National Panchayati Raj Day: History and its Significance

The Ministry of Panchayati Raj organizes the National Panchayati Raj day or the National Local Self Government Day. After the approval of 73rd Amendment bill, 1992 that came into force from April 24, 1993, formed the Panchayati Raj system across the country through the village, intermediate and district-level panchayat celebrates the National Panchayati Raj Day.  India observed the first National Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April 2010. The then Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh initiated for this nationwide celebration for the local self-government day. This year also Prime Minister Narendra Modi will interact with Gram Panchayats via video conferencing.

History

India, as we all know, is a very large country and also the world’s largest democracy. Due to the high population and large area, the person who is at the highest post in the state is unable to get the ground reality of the problems faced by the people of rural areas. Due to this reason, it was decided that the power of democracy must remain decentralised. To fulfill this requirement, a committee was constituted in 1957 under the chairmanship of Balwantrai Mehta. The so formed committee recommended for the decentralization of the power of democracy. Hence the concept of Panchayati Raj was constituted in India for the first time in history.

Significance

The biggest aspect of National Panchayati Raj day is that the political power is in the hands of common men. Now almost every village, block and district has a separate leader that runs the administration of that particular territory. To supervise the Panchayati Raj System in India, a separate Ministry of Panchayati Raj was constituted on 27th May 2004.

Through the three tiers system of the local self-government, the government of India focuses on the effective implementation of various rural activities that will benefit the lakhs of its rural population. The three tiers of the Panchayat system in India are Village Panchayat, Block panchayat or the Mandal Samithi and Zilla Parishad or the District Panchayat.  The Central government also felicitates 170 Panchayati Raj institutions on the National Panchayati Raj Day each year. It awards the three-tier panchayats with the ‘Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar’ for their exemplary work under the Panchayat Empowerment Accountability Incentive Scheme. The best performers will be felicitated with the ‘Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar’.

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