Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.
Meaning: a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing.
Synonyms: liking, inclination, tendency, leaning, disposition, propensity, bent, bias, penchant, predisposition, predilection, partiality, preference, fondness, weakness,
Example: Now, it’s plain to see that even if Parliament represents the interests of the people, any legislation made by it is a product of the proclivities of the government in power.
Meaning: a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms: conflict, clash, brush, fight, battle, contest, encounter, head-to-head, face-off, engagement, tangle, skirmish, collision, meeting, duel, incident.
Example: The confrontation was ostensibly sparked after a domestic worker called Zohra Bibi went ‘missing’.
Meaning: deliberately destroy or damage (public or private property).
Synonyms: defacement, defacing, trashing, vandalization
Antonyms: conservation, preservation, protection, salvage, saving
Example: Stones were pelted, police had to be brought in and security officers’ cabins were vandalised. An urban class conflict, playing out on Facebook timelines and in Whatsapp videos.
Meaning: given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour.
Synonyms: fickle, inconstant, changeable, variable, unstable, mercurial, volatile, erratic, vacillating, irregular, inconsistent, fitful, arbitrary.
Example: The reasons supplied by the petitioners on why the linking of Aadhaar and PAN is capricious were wholly ignored. For example, the judgment failed to heed to the fact that the consequences of an invalidation of a person’s PAN might result in a virtual “civil death”, as the senior counsel Arvind P. Datar, who represented one of the petitioners, described the provision.
Meaning: crouch or sit with one’s knees bent and one’s heels close to or touching one’s buttocks or the back of one’s thighs.
Synonyms: crouch (down), hunker (down), sit on one’s haunches, sit on one’s heels, sit, bend down, bob down, duck down, hunch.
Example: Two farmers, squatting on their haunches, are eating roti in a lush, green field. Their bulls are grazing around them on a rainy day in Uttar Pradesh.
Meaning: (especially of a group or area) having a great deal of money; wealthy.
Synonyms: wealthy, rich, prosperous, opulent, well off, moneyed, cash rich, with deep pockets, well-to-do, comfortable.
Antonyms: poor, impoverished
Example: The first thing which strikes one about Mahagun Moderne are the names of the towers. Spread over 25-acres and marketed as homes which “mirror the taste of affluent class”, Mahagun Moderne has 2,000 occupied flats.
Meaning: a row or commotion.
Synonyms: cacophony, clamor, din, howl, hue and cry, noise, outcry, racket, roar.
Antonyms: calm, hush, peace, quiet, quietude, rest, stillness, tranquillity (or tranquility); order, orderliness.
Example: Most Mahagun residents are keeping a track of developments over the past week using a common group, with videos, counter-videos and images being circulated as ‘evidence’. Or to speculate, whose domestic worker could possibly have been involved in the ruckus.
Meaning: a person who receives a legacy.
Synonyms: beneficiary, inheritor, heir, heiress, recipient, receiver, payee, assignee.
Example: Meanwhile, those indulging in acts of terror appear to have moved beyond the earlier non-traditional, non-state actors who were legatees of the Afghan Jihad (1979-1989). The new breed of radicalised terrorists is not overly dependent on external sponsors or state support. Their inspiration is different.
Meaning: having or displaying a very strict or censorious moral attitude towards self-
indulgence or sex.
Synonyms: moralistic, pietistic, strait-laced, tight-laced, stuffy, starchy, prissy, prudish, puritan, prim, priggish, Victorian, schoolmarmish, schoolmistressy, old-maidish, narrow-minded.
Example: These exist, notwithstanding the fact that the IS, for instance, preaches an exclusive brand of puritanical Islam alongside a vision of a new Caliphate, while some of the other terrorist organisations do not fully subscribe to this ideal.
Meaning: hard to control or deal with.
Synonyms: unmanageable, uncontrollable, ungovernable, out of control, out of hand, impossible to cope with.
Example: A signal in this direction will go a long way in tamping down the violent agitation. It should also abandon its wishful thinking that shortcuts can solve the intractable Gorkhaland issue, which is culturally rooted.