Example: The two slow moving trend lines clearly discernible since the Cold War ended a quarter century ago are the shift of the geopolitical centre of gravity from the Euro-Atlantic to the Indo-Pacific region and the rise of China. The U.S. ‘rebalancing’ announced in 2011 was a belated recognition of these changes, driven home by the impact of the 2008 financial crisis.
Meaning:a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
Example: It is hardly surprising that things have come to a head again. This unscientific and irrational approach to city planning and architecture displays the extent to which the malaise has spread. Public money is being wasted on political hubris and nonsensical notions of public architecture.
Meaning: continuing for a long time or longer than usual; lengthy.
Example: The World Bank, in fact, has said that India’s external dynamics remain very favourable given the size of its economy and foreign reserve holdings. But a prolonged period of unfavourable trade balance when combined with volatile international capital flows can lead to unsavoury macroeconomic situations.
Meaning: make legally null and void; invalidate.
Synonyms: annul, declare null and void, render null and void, void, invalidate, render invalid, cancel out, neutralize, negate, render ineffective, make of no use or value.
Example: Bangladesh’s Parliament raised the stakes in a stand-off against the judiciary last week by passing a unanimous resolution to take “proper legal steps” over a Supreme Court verdict nullifying the Constitution’s 16th amendment.
Meaning: directly opposed or contrasted; mutually incompatible.
Synonyms: (directly) opposed to, contrary to, contradictory to, conflicting with, incompatible with, irreconcilable with, inconsistent with, at variance with, at odds with, contrasting with, different from/to, differing from, divergent from, unlike.
Example: The Supreme Court had in July this year scrapped the amendment, suggesting that it was antithetical to the independence of the judiciary and restored the Supreme Judicial Council, headed by the Chief Justice, with powers to remove errant judges. The Parliament, dominated by the Awami League, not only resolved to reverse the Supreme Court’s decision, but also found fault with Chief Justice S.K. Sinha’s comments in this regard.
Meaning: an action or remark that causes outrage or offence.
Example: The Parliament, dominated by the Awami League, not only resolved to reverse the Supreme Court’s decision, but also found fault with Chief Justice S.K. Sinha’s comments in this regard. He had said that the Constitution was a product of the collective will of the people and not just one individual, which was interpreted as an affront to “Bangabandhu”, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, by the ruling Awami League. The largest party in opposition, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, is not represented in Parliament as it had boycotted the elections held in 2014.
7.Recalcitrant (adjective) Meaning: having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline. Example: The absence of a mechanism to discipline recalcitrant judges is another glaring lacuna in the existing system.
8.Banality (noun) Meaning: the fact or condition of being banal; unoriginality. Synonyms: triteness, platitudinousness, vapidity, pedestrianism, conventionality, predictability, staleness, unimaginativeness, lack of originality, lack of inspiration, prosaicness. Example: The National Health Policy (NHP), 2017, is long on banalities and short on specifics. In a somewhat glaring omission, little has been said about the rapid rise in the share of the old — i.e. 60 years or more — and associated morbidities, especially sharply rising non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and disabilities.
9.Catastrophic (adjective) Meaning: involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering., extremely unfortunate or unsuccessful. Synonyms: disastrous, calamitous, cataclysmic, ruinous, tragic, fatal, dire, awful, terrible, dreadful, black, woeful, grievous, lamentable, miserable, unfortunate. Example: In the context of declining family support and severely limited old-age income security, catastrophic consequences for destitutes afflicted with these conditions can’t be ruled out.
10.Prevalence (noun) Meaning: the fact or condition of being prevalent; commonness. Synonyms: commonness, currency, widespread presence, generality, pervasiveness, universality, extensiveness, ubiquity, ubiquitousness. Example: Wealth quartiles were constructed to examine whether prevalence of NCDs varied across them and over time. The burden of NCDs shifted from the most affluent to the least affluent over this period.
Note: We will provide All type of Important root words in the upcoming posts as well, so stay tuned for more rules and tricks.
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