The WESTERN GHATS
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The WESTERN GHATS Which are also known as the Sahyadri Mountains, from the western edge of the Deccan Plateau. The Western Ghats lie parallel to the western coast. They are continuous and can be crossed through passes only.
➤➤The Ghats start from the south of the Tapti River near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra and extend up to nearly 1,600 km.
➤➤The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are covered by the Ghats.
➤➤The average height of the Western Ghats is approximately 900 m.
➤➤In Maharashtra – Kalsubai 1,646 m (5,427 ft), Mahabaleshwar 1,438 m (4,710 ft) and Harishchandragarh 1,424 m (4,691 ft);
In south-west Karnataka, Kudremukh at 1,862 m;
In Kerala- Anaimudi (2695 m) are the highest peaks of the Western Ghats.
➤➤The height of the Western Ghats progressively increases from north to south. The highest peaks include the AnaiMudi (2,695metres) and the Doda Betta (2,637 metres).Mahendragiri (1,501 metres) is the highest peak in the Eastern Ghats.
➤➤The southern part of the Western Ghats mountain ranges harbour the Nilgiri hills, which serve as the meeting point of the Western and Eastern Ghats.
➤➤There are a number of gaps and passes in the Western Ghats, notable among them being The Pal Ghat, The Thal Ghat and the Bhor Ghat.The widest gap in the range, the Pal Ghat Gap (Palakkad Gap), joins Tamil Nadu to Kerala.
➤➤The slopes facing the west in the Ghats receive much more rain than those facing the east. The Western Ghats cause orographic rain by facing the rain bearing moist winds to rise along the western slopes of the Ghats.
The Western Ghats serve as the most important watershed for peninsular India.
➤➤The Western Ghats are called Ecological hotspot of India. It is one of the hottest spots in the world.
➤➤It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India.
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