The Mauryan Empire

  1. Founder – Chandragupta Maurya
  2. Last Emperor – Brihadrath (killed by Pushyamitra Sungha)
  3. Capital – Patliputra (modern ‘Patna’)



Literary source



1. “Arthashastra”
(Sanskrit) – Vishnugupta (Chanakya or Kautilya or ‘Indian Machiavelli’)

  • Arthashastra was discovered and published – by R. Shama Shastri (1904).
  • Carries 15 books, 180 chapters, 3 parts.
  • 1st part – King, council and department of government.
  • 2nd part – Civil and criminal law.
  • 3rd part – diplomacy and war.

2. “Mudrarakshasa” (Skt) – Vishakhadatta
3. “Indica” – Megasthenes (Greek, Seleucus ambassador)
4. “Kathasaritsagar” – Somdev
5. “Brihadkatha Manjari” – Kshemendra
6. “Rajtarangini” – Kalhan


Mauryan Emperors

(i) Chandragupta Maurya
  • In 305 BC defeated Selucus Niketar (General of Alexander)
  • Megasthenese visited his court
  • Made “Sudarshan Lake”, according to “Junagarh Rock Inscription”
  • Later adopted ‘Jainism’  and went south india with ‘Bhadrabahu’ & died at ‘Sravanbelagola’ (Maysore, Karnataka)

(ii) Bindusar  (‘Amitraghat’)
  • Conquered deccan upto Maysor
  • Taranath (Tibet Monk) said that bindu conquered 16 state & ‘land b/w two sea’
  • Eldest son ‘Suman’ viceroy of ‘Taxila’ & ‘Ashok’ to ‘Ujjain’
  • Followed ‘Ajivak Sampraday’

(iii) Ashoka The Great (272-232 BC)
  • Mother – Subhadrandi or Janpad Kalyani, Father – Bindusar, Son – Mahendra, Daughter – Sanghmitra, Guru g – Upgupta (taught Buddhism)
  • 1st 8 years ruled like a cruel king
  • After Kalinga war embraced Buddhism from Guru g
  • Appointed ‘Dharma Mahamatras’ to speed up process of Dharma propogation
  • Conducted 3rd Buddhist Council at ‘Patliputra’
  • His son and daughter went to Ceylon (Srilanka) to propagate Buddhism.

Five Provinces
  • North – Taxilla
  • West – Ujjain
  • South – Swarnagiri
  • East – Dosali
  • Central – Patliputra (under king)

Officers
  • Amatyas – IAS officers
  • Samahart – Chief Tax Collector
  • Adhyaksha – Chief of Commerce & Industry
  • Dharmathikarin – CJI of Supreme Court
  • Gopa – 15 Village incharge
  • Raksihah – Police

“Lion Capital Of Ashok”

  • A sculpture of four Indian lions standing back to back, on an elaborate base that includes other animals. A graphic representation of it was adopted as the official Emblem of India in 1950.
  • It was originally placed atop the Aśoka pillar at the important Buddhist site of Sarnath by the Emperor Ashoka, in about 250 BC.
  • Whenever the emblem is used by state governments or any other government body, the words Satyameva Jayate in Devanagari script has to be used right under the emblem as per the statute, State Emblem of India Act, 2005.
  • On the Right side of Emblem there is a Horse and on left is Bull. Total animals are 4 i.e. Lion, Horse, Bull and Elephant.

Thank You Sam 🙂

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79 Comments

  1. Thank u so much mam…
    U r awsm..

    U know mam smtyms I feel irritated by my performance,,bt can't show in front of my parents specially in front of my dad,he blindly believes in me..and support me unconditionally..I am incessently doing efforts bt I am nt getting anything in my hand…don't taste success till now from past 1 and a half year…specially to be a banker I left my awsm job and now m jobless….

    Don't know what to do…now my studies not on track only tension is there in my mind….but yes a hope is there that I will get job,but condition is that I have to work incessantly without stoppage……

    _/_

  2. Yes Sam. Practice is what makes one perfect. Just set your goal and work towards it. I am sure you will taste success soon. All the very Best dear 🙂

  3. I don't want thanks but I need a help. In comments section lot of mistakes in my english.plz current me that time

  4. I can motivate to u but u don't know telugu..u cannot understandmy feeling,views,toughts,,,that y ……..

  5. I love to search on regular basis…2 hours in a day I spend on searching the best material…

  6. Oh gr8.good….I think u r knowing everything from the root….saying truely u r guided,and motiveted lot of members like me….

  7. Ma'am he is saying that "Happy Gudi padwa to you" nothing wrong ma'am 🙂

  8. Ma'am he is saying that "Happy Gudi padwa to you" nothing wrong ma'am 🙂

  9. I know mam..but.ugadi is Telugu new year festival…that y iam wishing in telugu…..Sry mam…

  10. Joke chesa anthe Sry bro. Iam Very Happy Anna..becoze b.a & s.a lo active ga vuntu mammalni guide chesedu mass seems bidda aenanduku…

  11. Joke chesa anthe Sry bro. Iam Very Happy Anna..becoze b.a & s.a lo active ga vuntu mammalni guide chesedu mass seems bidda aenanduku…

  12. Joke chesa anthe sry bro.iam very Happy anna… B.a & s.a lo entha aactive ga vundi mammalni entha guide chesdu maaaa seema bidda aenanduku…very Happy

  13. Joke chesa anthe sry bro.iam very Happy anna… B.a & s.a lo entha aactive ga vundi mammalni entha guide chesdu maaaa seema bidda aenanduku…very Happy

  14. I know that DM. But there are certain rules which you need to follow on SA. So take it as a warning both of you and stop conversing in telugu.

  15. I know that DM. But there are certain rules which you need to follow on SA. So take it as a warning both of you and stop conversing in telugu.

  16. Hello Neha..gd noon dear..u can buy kirans book for fci..bt do one thing –)

    Syllabus is same as ssc cgl or u can say ssc chsl…if u preparing for ssc than automatically u prepared for fci..syllabus is same as cgl…I will suggest u to wrote syllabus On a paper and wrote topic as well…this will help u to analyse ur strong as well as weak topics….trust me this will help u alot …..

    Do more practise bcoz practise makes person perfect….

    For Gk u should participate daily quiz of ssc adda…..beshak answers galat ho ya sahi at least u should participate…miracle will definitely happens….ur knowledge will definitely get increase…..

    God bless u dear… u will clear fci for sure…

  17. Gud aftrnoon dear..thnks for rply:):)actually i hav not given ssc cgl so m confused about gk section..nd i am preparing for ssc daily quiz nd lucent objective gk..lucent is good na???

  18. Good prepare ur self on daily basis…lucent is but..bt to understand basic of history,geo,polity and economics is necessary….

    Abhi fci will be held in may..to u should buy 11-12 the history ,,geo nd polity to get more knowledge

  19. Sam can u guide me about mensuration in quant.k kha se nd kese kru..ise chod k baki sare topics prepared h quant me..r.s agrwal me confuse ho jati hu nd smj nh ate que khi

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