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Countries and Capitals, Alphabetical List of World Countries and Capitals

Countries and Capitals

Countries and Capitals: Our world is segmented into seven distinct continents, which together are home to a grand total of 195 nations. A significant majority, precisely 193 of these countries, are affiliated members of the United Nations, an organization that strives for international peace and cooperation. However, two entities, the Holy See and the State of Palestine, hold a unique status as non-member observer states, signifying their recognition without full member privileges within the UN assembly.

Countries and their Capitals

Countries and their Capitals: Out of the 7 continents, Antarctica is situated at the South Pole and is uninhabited. Hence, the other 6 continents consist of 195 countries in the world. Asia is the largest continent area-wise with the largest population whereas Africa is the continent with the most number of countries in the world.

Country, Capital and Currency

List of Country, Capital and Currency is the most important topic for the General Awareness section of every competitive exam. This topic comes under the Static GK which can be asked in the government competitive exams for 3 to marks at least. In SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, UPSC, RRB, etc. the questions can be asked from this section. Candidates must keep themselves prepared for the important and scoring topic of Capital and Currencies. The competition is very tough in competitive exams so one single correct answer can help you to score more and make a huge difference in your overall score. Try to cover the information about the countries in the news recently. We are providing you with the complete list of all the countries in the world along with their capitals and currencies.

What is a Continent?

continent is any of several large areas or regions or land also referred to as landmasses. There are seven continents in the world. We have listed below the seven continents situated on the earth. Asia has the highest population with approx 4.4 billion people living on the continent alone. Africa contains 54 countries containing about 27% of the world’s total countries.

  1. Africa
  2. Asia
  3. Australia
  4. Europe
  5. North America
  6. South America
  7. Antarctica

Check out the complete list of Indian states and capitals

Why do all Countries have Capital?

You may wonder why do countries need capital in the first place. What is the importance of having a capital city? The word ‘capital’ is derived from the Latin caput, meaning ‘head’. The capital of a country acts as the head of the state. It is the prime center for all government-related services or offices. The administration of the country is generally controlled by the people sitting in the capital which symbolizes power.

Nauru is the only country in the world without an official capital. It was once known as Pleasant Island. It is the third smallest country by area and the second smallest by population. But Yaren is considered to be the capital city of Nauru. Yaren is a district where most of the important buildings are located.

Let’s take a look at the continent-wise list of countries and their capitals in alphabetical order. Countries vary largely based on demographics and other factors. 

What Are The Largest States In India? Check Complete List

Countries with more than one Capital

Some countries consist of more than one capital. The below table contains the details of those countries.

Country Capital Details Continent
Bolivia Sucre Constitutional capital South America
La Paz Executive capital
Eswatini Mbabane Administrative capital Africa
Lobamba Legislative (Parliament) and royal capital
South Africa Pretoria Administrative and executive capita Africa
Cape Town Legislative capital (Parliament)
Bloemfontein Judicial capital

Putrajaya Administrative Capital Asia
Kuala Lumpur Executive capital (Parliament)

Countries, Capitals and Currency of Africa

Africa is the world’s second-largest continent by area and population. It contains approx 54 countries in total. The continent is among the least wealthy due to the legacies of European colonization. The largest country in Africa by area is Algeria and Nigeria is its largest by population. Check out the list of African countries and their capitals:

Country Capital city Currency
Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar
Angola Luanda Angolan kwanza
Benin Porto-Novo West African CFA franc
Botswana Gaborone Botswana pula
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA franc
Burundi Gitega Burundian franc
Cabo Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo
Cameroon Yaounde Central African CFA franc
Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA franc
Chad N’Djamena Central African CFA franc
Comoros Moroni Comorian franc
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Congolese franc
Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville Congolese franc
Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro West African CFA franc
Djibouti Djibouti (city) Djiboutian franc
Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound
Equatorial Guinea Malabo (de jure), Oyala (seat of government) Central African CFA franc
Eritrea Asmara Eritrean nakfa
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal) Swazi lilangeni
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ethiopian Birr
Gabon Libreville CFA franc
Gambia Banjul Dalasi
Ghana Accra Ghanaian cedi
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc
Guinea-Bissau Bissau CFA franc
Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling
Lesotho Maseru Loti
Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy ariary
Malawi Lilongwe Malawian kwacha
Mali Bamako CFA franc
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee
Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham
Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical
Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar
Niger Niamey CFA franc
Nigeria Abuja Naira
Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc
Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé Dobra
Senegal Dakar CFA franc
Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee
Sierra Leone Freetown Sierra Leonean
Somalia Mogadishu Shilling
South Africa Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial) South African rand
South Sudan Juba South Sudanese Pound
Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound
Tanzania Dodoma Tanzanian shilling
Togo Lomé CFA franc
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar
Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling
Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar

Countries and Capitals of Asia

Asia is the largest and the most populous continent in the world. It constitutes roughly 60% of the world’s population. Asia has been the site for many first civilizations of humans. It is subdivided into 49 countries with its distinctive features. India and China are the major economies of Asia contributing to the world GDP. Take a look at all Asian countries along with their capitals:

