Vocabulary is a set of familiar words in the languages known to a person. An extensive vocabulary is a useful tool in communicating and acquiring knowledge. For many people, developing vocabulary is a challenging task considering the plethora of words that can be learned. Everyone desires to have a perfect vocabulary for a comprehensive outlook.
1. EPHEMERAL (Adjective): अस्थायी
Meaning: Lasting for a short time
Synonyms: Temporary, Short-lived, transient.
Antonyms: long-lived, enduring, everlasting, eternal, perpetual.
Usage: time is ephemeral so don’t waste it.
2. ARDENT (Adjective): उत्साही
Meaning: Characterized by strong enthusiasm
Synonyms: Passionate, enthusiastic, zealous
Antonyms: apathetic, dull, calm.
Usage: One should be an ardent supporter for the right cause.
3. QUIRK (Noun): व्यवहार में छल
Meaning: a strange habit
Synonyms: irregularity, a trait
Usage: His biggest quirk is his love for old marbles.
4. BELITTLE (Verb): मूल्य घटना
Meaning: dismiss (someone or something) as unimportant.
Synonyms: disparage, denigrate, deprecate, downgrade
Antonyms: praise, magnify
Usage: There is no reason for you to belittle my wardrobe simply because your clothes are more expensive than the ones I own.
5. WHIMSICAL (Adjective): सनकी
Meaning: acting or behaving in a capricious manner.
Synonyms: volatile, capricious, temperamental, impulsive
Antonyms: boring, serious
Usage: The whimsical music made me feel like a little kid again.
6. BOUT (Noun): अवधि
Meaning: a short period of intense activity of a specified kind.
Synonyms: spell, period, time, stretch, a stint
Usage: The bout of intensive running led to my preparation for the Boston Marathon.
7. MANDATE (noun): शासनादेश
Meaning: an official order or commission to do something.
Synonyms: instruction, directive, direction, decree, command
Usage: They carried out the governor’s mandate to build more roads.
8. RATIFY (Verb): पुष्टि करना
Meaning: sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Synonyms: confirm, approve, sanction, endorse, agree to
Antonyms: deny, destroy, disagree, disapprove, disprove
Usage: Laws and statesmen, for the most part, indicate and ratify, but do not create.
9. DISSIDENCE (Noun): मतभेद
Meaning: disagreement over a matter
Synonyms: contention, disagreement, discordance, disharmony, dispute
Antonyms: agreement, approval, authorization, concurrence
Usage: So much is said nowadays about the dissidence of the spiritual and intellectual worlds.
10. PANDER (verb): बढ़ावा देना
Meaning: gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire or taste or a person with such a desire or taste)
Synonyms: indulge, gratify, satisfy, yield.
Antonyms: dissatisfy, deny, refuse, disturb.
Usage: She tries to hold on to as much genuine stuff as she can while pandering to fancier tastes.