What Happened On This Day In History: 11th March

March 11th is the 70th day of a calendar year, and the 71st in leap years. It is on this day that the following events in history took place:

In the 1600s:

  • In 1649, the Frondeurs and the French Government signed the peace of Rueil. 
  • In 1665, a new legal code, which guaranteed that the religious observances for the Dutch and English towns would be unhindered, was signed. 

In the 1700s:

  • It was on this day in 1702 that the first regular English newspaper called The Daily Courant was published. 
  • In 1789, Pierre Charles L’Enfant, along with Benjamin Banneker began laying put Washington D.C.

In the 1800s:

  • It was in 1810 that Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was married to Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria by proxy. 
  • In 1824, the U.S. War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs, with Seneca Indian Ely Parker becoming the first Indian to lead the Bureau. 
  • In 1861, a new constitution was adopted at the Confederate Convention that was held in Montgomery, Alabama. 
  • In 1864, the largest man-made disaster ever in England, called the Great Sheffield Flood took place, killing over 250 people. 
  • In 1867, the Great Mauna Loa volcano erupted on this day. 
  • In 1888, the Blizzard of ’88 began on this day along the United States Atlantic Seaboard, killing over 400 people. 
  • In 1892, the first ever public basketball game was held in Springfield, Massachusetts. 

In the 1900s:

  • In 1900, Lord Salisbury, the then Prime Minister of Britain, rejected Paul Kruger’s peace offerings.  
  • In 1901, Britain rejected an amended treaty regarding the canal agreement with the country of Nicaragua. In the same year, U.S Steel was formed when J.P. Morgan bought Carnegie Steel Corp, making Andrew Carnegie the richest man in the world. 
  • On this day in 1905, the official inauguration of the Parisian subway was held.  
  • In 1907, Premier Nicolas Petkov was killed in an accident in Bulgaria. 
  • In 1927, the famous Roxy Theatre in New York City was opened by Samuel Roxy Rothafel. 
  • A few years later, in 1930, U.S. President Howard Taft became the first President of the United States to be buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. 
  • In 1935, the German Air Force became an official department of the Reich. 
  • In 1964, U.S. Senator Carl Hayden broke the record for continuous service in the United States Senate. He had been in service for 37 years and 7 days. 
  • In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev took the position of the Chairman of the Soviet Communist Party. 
  • In 1990, Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union, becoming the first Soviet republic to break away from the control of the Communists. 
  • In 1993, Janet Reno was confirmed as the first female attorney general by the United States Senate. 
  • In 1997, an explosion at a nuclear waste reprocessing plant in Japan caused 35 workers to be exposed to dangerously low levels of radioactivity, becoming one of the worst incidents in Japan’s history. 

2000s onwards:

  • In 2002, two columns of light were pointed skywards from Ground Zero in New York City, as a temporary memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks. 
  • In 2006, Michelle Bachelet was inaugurated as the first female president of Chile. 
  • In 2011, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster struck Japan, after a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the country. 
  • In 2018, the Superhero movie The Black Panther became the fifth Marvel movie to earn over $1 billion worldwide. 

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