What Happened On This Day In History: 16th March

The 75th day of a calendar year, or the 76th day in a leap year, March 16th has witnessed the following events throughout history:

In the 1500s:

In 1521, Ferdinand Magellan, the famous Portuguese navigator reached the Philippines on this date. 

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In the year 1527, it was on this day that the Rajputs were defeated by Babur in the Battle of Khanwa in India. 

In the 1600s:

On this day in 1660, The Long Parliament of England was dissolved, giving way for the preparation of the new Convention Parliament. 

In the year 1689, the Royal Welch Fusiliers, also known as the 23rd Regiment of Foot, was founded.

In the 1700s: 

In the year 1782, it was on March 16th when the Spanish troops captured the British-ruled island of Roatan during the American Revolutionary War. 

On this day in 1792, Sweden’s King Gustav III was shot, which ultimately resulted in his death on March 29. 

In the 1800s:

  • In 1802, the West Point Military Academy was established by the United States Congress in New York. 
  • On this day in 1836, a constitution was approved by the Republic of Texas. 
  • In 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel, titled The Scarlet Letter, was published for the first time. 
  • In 1871, the first fertiliser law was enacted by the state of Delaware. 
  • Later on, in 1882, a treaty that allowed the United States of America to join the Red Cross was approved by the U.S. Senate. 

In the 1900s:

  • It was on March 16th in the year 1907, when the construction of the British cruiser “Invincible” was completed in Glasgow, making it the largest cruiser in the world. 
  • In 1915, the Federal Trade Commission began operation. 
  • In 1917, Nicholas II, the Russian Czar, abdicated his throne.
  • In 1926, on this day, the first liquid-fuel rocket was launched by physicist Robert H. Goddard. 
  • In 1935, Adolf Hitler violated the Versailles Treaty when he ordered German rearmament. 
  • In the year 1947, Martial Law was withdrawn in Tel Aviv. 
  • On this day in 1964, the then President of the United States of America, Lyndon B. Johnson, submitted a war on poverty program to the Congress, estimating to about $1 billion. 
  • In 1984, South Africa signed a pact with Mozambique, banning the support for each other’s internal enemies. 
  • On this day in 1987, the “Bostonia” magazine printed the English translation of Albert Einstein’s last high school report card. 
  • In the year 1995, NASA astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American ever to visit Mir, the Russian space station. 

The 2000s onwards:

  • It was on March 16th in the year 2001, when a series of bomb blasts took place in Shijiazhuang in China, which eventually killed 108 people and injured over 30 others. This event went on to become the biggest mass murder in China in decades. 
  • In 2005, Israel handed over the control of the city of Jericho to Palestine. 

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