Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.
Meaning: a complex or unwelcome consequence of an action or event.
Synonyms: consequence, result, aftermath, outcome, effect, upshot, issue, sequel;
Example: What’s more, the internationalisation of the dispute potentially comes with its
political ramifications for India. But much as all these considerations can serve as a basis for cynicism, we mustn’t despair at India’s choice. Its victory, impermanent as it may ultimately prove to be, must be celebrated for what it is: a vindication of the rule of law.
Meaning: cause (an event or situation, typically one that is undesirable) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely.
synonyms: bring about, bring on, cause, lead to, occasion, give rise to, trigger, spark, touch off, provoke, hasten, accelerate, expedite, speed up, advance, quicken, push forward, further, instigate, induce.
Example: While Pakistan is free to cite legal and technical points in its favour, it hardly requires iteration that it should avoid any precipitate move that would frustrate the ongoing proceedings before the ICJ. Pakistan’s adherence to international law will be under test.
Meaning: interchange the positions of (members of a team, especially government ministers).
synonyms: reorganize, restructure, change, change around, change the line-up of, shake up, rearrange, interchange, shuffle, regroup, rejig, redistribute.
Example: The recent cabinet reshuffle in Odisha by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik seems to be clearly aimed at preparing his Biju Janata Dal (BJD) for the impending clash with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the 2019 Assembly and Lok Sabha elections in the State.
Meaning: overcome (a difficulty or obstacle).
synonyms: overcome, conquer, get over, prevail over, triumph over, get the better of, beat, vanquish.
Example: The obstacles Goswami has had to surmount, though, are perhaps more formidable
than what Gavaskar had to counter, in the sense that hers is also a contest against a patriarchal system steeped in gender prejudices.
Meaning: based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.
Synonyms: observed, seen, factual, actual, real, verifiable, first-hand.
Example: Despite consistent empirical evidence which shows that international law positively influences state behaviour, these questions.
Meaning: excessively lengthy or technical speech or writing.
synonyms: verbosity, verboseness, padding, wordiness, prolixity, prolixness, superfluity, redundancy, long-windedness, lengthiness, protractedness, discursiveness, expansiveness, digressiveness, convolution, circumlocution, circuitousness, rambling, wandering.
Example: Rewriting some Clinton Global Initiative verbiage about empowering women, for example, Evans ends up with this terse sentence: “Girls could increase global G.D.P. by as much as 5.4 percent.
Meaning: using or of the nature of a euphemism.
synonyms: polite, substitute, mild, understated, softened, indirect, neutral, evasive, diplomatic, coded, newspeak, vague, inoffensive, genteel
Example: The fun begins to flag, however, when Evans invites us into what he calls his “sentence clinic.” There we are suffered to see him in editorial action, applying his surgical tools to specimens of bloated, dull, euphemistic, incomprehensible prose: newspaper articles, academic writing and, later, at coruscating length, the entire 2010 White House report on the “underwear bomber” (Evans’s analysis/reworking of this document occupies nearly 50 pages).
Meaning: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
Synonyms: spying, undercover work, cloak-and-dagger activities, surveillance, reconnaissance, intelligence, eavesdropping, infiltration, counter-espionage, counter-intelligence;
Example: Pakistan claims that these actions do not breach the Vienna Convention, as Jadhav was involved in espionage and sabotage.
Meaning: a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.
Synonyms: scuffle, fight, struggle, skirmish, brawl, scrimmage, scramble, scrum, fisticuffs, wrestling match, rough and tumble, free-for-all, fracas, fray, rumpus, melee, disturbance.
Example: The tussle with the judiciary and the frivolous use of impeachment makes any understanding with the opposition prior to the elections even more unlikely.
Meaning: a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Synonyms: charge, accusation, arraignment, citation, summons.
Example: All said, the action of impeachment of a serving Chief Justice is yet another indictment of the Nepali political class, which needs to rise above petty and narrow interests after its momentous achievement of overturning the monarchy a decade ago.
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