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WBCS Syllabus 2023-24 and Exam Pattern, Download Syllabus PDF

WBCS Syllabus 2023: The West Bengal Public Service Commission will be organizing the WBCS Exam 2023. Before applying for this WBCS recruitment, candidates must have the knowledge regarding the WBCS Syllabus 2023 and Exam Pattern. Candidates who have applied for the WBCS Exam can get the detailed knowledge of the WBCS Syllabus 2023 and Exam Pattern from this Article. This will help you to better prepare for the WBCS Exam.

WBCS Syllabus 2023

WBCS Exam is conducted by the West Bengal Public Service Commission and WBCS exams are held in three levels:

  1. Preliminary
  2. Mains
  3. Interview

WBCS Prelims exam considers only one paper of General Studies, WBCS Mains Exam consists of six mandatory papers and there is one optional subject with two papers. Only those candidates who apply for the optional subject who appear for the Group A and Group B posts. WBCS Mains exam consists of six subjects out of which four are Objective types and other two papers will be Descriptive type.

WBCS Syllabus 2024 for Preliminary Exam

WBCS Preliminary Exam is an Objective type exam, which includes 200 Multiple Choice Questions and it is based on eight topics/ subjects. Each topic/ subject contains 25 marks.

The main motive of the Prelims Exam is screening of candidates, these marks are not added on final selection. The time duration for this exam is 2 hours.

Here we discussed the detailed information on the eight topics which are considered in WBCS Preliminary Syllabus are:

S. No.                       Name of Topics               Name of Sub-topics
1. English Composition
  • Vocabulary Test
  • Synonyms and Antonyms
  • One – word Substitution
  • Idioms and Phrases
  • Phrasal verbs
  • Homophones
  • Fill in the blanks with correct part of speech
2. General Science
  • General Appreciation
  • Matters of everyday observation
  • Understanding of sciences
  • Experience as expected from an educated person not having made special studies of scientific disciplines.
3. Current Events Of National and International Importance
  • Significant events affecting India and its relations with the world.
4. History of India
  • Ancient
  • Medievel
  • Modern
5. Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal
  • Physical Geography
  • Social Geography
  • Economic Geography
6. Indian Polity and Economy
  • Indian Economy
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Constitutional Bodies, etc
7. Indian National Movement
  • Nature and character of Nineteenth-Century Resurgence
  • Growth of Nationalism
  • Attainment of Independence
8. General Mental Ability
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Common Aptitude

WBCS Preliminary Exam Pattern

WBCS Preliminary Exam Pattern includes the number of total Questions, time duration, marks for each topic/ subject and the name of the topic. 10% marks will be deducted if the candidate discloses his/her identity by writing his/her roll number/name. All the information regarding the Preliminary Exam Pattern is given below:

Name of the Subject Total Marks Total Number of Questions Duration
English Composition 25 25 2 Hours
General Science 25 25
Current events of National & International importance 25 25
History of India 25 25
Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal 25 25
Indian Polity and Economy 25 25
Indian National Movement 25 25
General Mental Ability 25 25
Total 200 200 2 Hours

WBCS Syllabus 2023 for Mains Exam

Candidates who clear the WBCS Prelims Exam only they will be qualify for the next stage i.e. Mains Exam. There are six compulsory papers in WBCS Mains Exam and one optional subject which includes two papers. The time duration will be 3 hours to complete each paper.

The table which is given helps you to understand clearly the WBCS Mains Exam Syllabus:

Number of Paper                 Subject Name                                       Topics
Paper 1 Bengali/ Hindi/ Urdu/ Nepali/ Santali
  • Letter Writing of 150 words
  • Drafting of Report of 200 words
  • Precis Writing
  • Composition
  • Translation from English to Bengali/ Hindi/ Urdu/ Nepali/ Santali
Paper 2 English
  • Letter Writing in 150 words
  • Drafting of Report in 200 words
  • Precis Writing
  • Composition
  • Translation from Bengali/ Hindi/ Urdu/ Nepali/ Santali to English
Paper 3 General Studies – 1
  • Indian History with an emphasis on National Movement
  • Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal
Paper 4 General Studies – 2
  • Science and Scientific & Technological advancement
  • Environment
  • General Knowledge
  • Current Affairs
Paper 5 The Constitution of India and Indian Economy
  • Role of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
  • Functions of RBI
Paper 6 Arithmetic
  • Similar to Mathematics paper at the Madhyamik Examination of the Board of Secondary Education, West Bengal
Analytical Reasoning  Data Sufficiency Logical Reasoning:

  • Logical Deduction
  • Forcefulness of the Arguments
  • Implication of sentences
  • Inferring from diagrams

    Test of Reasoning: Series:

  •  Letter series
  • Number series
  • Inferring from Data
  • Analogy tests
  • Symbol Interpretation
  • Mathematical puzzles
  • Old man out
  • Perception test
  • Non-verbal Reasoning
  • Selecting correct sequence
Paper 7 & Paper 8 Optional Papers
  • Both papers afre based subject selected or opted by candidates

WBCS Syllabus, Optional Subject for Mains Exam

From the last two optional subjects candidates can choose one subject from the 37 subjects. The 37 subjects for the WBCS Syllabus for Mains Exam are as follows:

Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, English, Pali, Arabic, Persian, French, Urdu, Santali, Comparative Literature, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and Accountancy, Computer Science, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law, Mathematics, Management, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physiology, Physics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology.

WBCS Mains Exam Pattern

                Papers Marks
Group ‘A’ Group ‘B’ Group ‘C’ Group ‘D’
Language Paper (Bengali/ Hindi/ Urdu/ Nepali/ Santali) 200 200 200 200
English Paper 200 200 200 200
General Studies – Paper 1 200 200 200 200
General Studies – Paper 2 200 200 200 200
Constitution of India and Indian Economy 200 200 200 200
Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning 200 200 200 200
Optional Subject – (One subject: Two papers of 200 marks each) 400 400 NA NA
Personality Test 200 200 150 100
Total Marks 1800 1800 1350 1300

WBCS Interview

Candidates who clear both the WBCS exam i.e. Prelims and Mains only they will be called for the Interview. The main aim of the WBCS Interview is:

  1. To check the academic knowledge of the candidate
  2. To know how familiar the candidates is with current events.
  3. To understand the thinking ability and analytical skills.


Is Interview round compulsory to clear the WBCS Exam?

Yes, Interview round is compulsory to clear the WBCS Exam.

What is the full form of WBCS?

Full form of WBCS is - West Bengal Civil Services.

Does Prelims marks considered for final selection?

No, because the Prelims is only for screening test.

How many subjects are there for choosing a subject for last two papers?

There are 37 subjects from which the candidate can choose a subject for the last two papers.

What is the time duration of the WBCS Prelims Exam?

The time duration for the WBCS Prelims Exam is 2 hours.