Important Vocabulary For Government Exams

Dear Students,

In this modern era, everything seems incomplete without the involvement of English in our daily life. And no one can deny the importance of Vocabulary that is a momentous section to score up to the mark. SSC CHSL Exam is a nearby opportunity and then other exams conducted by SSC are in a loop this year where dealing with English Section may demand a grip over enticingly illustrious words. Envisaging the anxiety and perplexity of the aspirants who find it an uphill task to learn new words, we are providing important vocab facilitated with synonyms, antonyms, their proper usage through examples which will surely ease your grapple of storing apt number of  words in your memory for longer time and in an effective way. It will be our pleasure to add up in your efficiency with each passing day leaving you well prepared for vying part of life.

1. IRIDESCENT (adjective): इंद्रधनुषी

Meaning: Showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles.
Synonyms: shining, glittering, sparkling, shimmering, polychromatic, opalescent 
Antonyms: colorless, dull, plain, fixed, monochrome 
Usage: When the jeweler looked at the iridescent gems, he was made speechless by their brilliant colors.

2. THROWAWAY (adjective) : अस्थायी
Meaning: Denoting or relating to products that are intended to be discarded after being used once or a few times.
Synonyms: casual, passing, careless, offhand, ill-considered 
Antonyms: adopt, embrace, take on, keep, retain, conserve
Usage: She was very upset at what to him was just a throwaway remark.

3. PRUNE (verb) : छटना, छँटाई करना
Meaning: Trim (a tree, shrub, or bush) by cutting away dead or overgrown branches or stems, especially to encourage growth.
Synonyms: reduce, cut/trim, decrease.
Antonyms: elongate, extend, lengthen
Usage: Ideally, you should start pruning your tree to limit its size before it reaches full size.

4. STRIDE (noun) : प्रगति, छलांग
Meaning: A long step or stage in making progress.
Synonyms: clump, tramp, stomp, stalk
Antonyms: amble, meander, ramble, stroll, wander
Usage: In two bounding strides the woman was in the street, kneeling over her friend.

5. VEXATIOUS (adjective) : अफ़सोसनाक
Meaning: Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
Synonyms: annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing, infuriating, maddening, exasperating
Antonyms: helpful, pleasing, soothing, aiding, assisting
Usage: This vexatious problem was resolved, incompletely, by civil war and secession.
6. STODGY (adjective) : सुस्त और उदासीन; मौलिकता या उत्तेजना की कमी
Meaning: Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement
Synonyms: uninteresting, dreary, deadly, unimaginative, uninspired, unexciting, monotonous, humdrum
Antonyms: exciting, entertaining, digestible, creative, breathtaking, enthralling
Usage: Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.
7. PURPORTEDLY (adverb) : कथित रूप से
Meaning: As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.
Synonyms: allegedly, professedly, supposedly, seemingly, superficially
Antonyms: absolutely, authentically, certainly, earnestly, exactly
Usage: The woman found a letter purportedly signed by the Prime Minister.

8. AMELIORATE (verb) : सुधारना
Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better
Synonyms: better, reformed, revamped/improved, amend, elevate
Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, decline, blemish, debase, deprave
Usage: Ameliorate the relationship with your distant mother by sending a letter.
9. STARK (adjective) : निरा
Meaning: Unpleasantly or sharply clear.
Synonyms: blunt, bare, straightforward, plain, unadorned, unembellished, harsh, grim
Antonyms: adorned, bright, lush, bleak, cheerful, opulent
Usage: His evidence in chief stood in stark contrast to his evidence on cross-examination.

10. TOUCHSTONE (noun) : मापदंड
Meaning: a criterion by which something is judged
Synonyms: benchmark, criterion, grade, mark, measure, metric, standard, yardstick
Antonyms: aberration, deviation, abnormality
Usage: An understanding of grammar is often considered a touchstone by which all language skills are compared to.
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