The following questions from the reasoning section have been provided with solutions. The questions are from all the sections of reasoning which can be asked in the SSC CHSL and RRB NTPC.

**Q1. If MOBILITY is coded as 46293927, then EXAMINATION is coded as**

(a) 45038401854

(b) 56149512965

(c) 57159413955

(d) 67250623076

**Directions (2-3): Choose the odd numeral pair/group in each of the following questions:**

**Q2.**

(a) 7 : 18

(b) 9 : 26

(c) 11 : 36

(d) 13 : 42

**Q3.**

(a) 1 (−80) 9

(b) 6 (12) 2

(c) 7 (33) 4

(d) 11 (112) 3

**Q4. In this question, choose that set of numbers from the four alternative sets, that is similar to the given set: (8, 3, 2)**

(a) (10, 6, 5)

(b) (63, 8, 3)

(c) (95, 24, 5)

(d) (168, 15, 4)

**Q5. Find the missing number from the given alternatives?**

**583 : 293 :: 488 : ?**

(a) 291

(b) 378

(c) 487

(d) 581

**Q6. Door is related to Bang in the same way as Chain is related to ……?……**

(a) Thunder

(b) Clinch

(c) Tinkle

(d) Clank

**Q7. Bouquet is related to Flowers in the same way as Sentence is related to ……?……**

(a) Construction

(b) Words

(c) Letters

(d) Paragraph

**Q8. Which of the following combination of letters will complete the below series?**

**b a _ c b _ b _ b a b _**

(a) acbb

(b) bacc

(c) bcaa

(d) cabb

**Q9. Which of the following combination of letters will complete the below series?**

**ejo tyd ins xch ?**

(a) nrw

(b) mrw

(c) msx

(d) nsx

**Q10. Which of the following will not be a number of the series 1, 8, 27, 64, 125, …?**

(a) 256

(b) 512

(c) 729

(d) 1000

**Q11. Which of the following will complete the series?**

**66, 36, 18, ?**

(a) 3

(b) 6

(c) 8

(d) 9

**Q12. It is 3 o’clock in a watch. If the minute hand points towards the North-east, then the hour hand will point towards the**

(a) South

(b) South-west

(c) North-west

(d) South-east

**Q13. Arrange the given words in the alphabetical order and tick the one that comes last.**

(a) External

(b) Extraordinary

(c) Extraction

(d) Extra

**Q14. In this question, arrange the given words in the sequence in which they occur in the dictionary and then choose the correct sequence.**

**1. Intrinsic**

**2. Intrude**

**3. Intricate**

**4. Introvert**

**5. Intrigue**

**6. Introduce**

(a) 3, 5, 1, 4, 6, 2

(b) 3, 5, 1, 6, 4, 2

(c) 3, 1, 5, 4, 6, 2

(d) 5, 1, 3, 2, 4, 6

**Q15. If the letters in the word UNDERTAKING are rearranged in the alphabetical order, which one will be in the middle in order after the rearrangement?**

(a) G

(b) I

(c) K

(d) N

**Solutions**

**S1. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. Let A = 1, B = 2, C = 3, …, X = 24, Y = 25, Z = 26.**

**Then, M = 13 = 1 + 3 = 4;**

**O = 15= 1 + 5 = 6;**

**B = 2; I = 9;**

**L = 12 = 1 + 2 = 3;**

**T = 20 = 2 + 0 = 2;**

**Y = 25 = 2 + 5 = 7.**

**So, MOBILITY = 46293927.**

**Similarly, X = 24 = 2 + 4 = 6;**

**N = 14 = 1 + 4 = 5.**

**So, EXAMINATION = 56149512965.**

**S2. Ans.(c)**

**Sol. In all other pairs, 2nd number = (1st number × 4) – 10.**

**S3. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. In all other groups, the number inside the bracket is difference of the squares of the numbers outside it.**

**S4. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. In each set, 1st number = (2nd number)^2 – 1;**

**and 2nd number = (3rd number)^2 – 1.**

**S5. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. Sum of digits of the first number is 2 more than the sum of digits of the second number.**

**S6. Ans.(d)**

**Sol. Second is the sound made by the first.**

**S7. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. First comprises of the second.**

**S8. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. The series is babc/babc/babc. Thus, the pattern ‘babc’ is repeated.**

**S9. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. There is a gap of four letters between the first and second, the second and third letters of each term, and also between the last letter of a term and the first letter of the next term.**

**S10. Ans.(a)**

**Sol. The given series consists of cubes of natural numbers only. 256 is not the cube of any natural number.**

**S11. Ans.(c)**

**Sol. Each term in the series is the product of the digits of the preceding term.**

**So, missing term = 1 × 8 = 8.**

**S12. Ans.(d)**

**Sol.**

**Clearly, the hour hand points towards South-east.**

**S13. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. External, Extra, Extraction, Extraordinary**

**S14. Ans.(b)**

**Sol. Order according to the dictionary:**

**3. Intricate, 5. Intrigue, 1. Intrinsic, 6. Introduce, 4. Introvert, 2. Intrude**

**S15. Ans.(c)**

**Sol. Arranging the letters in alphabetical order, we have:**

**A D E G I K N N R T U. Clearly, K lies in the middle.**