Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.
Meaning: cause (something unpleasant or painful) to be suffered by someone or something, impose something unwelcome on.
Synonyms: administer to, deal out to, mete out to, serve out to, deliver to, apply to, impose, force, press, thrust, foist.
Example: The Army has inflicted heavy casualties on NSCN(K) militants in an operation close to the Myanmar border on Wednesday morning, the Kolkata-based Eastern Army Command has said.
Meaning: based on a mistaken belief.
Synonyms: erroneous, false, untrue, wrong, incorrect, faulty, flawed, inaccurate, inexact, imprecise, mistaken, misinformed, misguided, misleading, deceptive, delusive, delusory, illusory.
Antonyms: true, correct.
Example: The argument that government access to our personal information is justified because Facebook has it anyway is fallacious. Neither entity should have unrestricted access to this information. Governments are currently far more powerful than Facebook, with their control of the police, the army and other instruments of force, which is why human rights protect us from government power.
Meaning: strange and frightening.
Synonyms: uncanny, sinister, ghostly, spectral, unnatural, unearthly, preternatural, supernatural, other-worldly, unreal, mysterious, strange, abnormal, odd, curious, queer, weird, bizarre,
Antonyms: normal, reassuring
Example: Future judges will be confronted with the Internet of Things, big data, bio-hacking, algorithms and potentially even artificial intelligence, and a country in which a citizen is monitored down to her heartbeat. Technology is already able to predict our moods, political leanings, retail preferences, relationships and medical condition with eerie efficiency.
Meaning: provide or give (a service, help, etc.)., cause to be or become; make.
Synonyms: give, provide, supply, furnish, make available, contribute, make.
Example: “In view of the examination of the facts and evidence on record and the analysis of the decisions rendered by the Supreme Court, the Election Commission concludes that the respondent had given his implied authorization for the publication of the advertisements in question and had knowingly taken advantage of the same,” the commission said in its order.
Meaning: cause (someone) to become unable to walk or move properly.
Synonyms: disable, paralyse, immobilize, make lame, lame, incapacitate, debilitate.
Example: The crippling nature of this narrowness becomes most clear when one of the “peripheral” states in Delhi terms—say, Tamil Nadu or Arunachal Pradesh—finds itself unlucky enough to be the subject of primetime English language news television. Surely my Tamil and Arunachali friends have had to sit with their mouths open as “pundits” wax eloquent on local matters with Olympian ignorance of their state’s past or future.
Meaning: the action of describing or portraying something precisely., the action of indicating the exact position of a border or boundary.
Synonyms: portrayal, description, presentation, depiction, representation, picture, portrait.
Example: The delineation of shared interests as “democratic stalwarts” and “responsible stewards” in the joint statement (“Prosperity Through Partnership”) on the Indo-Pacific (a formulation more India-inclusive than earlier ones) is to be noted.
Meaning: spread throughout (something); pervade.
Synonyms: pervade, spread through, fill, filter through, diffuse through, imbue, penetrate, pass through, percolate through, perfuse, extend throughout, be disseminated through, flow through, charge, suffuse, run through, steep, impregnate, inform, infiltrate
Example: While the plains politicians, many of whom lost elections in 2013 and don’t have a seat in Parliament, have created endless hurdles in attempts to implement the Constitution, the ‘national’ politicians of Kathmandu refuse to exhibit the inclusive spirit that permeates the new charter they themselves adopted.
Meaning: come together to form one mass or whole.
Example: The plains-based parties, which recently coalesced into the Rastriya Janata Party (RJP), have been able to manipulate the weaknesses of the present Nepali Congress-Maoist coalition government to force unconscionable compromises in conduct of the elections.
Meaning: (of a horse) having shoes with nail heads projecting to prevent slipping.
Example: Through immediate amendment to the Constitution, running roughshod over parliamentary procedure, they want to increase the number of local bodies units in the plains, adjust the electoral college system for the Upper House, and redefine the boundaries of the newly minted provinces — essentially setting a Lakshman Rekha between hill and plain.
Meaning: a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
Synonyms: misrepresentation, distortion, perversion, corruption, poor imitation, poor substitute, mockery, parody, caricature;
Example: All of which is a travesty of constitutionalism, as the proper entity for amendment of provisions of substance would be the newly elected Parliament rather than the caretaker House of today. Among other things, redrawing of boundaries should require concurrence of the federal units concerned, rather than be a matter of unilateral decision by the centre.