Quit India Movement Day: The Call For ‘Do or Die’
Causes behind the Quit India Movement
- Indian nationalists were angry that British Governor-General of India, Lord Linlithgow, brought India into the World war II without consultation with them.
- British sent Cripps Mission to get the cooperation of nationalists which failed and the congress rejected the Cripps plan.
- No self-rule was given by the Britishers to India and hence, it led to Quit India movement.
Events occurred during the Quit India movement
- Congress politicians including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Vallabhbhai Patel were arrested by the British Government.
- The Britishers had the support of the Viceroy’s Council (which had a majority of Indians), of the All India Muslim League, the princely states, the Indian Imperial Police, the British Indian Army and the Indian Civil Service.
- The only outside support came from the Americans, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressured Prime Minister Winston Churchill to give in to some of the Indian demands.
- The Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha opposed to the Quit India Movement.
- Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) refused to join in the Quit India Movement.
- Congress members heeding Gandhi’s call resigned from provincial legislatures.