What Happened On This Day In History: 12th March

Being the 71st day of the year, or the 72nd in leap years, March 12th has been observing a lot of events throughout history. Some of these events are mentioned below:

In the 1600s:

In the year 1609, it is on this day that Bermuda Islands officially became an English Colony. 

In the 1700s:

In 1755, the steam engine was used for the very first time in North Arlington in New Jersey.
On this day in 1789, the United States Post Office was established. 

In the 1800s:

  • In 1809, Britain and Persia signed a treaty which forced the French to leave the country. 
  • In 1884, Mississippi established the Mississippi Industrial Institute and College, which was the first college for women that was supported by the state. 
  • In 1894, it was on this day when Coca Cola was sold in bottles for the first time ever. 

In the 1900s:

  • In 1906, the Supreme Court of the United States made a rule that corporations must offer incriminating evidence in antitrust suits. 
  • In 1909, the British Parliament increased the naval annexations for Britain. 
  • In 1911, the cause of infantile paralysis was discovered by Rockefeller Institute’s Dr. Fletcher. 
  • Next year, in 1912, the Girl Scout Organisation was founded. 
  • In 1923, Phonofilm, or the technique of putting sound on motion picture film, was demonstrated for the first time by Dr. Lee DeForest. 
  • In 1930, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi began his 200-mile Dandi March, showing his defiance of British Rule over India. 
  • In 1933, Franklin Roosevelt, the then president of the United States, presented his first presidential address to the nation, beginning the “Fireside Chats.” 
  • In 1944, Britain prohibited all travel to Ireland. 
  • In 1959, the U.S. House joined hands with the U.S. Senate to approve the statehood of Hawaii. 
  • In 1989, Sudan’s Prime Minister Sadiq al Mahdi formed a new cabinet as a means to end the Civil War. 
  • In 1992, it was on this day that Mauritius officially became a republic. However, it still remained a member of the British Commonwealth. 
  • In 1993, the Pentagon stated for the closure of 31 major military bases in the United States. In the same year, Janet Reno was sworn in as the first female United States attorney general. 
  • Next year, in 1994, the Church of England ordained its first female priests on this day. 
  • In 1999, Hungary, Czech Republic and Poland became members of the NATO, also known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. The three countries were also formerly members of the Warsaw Pact. 

2000s onwards:

  • In 2003, it was on this day that Elizabeth Smart was reunited with her family. It marked nine months of her abduction by a drifter who had previously worked at her home in Utah. 
  • In 2003, the United States Air Force made announcements that it would resume the reconnaissance flights off the coast of North Korea. 
  • In 2009, the formal announcement of the renaming of the Sears Tower in Chicago, Illinois to Willis Tower was made. 
  • On this day in 2010, Apple began its first pre-orders for the iPad in the United States. 



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