Country Capital city Currency
Afghanistan Kabul Afghan afghani
Armenia Yerevan Armenian dram
Azerbaijan Baku Azerbaijani manat
Bahrain Manama Bahraini dinar
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka
Bhutan Thimphu Bhutanese ngultrum
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar
Cambodia Phnom Penh Cambodian riel
China Beijing Renminbi (Yuan)
Cyprus Nicosia Euro
Georgia Tbilisi Lari
India New Delhi Indian rupee
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Iranian rial
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi dinar
Israel Jerusalem Israeli new shekel
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan Kazakhstani tenge
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstani som
Laos Vientiane Lao kip
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit
Maldives Male Maldivian rufiyaa
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongolian togrog
Myanmar (formerly Burma) Naypyidaw Kyat
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee
North Korea Pyongyang North Korean won
Oman Muscat Omani rial
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani rupee
Palestine Jerusalem (East) Palestine pound
Philippines Manila Philippine peso
Qatar Doha Qatari riyal
Russia Moscow Russian ruble
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Saudi riyal
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar
South Korea Seoul South Korean won
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Sri Lankan rupee
Syria Damascus Syrian pound
Taiwan Taipei New Taiwan dollar
Tajikistan Dushanbe Somoni
Thailand Bangkok Baht
Timor-Leste Dili US dollar
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmen new manat
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE dirham
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistan som
Vietnam Hanoi Dong
Yemen Sana’a Yemeni rial


Countries and Capitals of Australia

Australia also known as the Commonwealth of Australia consists of mainland Australia, Tasmania, and various other smaller islands. Mainland Australia is the 6th largest country in the world with Sydney being its largest city. It is a highly developed country with a high-income economy. Check out the list of countries with capitals under the Australian continent.

Country Capital city Currency
Australia Canberra Australian dollar
Fiji Suva Fiji dollar
Kiribati Tarawa Australian dollar
Marshall Islands Majuro US dollar
Micronesia Palikir US dollar
Nauru Yaren District (de facto) Australian dollar
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand dollar
Palau Ngerulmud US dollar
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina
Samoa Apia Tala
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands Dollar
Tonga Nukuʻalofa Pa’anga
Tuvalu Funafuti Australian dollar
Vanuatu Port Vila Vatu

Countries and Capitals of Europe

Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and Asia to the east. Check out the list of all European countries along with their capitals given below:

Country Capital city Currency
Albania Tirana Albanian Lek
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro
Armenia Yerevan Armenian dram
Austria Vienna Euro
Azerbaijan Baku Azerbaijani manat
Belarus Minsk Belarusian ruble
Belgium Brussels Euro
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
Bulgaria Sofia Bulgarian Lev
Croatia Zagreb Croatian kuna
Cyprus Nicosia Cypriot pound
Czechia Prague Czech koruna
Denmark Copenhagen Danish Krone
Estonia Tallinn Euro
Finland Helsinki Euro
France Paris Euro
Germany Berlin Euro
Gibraltar Gibraltar Pound sterling
Greece Athens Euro
Hungary Budapest Hungarian forint
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic krona
Ireland Dublin Euro
Italy Rome Euro
Kosovo Pristina Euro
Latvia Riga Euro
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc
Lithuania Vilnius Euro
Luxembourg Luxembourg (city) Euro
Malta Valletta Euro
Moldova Chisinau Moldovan leu
Monaco Monaco Euro
Montenegro Podgorica Euro
Netherlands Amsterdam Euro
Norway Oslo Norwegian krone
Poland Warsaw Polish zloty
Portugal Lisbon Euro
Romania Bucharest Fourth Romanian leu
Russia Moscow Russian ruble
San Marino San Marino Euro
Serbia Belgrade Serbian dinar
Slovakia Bratislava Euro
Slovenia Ljubljana Euro
Spain Madrid Euro
Sweden Stockholm Swedish krona
Switzerland Bern Swiss franc
Ukraine Kyiv (also known as Kiev) Ukrainian hryvnia
United Kingdom London Pound sterling
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City Euro

North America: Country, Capital and Currency

23 countries come under the North American continent. It contains the United States of America, the largest economy in the world. Check out the list of countries situated in North America along with their capitals.

Country Capital city Currency
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s East Caribbean dollar
Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar
Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar
Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar
Costa Rica San Jose Costa Rican colon
Cuba Havana Cuban peso
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean Dollar
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican peso
El Salvador San Salvador United States dollar
Grenada Saint George’s East Caribbean Dollar
Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal
Haiti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde
Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar
Mexico Mexico City Mexican peso
Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan Cordoba
Panama Panama City Panamanian balboa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean Dollar
Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean Dollar
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean Dollar
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago Dollar
United States of America Washington, D.C. United States dollar

Countries and Capitals of South America

South America lies below North America and is relatively smaller in size. It is the fourth largest continent in the world. There are 12 countries in South America. Check out the list of countries with their capitals.

Country Capital city Currency
Argentina Buenos Aires Argentine peso
Bolivia Sucre (de jure), La Paz (seat of government) Bolivian Boliviano
Brazil Brasilia Brazilian real
Chile Santiago Chilean peso
Colombia Bogotá Colombian peso
Ecuador Quito United states dollar
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar
Paraguay Asunción Paraguayan guarani
Peru Lima Peruvian Nuevo sol
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese dollar
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguayan peso
Venezuela Caracas Venezuelan bolivar


Countries and Capital, Alphabetical List of World Countries_4.1

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Q. Which is the least populated country in the world?

Ans: Vatican city

Q. Which is the smallest country in the world?

Ans: Vatican City is the smallest country in the world.

Q. Which is the largest country in the world?

Ans: Russia is the largest country in the world.

Q. Which is the country with the highest population?

Ans: China is the country with the highest population.

Q. Which is the country with the longest coastline?

Ans: Canada has the largest coastline.

Q. How many countries are there in the world?

Ans: There are 195 countries in the world.

Q. Which country has three capital?

Ans: South Africa has 3 capitals viz. Pretoria, Cape Town, and Bloemfontein

Q. Do continents have capitals?

Ans: Continents don't have capitals. But Australia is a country and also a continent. So, it had a capital.

Are there 204 countries?

There are a total of 195 countries in the world, of which 193 are UN member states while 2 are non-member observer states - the Vatican and Palestine

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