Dear Students, Staff Selection Commission has issued the official notice for CGL 2017. For English Section, we are providing to you Vocabulary Words from The HINDU Newspaper Editorial. We suggest you read a newspaper daily. In case if you are not able to read The Hindu, we will post important words every day from editorial section. These vocab words will help you a lot in your competitive exams.
Meaning: not aware of or concerned about what is happening around one.
synonyms: unaware, unconscious, heedless, unmindful, insensible, unheeding, ignorant, blind, deaf, unsuspecting, unobservant, disregardful, unconcerned, impervious, unaffected.
Example: Those who live in New Delhi may be utterly oblivious to it. But to somebody who comes into the city from the outside, and even if the streets be familiar to their eyes, there is something about this city that is intended to exude power. It attracts power. It is built to include the powerful and exclude the powerless.
Meaning: cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics.
synonyms: devious, cunning, crafty, artful, wily, sly, scheming, designing, conniving, opportunistic, insidious, treacherous, perfidious, two-faced, Janus-faced, tricky, double-dealing, unscrupulous, deceitful.
Example: Outsiders like me from Mumbai are often told Delhi is as Machiavellian a place as it can get—and that the only way to live and thrive here is either on the back of deception or brute force.
Meaning: a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.
(verb) , put in or restrict to an isolated or segregated area or group.But, as stories go, apparently, Example: Every tenant in Asia’s largest ghetto that is Dharavi is an entrepreneur or a gangster. And those who luck out get to become Amitabh Bachchan. What a slick story to tell white people clicking pictures on a tour of the third world.
Meaning: material used for surfacing roads or other outdoor areas, consisting of broken stone mixed with tar.
Meaning: surface (a road or other outdoor area) with tarmac or a similar material.
Example: These were among a bunch of questions playing on my mind as my flight touched down on the tarmac in New Delhi, a city I am familiar with but, like all “Bombay Boys” are, am wary of.
Meaning: 1.walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall.
synonyms: lurch, walk unsteadily, reel, sway, teeter, totter, stumble, wobble, move clumsily, weave, flounder, falter, pitch, roll
Meaning: 2.astonish or deeply shock.
synonyms: astonish, amaze, nonplus, startle, astound, surprise, bewilder, stun, flabbergast, shock, shake, stop someone in their tracks, stupefy, leave open-mouthed, take someone’s breath away, dumbfound, daze, benumb, confound, disconcert, shatter.
Example: It was inevitable then that the mind turn to that staggering work of intellectual ferocity which is Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Harari, an Israeli historian.
6.Tour de force (noun)
Meaning: a performance or achievement that has been accomplished or managed with great skill.
synonyms: triumph, masterpiece, supreme example, coup, marvellous feat, feather in one’s cap, wonder, sensation, master stroke.
Example: It is a tour de force first published in 2014. He is the kind of man who can wander the lanes and bylanes of themes as diverse as history, philosophy, politics, biology and deploy all of it to understand the nature of contemporary discourse and attempt to look at the future.
Meaning: a measuring rod a yard long, typically divided into inches.
a standard used for comparison.
synonyms: standard, measure, gauge, scale, guide, guideline, indicator, test, touchstone, barometer, specification, criterion, norm, average, benchmark, point of reference, model, pattern, rule, principle, paradigm, convention, ideal
Example: Harari proposes an interesting hypothesis that is the subject of much debate and scrutiny. By all accounts, humans are among the weakest of all species. By any which yardstick, it was only on the back of a genetic mutation that we may have come to dominate the planet. The most dominant theory is that it is our ability to converse and deploy language to communicate.
Meaning: extend the application of (a method or conclusion) to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continue or similar methods will be applicable.
Example: Extrapolate this leader’s words into a tribe of say a few million people. And a few million people can constitute a nation; in India’s case, there are over a billion. What is a nation? How do you wield control over a nation?
Meaning: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.
Synonyms: apparently, seemingly, on the face of it, to all appearances, on the surface, to all intents and purposes, outwardly, superficially, allegedly, professedly, supposedly, purportedly.
Example: And that brings me back to Delhi and the power this city ostensibly exudes. It is just a fable. There is nothing extraordinary here. Once you’ve gotten past the shock and the awe, the only reason this city exists as the capital is because it is home to the best gossip mongers in India.
Meaning: express one’s opinions in a pompous and dogmatic way.
synonyms: hold forth, expound, declaim, preach, lay down the law, express one’s opinion (pompously), sound off, spout (off), dogmatize, sermonize, moralize, pronounce,
Example: They know the country and its people, are supremely intelligent creatures that have to walk a thin line that does not upset the political interests of the ruling dispensation or the long-term interests of the country, even as they ignore noises from the vocal few who scream on primetime television every evening, pontificate about policy in 140 characters on Twitter every minute and light candles for all that has gone wrong. If it weren’t for them, 1.3 billion people would come to a standstill.
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