Countries and Capitals
Countries and Capitals: The world is divided into 7 continents comprising 195 countries out of which 193 countries are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states i.e. the Holy See and the State of Palestine. There are seven continents in the world which are Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America, and Antarctica.
Countries and their Capitals
Countries and their Capitals: Out of the 7 continents, Antarctica is situated at the South Pole and is uninhabited. Hence, the other 6 continents consist of 195 countries in the world. Asia is the largest continent area-wise with the largest population whereas Africa is the continent with the most number of countries in the world.
Country, Capital, and Currency
List of Country, Capital, and Currency is the most important topic for the General Awareness section of every competitive exam. This topic comes under the Static GK which can be asked in the government competitive exams for 3 to marks at least. In SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, UPSC, RRB, etc. the questions can be asked from this section. Candidates must keep themselves prepared for the important and scoring topic of Capital and Currencies. The competition is very tough in competitive exams so one single correct answer can help you to score more and make a huge difference in your overall score. Try to cover the information about the countries in the news recently. We are providing you with the complete list of all the countries in the world along with their capitals and currencies.
What is a Continent?
A continent is any of several large areas or regions or land also referred to as landmasses. There are seven continents in the world. We have listed below the seven continents situated on the earth. Asia has the highest population with approx 4.4 billion people living on the continent alone. Africa contains 54 countries containing about 27% of the world’s total countries.
- North America
- South America
Why do all Countries have Capital?
You may wonder why do countries need capital in the first place. What is the importance of having a capital city? The word ‘capital’ is derived from the Latin caput, meaning ‘head’. The capital of a country acts as the head of the state. It is the prime center for all government-related services or offices. The administration of the country is generally controlled by the people sitting in the capital which symbolizes power.
Nauru is the only country in the world without an official capital. It was once known as Pleasant Island. It is the third smallest country by area and the second smallest by population. But Yaren is considered to be the capital city of Nauru. Yaren is a district where most of the important buildings are located.
Let’s take a look at the continent-wise list of countries and their capitals in alphabetical order. Countries vary largely based on demographics and other factors.
Countries with more than one Capital
Some countries consist of more than one capital. The below table contains the details of those countries.
|Bolivia||Sucre||Constitutional capital||South America|
|La Paz||Executive capital|
|Lobamba||Legislative (Parliament) and royal capital|
|South Africa||Pretoria||Administrative and executive capita||Africa|
|Cape Town||Legislative capital (Parliament)|
|Kuala Lumpur||Executive capital (Parliament)|
Countries, Capitals and Currency of Africa
Africa is the world’s second-largest continent by area and population. It contains approx 54 countries in total. The continent is among the least wealthy due to the legacies of European colonization. The largest country in Africa by area is Algeria and Nigeria is its largest by population. Check out the list of African countries and their capitals:
|Benin||Porto-Novo||West African CFA franc|
|Burkina Faso||Ouagadougou||West African CFA franc|
|Cabo Verde||Praia||Cape Verdean escudo|
|Cameroon||Yaounde||Central African CFA franc|
|Central African Republic||Bangui||Central African CFA franc|
|Chad||N’Djamena||Central African CFA franc|
|Congo, Democratic Republic of the||Kinshasa||Congolese franc|
|Congo, Republic of the||Brazzaville||Congolese franc|
|Cote d’Ivoire||Yamoussoukro||West African CFA franc|
|Djibouti||Djibouti (city)||Djiboutian franc|
|Equatorial Guinea||Malabo (de jure), Oyala (seat of government)||Central African CFA franc|
|Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)||Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal)||Swazi lilangeni|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||Ethiopian Birr|
|Mauritius||Port Louis||Mauritian rupee|
|Sao Tome and Principe||São Tomé||Dobra|
