Vocabulary is a set of familiar words in the languages known to a person. An extensive vocabulary is a useful tool in communicating and acquiring knowledge. For many people, developing vocabulary is a challenging task considering the plethora of words that can be learned. Everyone desires to have a perfect vocabulary for a comprehensive outlook.
1. DIASPORA (noun) प्रवासी
Meaning: a group of people who live outside the area in which they had lived for a long time or in which their ancestors lived.
Synonyms: emigration, evacuation, decampment, departure.
Antonyms: arrival, entrance, ingress, advent.
Usage: Enforced ethnic cleansing and poor economic prospects at home caused a diaspora which tested national flexibility.
2. DISCERN (verb) पहचानना
Meaning: recognize or find out.
Synonyms: perceive, learn, verify, deduce.
Antonyms: disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook.
Usage: From the annals of Indian history, it can be discerned that the role of women in the society is no less than men.
3. THUMPING (adjective) अति
Meaning: of an impressive size, extent, or amount.
Synonyms: colossal, immense, mammoth, monumental.
Antonyms: negligible, little, infinitesimal, minute.
Usage: But this year, when precisely the same measure came up for a required second vote, it was defeated by a thumping margin of 157 to 39.
4. IMPRIMATUR (noun) अनुमति
Meaning: a person’s authoritative approval.
Synonyms: agreement, consent, assent, permission.
Antonyms: disapprobation, disapproval, opprobrium, reprobation.
Usage: The court case could not proceed without an imprimatur from the judge.
5. FACET (noun) पहलू
Meaning: a particular aspect or feature of something.
Synonyms: feature, factor, dimension, characteristic.
Antonyms: drivel, rear, fence, generality.
Usage: All the facets of the business environment were deliberated, to shed new light on the working of corporates.
6. MISGIVING (noun) संदेह
Meaning: a feeling of doubt or apprehension about the outcome or consequences of something.
Synonyms: qualm, doubt, reservation, scruple.
Antonyms: assurance, belief, credence, certitude.
Usage: Despite my misgivings, I picked up a box of these today when I filled the new prescription.
7. LOGJAM (noun) गतिरोध
Meaning: something that blocks the ability to do other things.
Synonyms: deadlock, lag, quagmire, stagnation.
Antonyms: expedition, assistance, aid, advance.
Usage: We have a lot of hope that we can use this bill to break the logjam and move forward on Social Security.
8. REFRACTORY (adjective) दुराग्राही
Meaning: stubborn or unmanageable.
Synonyms: recalcitrant, obstreperous, insubordinate, intractable.
Antonyms: obedient, manageable, amenable, compliant.
Usage: Most teenagers go through a refractory phase where they don’t want to listen to authority figures.
9. DETENTE (noun) नरमी
Meaning: the easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries.
Synonyms: agreement, peace, amity, concord.
Antonyms: disruptive, antagonism, antipathy, hostility.
Usage: The policy of detente was scrapped and the objective was increasingly to roll back the Soviet Union.
10. CONTENTIOUS (adjective) विवादास्पद
Meaning: causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.
Synonyms: disputable, debatable, moot, vexed.
Antonyms: agreeable, nonbelligerent, pacific, peaceful.
Usage: This last piece of evidence is particularly contentious and likely to feature prominently in the appeal.