Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.
Meaning: defeat thoroughly.
synonyms: conquer, defeat (utterly), beat (hollow), trounce, annihilate, triumph over, win a resounding victory over, be victorious over, best, get the better of.
Example: The unprofessional behaviour of the young — perhaps even well-meaning — Army Major in the Kashmir Valley is proof of how an aggressive political establishment, and the ‘popular’ support it enjoys, can transform the unlawful act into a nationalist issue. Otherwise, how is it that pinning a civilian to the bonnet of a jeep as a grim warning to the stone-pelting local population, reminiscent of what conquering militaries often do in vanquished lands, becomes an act worthy of praise?
synonyms: former, old, past, one-time, sometime, as was, ex-, late, then.
Example: No doubt, political and social change is inevitable in a country with a multitude of sociopolitical realities, more so when the erstwhile Congress system is being replaced with an equally overbearing, but far more ideologically zealous, Hindutva system of things. But to what end?
Meaning: 1.a claim or assertion of a claim to something.
synonyms: aspiration, claim, assertion, pretence, profession, purporting
Meaning: 2.the use of affectation to impress; pretentiousness.
synonyms: pretentiousness, affectation, affectedness, ostentation, ostentatiousness, artificiality, attitudinizing, airs, posing, posturing, showing off, hypocrisy, snobbery.
Example: We always had that dark side to our socio-political self: the current political environment has merely enabled those dark forces to unveil our pretensions of civilisational sanctimoniousness.
Meaning: not embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed.
synonyms: unashamed, shameless, unembarrassed, brazen, audacious, barefaced, blatant, flagrant, bold, bold as brass, confident, immodest, unblushing, unrepentant, undaunted,
Example: There is a great deal more unabashed aggression and hostility in the collective life of our nation today than ever before: the language of aggression is unmissable, be it in our political discourse, TV studios, passenger buses or marketplaces.
plural noun: aberrations
a departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically an unwelcome one.
“they described the outbreak of violence in the area as an aberration”
synonyms: anomaly, deviation, divergence, abnormality, irregularity, variation, digression, freak,
Example: There was a time we were ‘reasonably’ confident about the human rights record of our country, despite the aberrations in Kashmir and elsewhere, and would put up a genuine defence of it.
Meaning: (of a task or responsibility) involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.
synonyms: burdensome, heavy, inconvenient, troublesome, awkward, crushing, back-breaking.
Example: For instance, global insurers can hold up to 49% ownership in Indian ventures but only if Indians retain management and control over these entities — this is an onerous definition of control that has inhibited deal-making.
Meaning: interpret (a person’s words or actions) wrongly.
synonyms: misunderstand, misinterpret, put a wrong interpretation on, misconceive, misapprehend, mistake, misread, miss, confuse,
Example: After the Bharatiya Janata Party’s victory in Uttar Pradesh, some commentators once again compared Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Indira Gandhi as they had after the 2014 general election, perhaps misconstruing their common trait of an authoritarian streak for decisiveness.
Meaning: with great care and perseverance.
Example: Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first Prime Minister from a Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh background but he was accommodative, not secular. While Nehru wanted a left-aligned India, Mr. Modi is working assiduously to move it towards the right.
Meaning: the action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something.
Synonyms: alleviation, reduction, diminution, lessening, easing, weakening, lightening.
Example: The Accord deals with the global commitments of countries regarding emissions, mitigation, adaptation and financing from 2020. The allegation that China, Russia and India are only contributing to pollution and not to climate change fund has no basis whatsoever.
Meaning: corresponding in size or degree; in proportion.
Synonyms: equivalent, equal, corresponding, correspondent, comparable, proportionate.
Example: The advantage that the U.S. and other developed countries have gained from the Paris Accord is that all economies, including China and India, are being made to take action on climate change without any commensurate guarantees from the former on funding and transfer of technology.