Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.
प्रिय विद्यार्थियों, हम आपको The HINDU Newspaper Editorial के Vocabulary Words प्रदान कर रहे हैं. हमारा सुझाव है कि आप दैनिक समाचार पत्र पढ़ते रहिये यदि आप The Hindu पढ़ नहीं पा रहे हैं, तो हम संपादकीय अनुभाग से प्रति दिन महत्वपूर्ण शब्दों को पोस्ट करेंगे. ये vocab words आपकी प्रतिस्पर्धी परीक्षाओं में बहुत मदद करेंगे. हम अर्थ सहित 10 अंग्रेजी के शब्द उपलब्ध करा रहे हैं इनका अच्छे से अध्ययन करें.
1.Resolution (noun) : संकल्प
Meaning: a firm decision to do or not to do something.
Synonyms: intention, resolve, decision, intent, aim, aspiration, design, purpose, object, plan.
Example: On October 3, the Supreme Court’s collegium published a resolution promising to hereafter make public, on the court’s website, its various decisions, including its verdicts on persons nominated for elevation as judges to the high courts, its choices of candidates for elevation to the Supreme Court, and its decisions on transfer of judges between different high courts.
2.Underpinning (noun) : मज़बूती, एक इमारत को समर्थन या मजबूत करने के लिए जमीन के नीचे स्थित एक ठोस नींव
Meaning: a solid foundation laid below ground level to support or strengthen a building, a set of ideas, motives, or devices which justify or form the basis for something.
Example: These results, the resolution added, will be accompanied by the reasons underpinning the collegium’s choices.
3.Notorious (adjective): कुख्यात
Meaning: famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed.
Synonyms: infamous, of ill repute, with a bad reputation/name, ill-famed, scandalous.
Example: At first blush, the move strikes us as both necessary and important, as bringing transparency into a system that has been notorious for its opacity.
4.Veneer (noun) : पोशिश, दिखावा
Meaning: a thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to a coarser wood or other material, cover (something) with a decorative layer of fine wood.
Example: But when probed deeper, on even a bare reading of the first set of publications released by the collegium, it becomes clear that the initiative adds, at best, a veneer of respectability to a mechanism that lacks any constitutional basis.
5.Verbatim (adverb) : प्रतिशब्द
Meaning: in exactly the same words as were used originally.
Synonyms: word for word, letter for letter, line for line, to the letter, literally, exactly, precisely, in
every detail, faithfully, religiously, rigorously, punctiliously, with strict attention to detail.
Example: Consider some of the reasons professed thus far. In the cases of A. Zakir Hussain and Dr. K. Arul, candidates nominated for elevation to the Madras High Court, the collegium has verbatim published the following statement of rejection: “keeping in view the material on record, including the report of Intelligence Bureau [IB] he is not found suitable for elevation to the High Court Bench.”
6.Rebuff (verb) : प्रतिघात
Meaning: reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.
Synonyms: reject, turn down, spurn, refuse, decline, repudiate, disdain.
Example: The details of what the IB’s reports might contain and the apparent materials on record remain concealed.Yet, threadbare as these reasons might sound, those offered for rebuffing the nomination of Vasudevan V.N., a judicial member of the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, are particularly perplexing.
7.Inception (noun) : आरंभ
Meaning: the establishment or starting point of an institution or activity.
Synonyms: establishment, institution, foundation, founding, formation, initiation, setting up, origination, constitution, inauguration.
Example: The collegium, ever since its inception, following the Supreme Court’s judgment in what is known as the Second Judges Case (1993) has been enveloped by a sense of the hugger-mugger. The present revelations, much opposed to their perceived objective, scarcely make the system more transparent.
8.Peculiar (adjective) : अजीब
Meaning: different to what is normal or expected; strange.
Synonyms: strange, unusual, odd, funny, curious, bizarre, weird, uncanny, queer, unexpected, unfamiliar, abnormal, atypical, anomalous, untypical, different, out of the ordinary, out of the way.
Example: Also peculiar is the collegium’s express noting that Mr. Vasudevan had previously been recommended by two different high court collegia, which would mean that, in all, the chief justices of three high courts, at different points of time, found him worthy of selection. But, we’re now left wondering how the view of one “consultee judge” — whose reasons aren’t provided to us — can override the opinion of three chief justices of three different high courts.
9.Inscrutable (adjective) : समझने में असंभव
Meaning: impossible to understand or interpret.
Synonyms: enigmatic, unreadable, impenetrable, mysterious, impossible to interpret, cryptic.
Example: These issues concerning the system employed to appoint judges to the Supreme Court and the high courts — even if they often involve matters of inscrutable procedure — are of particular salience. The judiciary, after all, was regarded by the Constitution’s framers as central to the social revolution that the document was meant to herald.
10.Hostility (noun) : शत्रुता, विरोधी
Meaning: hostile behaviour; unfriendliness or opposition.
Synonyms: antagonism, unfriendliness, bitterness, malevolence, malice, unkindness, spite, spitefulness, rancour, rancorousness, venom, wrath, anger, hatred.
Example: But perhaps mindful of some of the hostility that the system was facing, the judgment also promised to “consider introduction of appropriate measures”, to improve the “collegium system”.