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Home Articles List of All Prime Ministers of India; Eligibility, Selection Process and Responsibilities

List of All Prime Ministers of India; Eligibility, Selection Process and Responsibilities

Prime Minister of India is the head of the ruling central government. In 72 years of independence, India has got its 19 Prime Minister. The list of all the Prime Ministers of India has been provided here:

Prime Minister of India is the head of the ruling central government. All the effective executive power rests with the Council of Ministers that is headed by the prime minister. Prime Minister is chosen by the majority party or coalition in the Lok Sabha (lower house of parliament) and is formally appointed by the president.

Prime Minister of India determines the dates of its meetings and programs for the Parliament session. He also decides when the house has to be prorogued or dissolved. As a chief spokesman, he makes the announcement of principal government policies and answers questions on then. The list of all the Prime Ministers of India has been given below:

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Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for the position of the Prime Minister of India, a person should:

  • Be a citizen of India.
  • Be a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha.
  • Complete 25 years of age if he is a member of the Lok Sabha or 30 years if he is a member of the Rajya Sabha.

A person cannot be the Prime Minister of India if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India, the government of any state, or any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said governments.

Selection Process

The Constitution states that the President of India should appoint the leader of the party or alliance which is in majority in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister of India. In case no party or alliance enjoys majority, the President appoints the leader of the largest party or alliance as the Prime Minister. He has to win the confidence vote in the Lower House of the Parliament as early as possible. A member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha can be appointed as the Prime Minister. If he is not a member of either House of the Parliament then he has to be elected to either House within six months of his appointment. As the Prime Minister, he is the Leader of the House of which he is a member.

Roles and Responsibilities

The roles and responsibilities of the Prime Minister are as follows:

  • Link between President and Council of Ministers
  • Allocation of Portfolios
  • In-Charge of Ministries
  • Leader of the Cabinet
  • Link between the Parliament and the Cabinet
  • Official Representative

Salary

According to Article 75 of the Constitution of India, the salary of the Prime Minister is decided by the Parliament and revised from time to time. As on 31 July 2012 the monthly pay and allowances of the Prime Minister of India was Rs. 1,60,000.

Former Prime Ministers of India are provided with:

  • Rent-free accommodation for lifetime.
  • Medical facilities, 14 secretarial staff, office expenses against actual expenditure, six domestic executive-class flight tickets, and unlimited
  • free train travels for first five years.
  • SPG cover for one year.

After five years: One personal assistant and peon, free air and train tickets and Rs. 6,000 for office expenses.

Term and Retirement age

Prime Minister does not have a fixed tenure. The full term of the Prime Minister is five years, which coincides with the normal life of the Lok Sabha. However, the term can end sooner if he loses the vote of confidence in the Lower House. The Prime Minister can also resign by writing to the President. There are no term limits on the office of the Prime Minister. There is also no official retirement age.

FAQs

Q. What is the minimum age limit for someone to be the president of India?

Ans. Candidate must 25 years of age if he/she is a member of the Lok Sabha or 30 years if he/she is a member of the Rajya Sabha.

Q. Who appoints the Prime Minister?

Ans. The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Q. What is the retirement age of Prime Minister?

Ans. There are no term limits on the office of the Prime Minister. There is also no official retirement age.

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