What Happened On This Day In History: 19th March

March 19th is the 78th day of a calendar year and the 79th day in a leap year. Over the years in history, this day has witnessed many events, some of which are: 

In the 1600s:

  • In 1628, Englishmen founded the Massachusetts colony. 
  • In 1644, 200 members of the imperial family of Peking committed suicide. 

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In the 1700s:

  • In 1702, Anne Stuart, sister of Mary, ascended to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland after succeeding William III of Orange when he died. 
  • In 1775, Prussia and Poland signed a trade agreement. 

In the 1800s:

  • In 1822, the city of Boston was incorporated in Massachusetts. 
  • In 1831, the first bank robbery in America, in the City Bank of New York City was reported. The bank lost $245,000. 
  • On this day in 1865, the Battle of Bentonville took place. 
  • In 1866, the Monarch of the Sea ship sank in Liverpool. 
  • In 1895, the Los Angeles Railway was established. 

In the 1900s:

  • In 1900, the excavation of Knossos Palace began in Greece, under the observation of archaeologist Arthur John Evans. 
  • In 1915, Pluto was photographed for the very first time. 
  • In 1918, an American pilot shot down a German seaplane for the very first time.
  • In 1931, Nevada legalised gambling. 
  • It was on this day in 1942, when the Thoroughbred Racing Association was formed in Chicago. 
  • In 1945, the Nero Decree was issued by Adolf Hitler, ordering the destruction of German facilities that were at risk of falling into the hands of the Allied. 
  • In 1953, the Academy Awards aired for the first time on television. 
  • In 1965, Indonesia nationalised all the foreign oil companies. 
  • In 1969, it was on this day when British invaded Anguilla. 
  • In 1972, India signed a friendship treaty with Bangladesh. 
  • On this day in 1976, the announcement of Princess Margaret separating with her husband, the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years of marriage, was made by the Buckingham Palace. 
  • In 1977, Marien Ngouabi, the president of Congo, was killed by a suicide commando. 
  • In 1977, a nuclear test was performed at Muruora Island by France. 
  • In 1985, the Senate of the United States voted to authorize production of the MX missile. 
  • In 1990, the first ever world ice hockey tournament for women took place in Ottawa. 
  • In 1998, WHO warned the world of the tuberculosis epidemic which could potentially kill 70 million people or more in the next two decades.  

2000s onwards:

  • In 2002, the United States ended its Operation Anaconda in eastern Afghanistan, which went on to become its largest ground offensive since the Gulf War. In the same year, actor Ben Kingsley attained Knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace. 
  • In 2003, George W. Bush, the then President of the United States of America, made an announcement that the U.S. forces had launched a strike against “targets of military opportunity” in Iraq. 
  • Later on, in 2015, AT&T was replaced by Apple in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. 

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