Dear Students, we are providing to you Vocabulary Words from The HINDU Newspaper Editorial. We suggest you read a newspaper daily. In case if you are not able to read The Hindu, we will post important words every day from editorial section. These vocab words will help you a lot in your competitive exams.
Meaning: the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
synonyms: oratory, eloquence, power of speech, command of language, expression, way with words, delivery, diction
Example: Rhetoric and political signalling is an accepted element of crisis management provided the messages are clearly understood by those for whom these are intended
Meaning: declare invalid (an official agreement, decision, or result).
synonyms: declare invalid, declare null and void, nullify, invalidate, void.
Example: The Bush administration declared North Korea part of the ‘axis of evil’ in 2002, cancelled direct talks and annulled the 1994 agreement.
Meaning: move or swing back and forth in a regular rhythm.
synonyms: swing, sway, swing from side to side, swing back and forth, swing backwards and forwards, swing to and fro.
Example: U.S. policy has oscillated between sanctions in response to nuclear and missile tests, dilution of sanctions by China, talks about closer defence ties with Japan and South Korea, citing of additional threats by North Korea and more testing, thus repeating the cycle. U.S. expectations that sanctions would lead to regime collapse were misplaced because given China’s stakes, this will not happen.
Meaning: a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
synonyms: charge, accusation, arraignment, citation, summons;
Example: The court’s order that the law, notified in 2014, is good to go is an indictment of the delay in establishing the Lokpal.
Meaning: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.
synonyms: forerunner, predecessor, forefather, father, parent, antecedent, ancestor, forebear, progenitor;
Example: A collection of addresses by Justice K.K. Mathew along with excerpts from his judicial opinions, published in 1978 under the title Democracy, Equality and Freedom, became the first work of its kind in Indian legal literature. Regrettably, it was also the last! The hope expressed by its editor, Prof. Upendra Baxi, that it would be the precursor of similar literary ventures in the future remained unfulfilled.
Meaning: present and explain (a theory or idea) in detail.
synonyms: present, put forward, set forth, proffer, offer, advance, propose, propound, frame, give an account of, recount;
Example: But for the illuminating and exhaustive 86-page introduction expounding the judicial creativity and craftsmanship of the judge, K.K. Mathew would have been just one judge out of a roll-call of 186 judges who had sat in India’s Supreme Court.
Meaning: prepared to obey others unquestioningly.
synonyms: submissive, deferential, acquiescent, compliant, accommodating, obedient, dutiful, duteous, biddable, yielding, meek, docile, ductile, pliant, passive, unassertive, spiritless, subdued, humble, timid, mild.
Example: He refused to accept that the makers of the Constitution ever intended that Fundamental Rights should be subservient to Directive Principles of State Policy; rather (he said) they visualised a society where rights in Part IV and aspirations in Part IV would co-exist in harmony — “A succeeding generation might view the relative importance of the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles in a different light or from a different perspective.
Meaning: repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement).
synonyms: repudiate, revoke, repeal, rescind, overturn, overrule, override, do away with, annul, cancel, break off, invalidate, nullify, void, negate, dissolve, countermand, veto, declare null and void, discontinue;
Example: Justice Mathew concluded that the only limitation to the amending power in the Constitution was that the Constitution could not be repealed or abrogated in the exercise of the power of amendment without substituting a mechanism by which the state was constituted and organised — “that limitation flows from the language of the Article (Article 368) itself.
Meaning: of or typical of a despot; tyrannical.
synonyms: autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian, authoritarian, absolute, absolutist, arbitrary, unconstitutional, undemocratic, anti-democratic, uncontrolled, unaccountable, summary.
Example: Article 329A as enacted had removed past, present and future operations of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, to election disputes affecting the Prime Minister and Speaker, and despite the absence of any applicable law it had (in effect) adjudicated the election dispute between Raj Narain and Indira Gandhi. In so doing, the amending body neither “ascertained the facts of the case” nor “applied any norms for determining the validity of the election”, and hence this was (according to Justice Mathew) plainly an exercise of “despotic power” damaging the democratic structure of the Constitution.
Meaning: (of a person) famous and respected within a particular sphere.
synonyms: illustrious, distinguished, renowned, esteemed, pre-eminent, notable, noteworthy, great, prestigious, important, significant, influential, outstanding, noted.
Example: Fali S. Nariman is an eminent lawyer, constitutional jurist and a former nominated Member of the Rajya Sabha.
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