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There is a (1) palpable sense of hurt in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s words when he complains that ‘’everyone rushes to do politics in the name of Babasaheb Ambedkar’’ while no other government has honored, given respect to B.R Ambedkar the way the present has’’. To (2) buttress his argument, the prime minister spoke about the public works that were launched in memory of Ambedkar by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee govt and the memorial the govt is to inaugurate next week. The Dalit (3) unrest that rocked the country over the Supreme Court’s order on the SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act earlier this week and the opposition campaign that the Modi (4) dispensation is insensitive to Dalit interests appear to have triggered the prime minister’s (5) fusillade. Modi wants Ambedkar to be remembered as a visionary icon who gave the republic its Constitution and created a host of institutions, including for waterways, irrigation and ports.
The Modi government has held several events to memorialize Ambedkar but couldn’t claim Ambedkar’s legacy which inspires political mobilizations that seek to affirm and (6) assert the identity and rights of Dalits and other oppressed communities. The political Ambedkar, who lives in the liberal- and in the Indian context, radical-vision that illuminates the Constitution, is compromised by the custodians of the republic. The quest for an (7) egalitarian society is fundamental to his political vision: The rights and freedoms detailed in the Constitution are meant to transform India from a (8) hellhole of inequalities, social hierarchies and oppression to a republic of free and equal citizens. Seven decades after Independence, the restiveness of Dalit Communities across the country only reflects the failure of successive governments and the political mainstream in translating the vision in the statute books.
The politicized Dalit identifies the Constitution, along with elections, as a powerful instrument, any talk of rewriting the (9) statute or diluting its spirit is interpreted as an affront to Babasaheb’s republican vision. An argument that (10) pits the statue against the statute is a non-starter.
1. PALPABLE (adjective)=स्पर्शनीय
Meaning: able to be touched or felt.
Synonyms: perceptible, perceivable, visible, noticeable, appreciable, discernible, detectable, tangible, recognizable, notable, incontrovertible, incontestable, obvious, evident, apparent, marked, conspicuous, striking.
Antonyms: inconspicuous, indistinct, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, concealed, covert, disguised, obscure, shrouded, vague, impalpable, imperceptible, inappreciable, indistinguishable, insensible, undetectable.
2. BUTTRESS (verb) =समर्थन देना
Meaning: increase the strength of or justification for.
Synonyms: strengthen, reinforce, fortify, support, prop up, bolster up, shore up, underpin, brace, uphold, confirm, defend, maintain, back up.
Antonyms: undercut, undermine, weaken, debunk, degrade, dismantle, confute, disassemble.
3. UNREST (noun) =अशांति
Meaning: a state of dissatisfaction, disturbance, and agitation, typically involving public demonstrations or disorder.
Synonyms: disruption, disturbance, agitation, turmoil, tumult, disorder, chaos, turbulence, uproar, discord, dissension, strife, protest, sedition, unease, anguish, disquiet.
Antonyms: order, orderliness, calm, ease, peace, peacefulness, quiet, tranquility, harmony, equanimity, repose.
4. DISPENSATION (noun)=वितरण
Meaning: the action of distributing or supplying something.
Synonyms: provision, issuing, passing out, giving out, handing out, dealing out, division, allocation, allotment, apportionment, assignment, bestowal, conferment, disbursement.
Antonyms: prohibition, detention, exclusion, ban, denial, limitation, interdiction, forbiddance.
5. FUSILLADE (noun) =गोली से मारना
Meaning: a series of shots fired all at the same time or in quick succession.
Synonyms: salvo, volley, barrage, bombardment, cannonade, burst, blast, hail, shower, stream, broadside, blitz, discharge.
Antonyms: dribble, drip, trickle.
6. ASSERT (verb)=द्दढ़तापूर्वक करना
Meaning: cause others to recognize (one’s authority or a right) by confident and forceful behavior.
Synonyms: insist on, stand up for, uphold, defend, contend, establish, press/push for, stress, maintain, plead.
Antonyms: understate, disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook, reject, repudiate, dispute,
confute, disprove, rebut, refute.
7. EGALITARIAN (adjective)=समानाधिकारवादी
Meaning: believing in or based on the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities.
Synonyms: equalitarian, moralist, impartial, equitable, unbiased, even-handed.
Antonyms: oppressive, ritzy, snobby, snotty, class-conscious, repressive, capitalist, suppressive.
8. HELLHOLE (noun)=एक अप्रिय स्थान
Meaning: a very unpleasant place.
Synonyms: perdition, inferno, hellfire, hades, nether land
Antonyms: dreamland, utopia
9. STATUTE (noun)=संविधि
Meaning: a written law passed by a legislative body.
Synonyms: law, regulation, enactment, act, bill, decree, resolution, promulgation, measure, command, order, stipulation, commandment, directive, pronouncement.
Antonyms: higher law, refrain, unwritten, inflate, forbear.
10. PIT (verb)=संघर्ष या प्रतिस्पर्धा
Meaning: set someone or something in conflict or competition with.
Synonyms: set against, match against, put in opposition to, measure against, contend with, vie with, grapple with, wrestle with.
Antonyms: agree, go along, charge, fuse, calcify.
IMPORTANT GA FACTS FROM ABOVE ARTICLE:
1. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was Independent India’s first law minister, the principal architect of the Constitution of India and a founding father of the Republic of India.
2. In 1990, the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, was posthumously conferred upon Ambedkar.
3. In 1932, British announced the formation of a separate electorate for “Depressed Classes” in the Communal Award. Gandhi fiercely opposed a separate electorate for untouchables, and protested by fasting while imprisoned in the Yerwada Central Jail of Poona. Following the fast, Madan Mohan Malviya organized joint meetings with Ambedkar at Yerwada on 25 September 1932, the agreement known as Poona Pact was signed between Ambedkar (on behalf of the depressed classes among Hindus) and Madan Mohan Malviya (on behalf of the other Hindus).
4. The agreement gave reserved seats for the depressed classes in the Provisional legislatures, within the general electorate. The text uses the term “Depressed Classes” to denote Untouchables among Hindus who were later called Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes under India Act 1935, and the later Indian Constitution of 1950.
5. The 2014 general election was held in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May, to constitute the 16th Lok Sabha. The results of the election were announced on 16 May 2014. On 20 May 2014, a meeting of the parliamentary party of BJP was organized at the Central Hall of the Parliament of India and Narendra Modi was elected as its leader.