What Happened On This Day In History: 13th March

March 13th is the 72nd day of a calendar year, 73rd in a leap year and has witnessed a lot of events all throughout history. Some of those are:

In the 1600s:

In 1639, clergyman John Harvard got Harvard University named after him. 

In the 1700s:

In 1781, Sir William Herschel discovered the seventh planet in our solar system, namely Uranus. 

In the 1800s:

  • In 1865, a bill which authorized slaves to be used as soldiers was signed by Jefferson Davis for the Confederacy. 
  • In 1868, the United States Senate started the impeachment trial of then president Andrew Johnson. 
  • It was on this day in 1878 when the first collegiate golf match was played. The match was between Cambridge and Oxford. 
  • In 1884, the United States of America finally adopted the Eastern Standard Time. 

In the 1900s:

  • In 1901, on this day, Andrew Carnegie announced that he would be retiring henceforth. He also declared that he would be giving away all of his fortune, estimated to be around $300 million. 
  • In 1911, corporate tax law was approved by the Supreme Court of the United States. 
  • In 1925, a law prohibiting the teaching of evolution was passed in Tennessee. 
  • In 1930, Pluto, the final planet in our solar system, was discovered by scientist Clyde Tombaugh at Lowell Observatory. 
  • On this day in 1935, archives which dated back to over three thousand years were found in the Biblical city of Jerusalem. The archives confirmed a lot of biblical evidences and history. 
  • In 1940, the signing of a treaty in Moscow marked the end of the war between Finland and Russia. 
  • In 1942, Julia Flikke, belonging to the Nurse Corps, went on to become the first ever woman colonel in the army of the United States. 
  • In 1951, the comic strip of the famous Dennis the Menace appeared in newspapers all across the United States for the very first time. 
  • On this day in 1969, the astronauts of Apollo 9 returned to Earth after completing a successful mission of testing the Lunar Module. 
  • In 1970, the PDP-11 minicomputer was introduced by the Digital Equipment Corporation. 
  • In 1974, death penalty was restored when the U.S. Senate voted 54-33 in favour of it. 
  • In 1995, the first ever United Nations World Summit on Social Development was concluded in Copenhagen in Denmark. 
  • In 1997, Sister Nirmala was chosen to succeed Mother Teresa as leader of the Catholic order by the Missionaries of Charity in India. 

2000 onwards:

  • In 2003, the Nature journal reported that scientists had discovered 350,000-year-old human footprints in Italy. These belonged to three humans who were climbing down the sides of a volcano. 
  • On this day in 2006, the construction of the National September 11 Memorial and Museum officially began in New York City. 
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