bhutan is Thimphu. The country has a constitutional monarchy. The major contributors to the economy of the country are Hydropower, agriculture, forestry, and tourism. Bhutan is the smallest neighboring country of India.

Some Important Fact About Bhutan
Name of king Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
Monarch  Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime Minister Lotay Tshering
Upper house National Council
Official languages Dzongkha
State/ Provinces 20 states
Capital and largest city Thimphu
Currency Ngultrum (BTN)
National Animal Takin
National Bird  The Raven
National Game Archery
National Tree Cypress(Tsenden)
National Flower Blue poppy
Religion  77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower house National Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats

 

6. Bangladesh

Bangladesh officially called the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is situated in South Asia. Neighbours of India, Bangladesh shares one of the longest borders in the world. Capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. Indian states of Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, and West Bengal share their border of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the eighth-most populous country in the world (161 million) and also one of the most densely-populated countries in the world. Bangladesh was initially a part of Pakistan and was known as East Pakistan but after the 1971 Liberation War took place, it gained independence.

Some Important Fact About Bangladesh
President Abdul Hamid
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Official languages Bengali
State/ Provinces 8 Provinces
Capital Dhaka
Currency Bangladeshi taka
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Oriental Magpie-Robin
National Fruit Jackfruit(kathal)
National Tree Mango Tree
National animal Royal Bengal tiger
Highest peak Keokradong
Longest river Surma
Religion 70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
Parliament Jatiyo Shangsad (Bengali) and House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)
Border Radcliffe Line

 

7. Myanmar

Myanmar, officially known as The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is situated in East Asia. One of the neighbours of India Myanmar shares its border with the Indian states of Nagaland, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur. Myanmar has an area of  6,76,578 sq km and is the largest of the Mainland Southeast Asian states. Naypyidaw is the capital of Myanmar. The country is governed by the presidential republic with a bicameral legislature. The head of the state is the president of the country.

Some Important Fact About Myammar
President Win Myint
Prime Minister Aung San Suu Kyi
National anthem Kaba Ma Kyei
Official languages Burmese
National animal Tiger
Capital and largest city Naypyidaw
Currency Burmese Kyat
National Game Caneball
National Bird Grey Peacock-Pheasant
National Fruit Padauk
National Tree Green Peafowl
Parliament The House of Representatives (440 seats)
Highest peak Hkakabo Razi
Longest river Irrawaddy River
Famous festivals Thingyan, Kasone, Nayon

 

8. Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka officially known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka lies near the southern area of India and is separated by Palk Strait. Sri Lanka has two capital, the commercial capital of the country is Colombo where on the other hand Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is its legislative capital of the country. The president is the chief of state and the head of government in the country.  It is located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. Being an island nation, Sri Lanka is a choice of many and makes a pleasant tourist destination in the world.

Some Important Fact About Sri Lanka
President Gotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime Minister Mahindra Rajapaksa
Chief Justice Jayantha Jayasuriya
Official languages Sinhala,Tamil
State/ Provinces 9 states
Capital and largest city Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Ceylon (Jungle Fowl)
National Fruit Jackfruit
National Tree Ironwood
National Flower Blue water lily
Highest peak Pidurutalagala
Longest river Mahaweli
Religion 70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
Parliament Parliamenthua (225 seats)
Famous festivals Sinhala and Tamil New Year, Vesak, Poson Festival, Kandy Esala Perahera, Kataragama Festival, Vel Festival, Deepavali

 

9. Maldives

Maldives is an island nation situated in the southwest of India officially the Republic of Maldives. Area wise it is one of the smallest countries in the world. It is spread over 298 sq km only.  Maldives has more than a thousand coral islands. Maldives is a presidential republic and the president is the head of the state. The capital of Maldives is Male.

Some Important Fact About Maldives
President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Parliament People’s Majlis
Official languages Dhivehi
State/ Provinces 1 Only
Capital and largest city Male
Currency Maldivian Rufiyaa
National Game Football
National Bird White-breasted Waterhen
National Fruit Coconut
National Tree Coconut Tree
National animal Yellowfin Tuna

Neighbouring Countries of India & their Capitals

The capitals of all neighbouring countries of India are given below. Here is the list of neighbouring countries of India & their capitals:-

Neighbouring Country Capitals
Pakistan Islamabad
Afghanistan Kabul
China Beijing
Nepal Kathmandu
Bhutan Thimphu
Bangladesh Dhaka
Myanmar Naypyidaw
Srilanka [Sea border] Colombo & Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Maldives [Sea Border] Malé

 

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