- Jainism was founded by Aadinath and Rishabha Dev, while the real founder was Mahavir swami.
- The five Mahavarta (important principles) of Jainism are-: Ahimsa, Satya (truth), Asteya (not to steal), Aparigraha and Brahmacharya.
- The first 4 was added by 23rd Tirthankar “Parasnath” while the 5th was added by Mahavir.
- Vardhamana Mahavira was a contemporary of Buddha.
- He was born in 540 BC at kundigram in Vaishali(Bihar).
- He was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis, a group that was part of the Vajji sangha.
- The parents of Mahavira were Siddhartha and Trishala.His childhood name was Vardhmaan.
- Mahavira married a princess named Yashoda.
- Anujya or Priyadarshna was the daughter of Mahavira who was married to Jamali.
- At the age of 30, Mahavira took permission from his elder brother “Nandi Vardhan” and left his home.
- At the age of 42 years, under Sal tree on the bank of river Rijupalika, He attained the highest spiritual knowledge.
- He died in 468 B.C because of self-starvation at Pava, near Rajgriha.
- Mahavir gave his first sermon at Pava to 11 Brahman.
- Jains believe that by following the three-fold path of right Belief, right Knowledge and right Conduct, souls will be released from transmigration and reach the pure and blissful abode.
- First Jain Council was held at Patliputra under the chairmanship of Sthulabhadra in 367 B.C.It resulted in the compilation of 12 Angas replacing the lost 14 Purvas.
- The Second Jain Council was held at Vallabhi under the chairmanship of Devardhi in 526 A.D.
- Jainism literature: They were written in Prakrit language.
- Aachrang Sutra- Tells about meditation of Mahavir for 12 years.
- Kalpa-sutra – Biographies of Jain Tirthankaras mainly ParashnaMahavir.
- Bhagwati Sutra – It contains thousands of question and answers on various topics from four Anuyogas, Such as soul, entities, matter, ultimate particles and universe.
You may also like to read:
Prepare for all SSC exams like SSC CGL,CHSL,CPO,Stenographer,MTS,Selection post and GD Constable etc from India’s Best Teaching Educators!
About SSC ka Maha Pack:
SSC ka Maha Pack is a full-fledged course which incorporates all the essentials like Live online classes, Test series, Video courses, eBooks & countless unprecedented features that will help you excel in all the upcoming Teaching exams like SSC CGL,CHSL,CPO,Stenographer,MTS,Selection post and GD Constable etc
You get access to:
- 200+ Hours of Live Classes
- 300+ Recorded Videos
- 500+ Total Tests
- 100+ Ebooks
- Teacher's Class Notes/Slides.
Classes: Hindi and English (Bilingual)
Study Material: English and Hindi
Tests: English and Hindi
Validity: 1 Month
Offer available for ADDA247 APP. Download the APP Now.
- 1400+ Tests
- Detailed Solutions and Analysis
- Content by Expert Faculties
- 14 Months
- 1 Month
- 3 Months