What Happened On This Day In History: 23rd March

The struggle of independence

Significance: 23rd March 1929 is etched in Indian history as the day when three exemplary freedom fighters of our nation martyred. It is also known as Shaheed Diwas. Some even call it Sarvodaya Day, this day gets marked as a tribute to the great offsprings of India who have sacrificed their lives for the nation.

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Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Sivaram Rajguru got sentenced and hanged to death for assassinating a British Police officer. Such action by Bhagat Singh was taken to avenge the lathi charge against fellow freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai. 

Importance: The fight led by Bhagat Singh and his associates was significant because they wanted to protest against

  • Trade Dispute Act and Public Safety Bill
  • For better prison conditions

The main aim of the revolutionaries as they got called wanted the British to leave the country and India to gain freedom. Even their last words were ‘Inquilab Zindabad.’

Birth of a noted activist and freedom fighter

Significance: On 23rd March 1919 saw the birth of a feisty woman who went on to become a freedom fighter, politician, and parliamentarian. Subhadra Joshi participated in the Quit India movement and dedicated her life to communal harmony after India’s independence. She was the first woman MP from Punjab. 

Importance: Her contributions to

  • Special marriage act
  • Nationalization of banks
  • Abolition of privy purses
  • Aligarh university amendment act
  • Code of Criminal procedure amendment bill

For her immense contribution, she was awarded the Rajiv Gandhi Sadhbhavana Award.

Birth of a socialist leader in India – Ram Manohar Lohia

Significance: On 23rd March 1910, the birth of a boy has taken place in Akbarpur district of Uttar Pradesh named as Ram Manohar Lohia. After completing his studies from England, he jumped into the freedom struggle for independent India.

Importance: In 1934, he emerged as a socialist leader by sowing the seed of socialism through Congress’ socialist party. He had been a freedom fighter in the famous Quit India Movement. Praja Socialist Party was formed by him in 1952. Throughout his life, India has seen a phase of socialism in Indian politics.

World Meteorological day

Significance: This day is celebrated as the establishment day i.e. 23rd March 1950 for the World Meteorological Organization.

Importance: This day ensures the safety of the people from meteors through the contribution of National Meteorological and Hydraulic services. Many themes for this day reflect problems relating to  water, weather , etc.

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