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The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary for IB ACIO Exam 2017

The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary for IB ACIO Exam 2017_40.1
Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.

1.Hound (verb)

Meaning: harass, persecute, or pursue relentlessly.
Synonyms: harass, persecute, harry, pester, bother, trouble, annoy, badger, torment, bedevil.
Example: Excluded from the 135 officially recognised ethnic groups, the Rohingya have been harassed and hounded by the Myanmar authorities for decades. The latest surge follows attacks on police posts by an extremist Rohingya group in late August and military action. While the Myanmar authorities claim that 400 lives have been lost, advocates cite double this number.
2.Atrocious (adjective)
Meaning: horrifyingly wicked.
Synonyms: brutal, barbaric, barbarous, brutish, savage, vicious, wicked, cruel, nasty, ruthless, merciless, villainous, murderous, heinous, nefarious, monstrous, base, low, low-down.
Example: In doing so, he overlooked the atrocious crimes committed in the neighbourhood and almost turned a blind eye to both the untold sufferings caused to the refugees fleeing persecution and the resulting difficulties that a resource-constrained country such as Bangladesh has been put to — a country which Indian politicians and officials frequently refer to as a role model of friendship in India’s neighbourhood.
3.Eloquent (adjective)
Meaning: fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing.
Synonyms: persuasive, expressive, articulate, fluent
Example: In his 2015 visit to Bangladesh, Mr. Modi used eloquent phrases to describe the India-Bangladesh friendship. Since 2009, Bangladesh has emerged as one of India’s most trusted neighbours, with Dhaka addressing almost all of New Delhi’s security concerns. 
4.Nonchalant (adjective)
Meaning: (of a person or manner) feeling or appearing casually calm and relaxed; not displaying anxiety, interest, or enthusiasm.
Example: While Myanmar is an important factor in India’s ocean diplomacy and a valuable stakeholder in its ‘Look East’ Policy, India’s nonchalant attitude towards the humanitarian plight of the Rohingya reflects inadequate moral leadership and an inability to rise to the occasion as expected from a regional power vying to enhance its influence in the neighbourhood.
5.Eerily (adverb)
Meaning: in a strange and frightening manner.
Example: The manner in which all four were killed is eerily similar: bike-borne men firing at them at close range using a country-made gun.
6.Plebiscite (noun)
Meaning: the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution.
Synonyms: vote, referendum, ballot, poll.
Example: Although the constitutional court has invalidated the plebiscite, the prospects for the conduct of the poll appear more realistic, whatever its legal and political implications. Conversely, the confiscation of ballot boxes by the police, or their refusal to allow polling booths to be opened, seem to be more a theoretical possibility given the broader regional context. 
7.Impunity (noun)
Meaning: exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Synonyms: immunity, indemnity, exemption from punishment, freedom from punishment, exemption, non-liability.
Example: There are two types of impunity that undermine press freedom. The first kind is obvious: the physical and verbal attacks, maiming, and killing of journalists. In the wake of journalist and activist Gauri Lankesh’s murder, the focus is rightly on this visible form of impunity enjoyed by anti-social elements who unleash fear among journalists.
8.Poignant (adjective)
Meaning: evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret.
Synonyms: touching, moving, sad, saddening, affecting, pitiful, piteous, pitiable, pathetic, sorrowful, mournful, tearful, wretched, miserable, bitter, painful, distressing, disturbing, heart-rending, heartbreaking, tear-jerking, plaintive, upsetting, tragic.
Example: Two similar narrative arches, two survivalists meeting on the biggest stage yet of their career. And when it was finally over, tears mixed with sweat. In a poignant moment that seemed to never end, it was unclear who was hanging on to whom: Madison Keys, the vanquished or Sloane Stephens, the victor.
9.Catapult (verb)
Meaning: hurl or launch (something) with or as if with a catapult.
Synonyms: propel, launch, hurl, hurtle, fling, send flying, send, let fly, let loose, fire, blast, shoot.
Example: Catapulted from a ranking of 957 earlier this year, Stephens will now sit on a comfortable No. 17 on Monday. Her best friend will move up to rank 12. If this tournament was any indication, this will be a friendship — and maybe a rivalry, because why not? — that will surely deepen over the years to come as the women’s game transitions to a younger generation.
10.Serenity (noun)
Meaning: the state of being calm, peaceful, and untroubled.
Synonyms: calmness, calm, composure, tranquillity, peacefulness, peace of mind, peace, peaceableness, collectedness, poise, aplomb, self-possession, sangfroid.
Example: There is a sense of serenity about Steve Smith; both at the crease and while interacting with the media. You gaze into his eyes and you can see that immense focus.

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