|Sierra Leone||Freetown||Sierra Leonean|
|South Africa||Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)||South African rand|
|South Sudan||Juba||South Sudanese Pound|
Countries and Capitals of Asia
Asia is the largest and the most populous continent in the world. It constitutes roughly 60% of the world’s population. Asia has been the site for many first civilizations of humans. It is subdivided into 49 countries with its distinctive features. India and China are the major economies of Asia contributing to the world GDP. Take a look at all Asian countries along with their capitals:
|Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan||Brunei dollar|
|Cambodia||Phnom Penh||Cambodian riel|
|India||New Delhi||Indian rupee|
|Israel||Jerusalem||Israeli new shekel|
|Kuwait||Kuwait City||Kuwaiti dinar|
|Myanmar (formerly Burma)||Naypyidaw||Kyat|
|North Korea||Pyongyang||North Korean won|
|Palestine||Jerusalem (East)||Palestine pound|
|Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Saudi riyal|
|South Korea||Seoul||South Korean won|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte||Sri Lankan rupee|
|Taiwan||Taipei||New Taiwan dollar|
|Turkmenistan||Ashgabat||Turkmen new manat|
|United Arab Emirates||Abu Dhabi||UAE dirham|
Countries and Capitals of Australia
Australia also known as the Commonwealth of Australia consists of mainland Australia, Tasmania, and various other smaller islands. Mainland Australia is the 6th largest country in the world with Sydney being its largest city. It is a highly developed country with a high-income economy. Check out the list of countries with capitals under the Australian continent.
|Marshall Islands||Majuro||US dollar|
|Nauru||Yaren District (de facto)||Australian dollar|
|New Zealand||Wellington||New Zealand dollar|
|Papua New Guinea||Port Moresby||Kina|
|Solomon Islands||Honiara||Solomon Islands Dollar|
Countries and Capitals of Europe
Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and Asia to the east. Check out the list of all European countries along with their capitals given below:
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella||Euro|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark|
|Romania||Bucharest||Fourth Romanian leu|
|San Marino||San Marino||Euro|
|Ukraine||Kyiv (also known as Kiev)||Ukrainian hryvnia|
|United Kingdom||London||Pound sterling|
|Vatican City (Holy See)||Vatican City||Euro|
North America: Country, Capital and Currency
23 countries come under the North American continent. It contains the United States of America, the largest economy in the world. Check out the list of countries situated in North America along with their capitals.
|Antigua and Barbuda||Saint John’s||East Caribbean dollar|
|Costa Rica||San Jose||Costa Rican colon|
|Dominica||Roseau||East Caribbean Dollar|
|Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo||Dominican peso|
|El Salvador||San Salvador||United States dollar|
|Grenada||Saint George’s||East Caribbean Dollar|
|Guatemala||Guatemala City||Guatemalan quetzal|
|Mexico||Mexico City||Mexican peso|
|Panama||Panama City||Panamanian balboa|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre||East Caribbean Dollar|
|Saint Lucia||Castries||East Caribbean Dollar|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown||East Caribbean Dollar|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Port of Spain||Trinidad and Tobago Dollar|
|United States of America||Washington, D.C.||United States dollar|
Countries and Capitals of South America
South America lies below North America and is relatively smaller in size. It is the fourth largest continent in the world. There are 12 countries in South America. Check out the list of countries with their capitals.
|Argentina||Buenos Aires||Argentine peso|
|Bolivia||Sucre (de jure), La Paz (seat of government)||Bolivian Boliviano|
|Ecuador||Quito||United states dollar|
|Peru||Lima||Peruvian Nuevo sol|
Countries and Capitals – FAQs
Q. Which is the least populated country in the world?
Ans: Vatican city
Q. Which is the smallest country in the world?
Ans: Vatican City is the smallest country in the world.
Q. Which is the largest country in the world?
Ans: Russia is the largest country in the world.
Q. Which is the country with the highest population?
Ans: China is the country with the highest population.
Q. Which is the country with the longest coastline?
Ans: Canada has the largest coastline.
Q. How many countries are there in the world?
Ans: There are 195 countries in the world.
Q. Which country has three capital?
Ans: South Africa has 3 capitals viz. Pretoria, Cape Town, and Bloemfontein
Q. Do continents have capitals?