Study notes on “VITAMINS” (Part-II) for SSC CGL Pre 2017

VITAMINS

Dear Students, SSC CGL 2017 Pre exam in scheduled in the month of June/July 2017. At SA, We are providing to you the NOTES ON GENERAL SCIENCE, these notes will help you build your basic understanding of all topics and you’ll be able to score maximum marks in SSC CGL Pre exam. Study, Revise and Learn all these notes by heart. 

VITAMIN A (Retinol)




SOURCE
Dairy products, cod liver oil,liver, dark green and yellow vegetables and fruits

FUNCTION

  • Maintains eye health
  • Promotes growth and development, maintains healthy bones and teeth
  • Enhances the protection and regeneration of cells and mucous membrane
  • Maintains healthy respiratory and intestinal tracts
  • Maintain healthy hair, nails and skin

SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY

  • Night blindness, dry eyes
  • Dry skin
  • Stomach discomfort
  • Poor growth
  • Weak bones and teeth

SYMPTOMS OF EXCESS

  • Dry, scaly, peeling, and itchy skin, rash
  • Hair loss
  • Poor appetite, fatigue
  • Vomiting, stomach discomfort
  • Liver injury
  • Headache, bone pain
  • Nervousness, irritability


VITAMIN B

VITAMIN B1 (Thymine)

SOURCE
sprouts, yeast
Desease
Beri-beri

VITAMIN B2 (Ryboflabin)

SOURCE

sprout, present in cow’s milk(yellowish)
Desease
Cheilosis, ulceration

VITAMIN B6 (Pyridoxine)


FUNCTION
It is responsible for rememeber dreams.


SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY
  • Anaemia 
  • Nervousness, insomnia, depression 
  • Muscle cramps

VITAMIN C (Ascorbic acid)
SOURCE
Citrus fruits(orange,grapefruit,lemon),strawberry,black current,kiwi fruit, tomato, green leafy vegetables, green pepper

FUNCTION
  • Helps synthesize collagen; promotes the growth and repair of cells, gum, teeth, blood vessels and bones
  • Helps healing after operation and injury
  • Helps calcium and iron absorption
  • Enhances immunity
SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY
  • Scurvy
  • Gum
  • inflammation and bleeding, fall of teeth
  • Susceptibility to skin bleeding, burst of capillary vessels
  • Weakness, fatigue
  • Bone pain, swollen and aching joints
SYMPTOMS OF EXCESS
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Kidney stone

In smokers and drinkers vitamin C is absent.








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