Known as the 68th day of a calendar year (and the 69th day in a leap year), March 9 has been the focus of a lot of events in history, some of which are:
In the 1700s:
In 1793, the first balloon flight in North America was made by Jean Pierre Blanchard. George Washington, the then President was a witness of the event.
In the 1800s:
- In 1820, the United States Congress passed the Land Act. This gave way to expand North America in the West.
- In 1822, the first patent for artificial teeth was received by Charles M. Graham.
- Later on, in 1832, Abraham Lincoln made the announcement that he would be running for a political office for the very first time.
- In 1860, it was on this day when the first Japanese ambassador to the United States was appointed.
In the 1900s:
- On March 9th 1905, U.S. archaeologist Davies discovered the royal tombs of Tua and Yua in Egypt.
- In 1909, the French National Assembly passed the Income Tax Bill.
- In 1929, Eric Krenz became the first athlete in the world to toss the discus over 160 feet, setting a record.
- In 1931, Ernst Ruska, a German physicist, invented the first-ever electron microscope.
- Later on, in 1932, Eamon De Valera was elected as the President of the Irish Free State. He made a pledge to abolish all loyalty to the British Crown.
- In 1949, the first ever all-electric dining car was put in service on the Illinois Central Railroad.
- In 1951, Ustad Zakir Hussain, the famous Indian Tabla player, was born.
- In 1953, Joseph Stalin’s funeral was held in Moscow. This was after the nation mourned his death for four days.
- In 1959, the Barbie doll went on sale by the American toy company Mattel. More than one billion Barbie dolls have been sold since then.
- On this day in 1961, Laika, the Russian dog, was sent up to orbit the Earth in the spaceship Sputnik II. It never returned back to the earth.
- March 9th, 1964 saw the beginning of production on the first Ford Mustang.
- In 1976, 43 people died in Italy in the deadliest cable car accident in history when their cable car plunged 160 feet to the ground.
- In 1998, on this day, Chess legend Vishwanathan Anand won the Super Grand Master Title.
- In the following year, in 1999, Rabri Devi was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Bihar for the second term.
During 2000s and 2010s:
It was on this day in 2011 when the Space Shuttle Discovery completed its final mission to the International Space Station and touched down at the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida. Also, it was on this day that Pat Quinn, the then Illinois Governor, signed a legislation which thereby abolished the death penalty in his state.
In 2015, Barack Obama, the then U.S. President, signed an executive order which thereby declared that Venezuela was a national security threat to the United States.