Important Points about President of India for SSC CGL 2017


THE PRESIDENT

The executive branch of the Union government is headed by the President, in whom the Constitution vests a formidable array of powers. The President serves as the head of state and the supreme commander of the armed forces. Article 52 says that there shall be a President of India and that the executive power of the Union will be vested in him, exercised by him, directly or through officials subordinate to him, in accordance with the Constitution of India. However, though he is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of government and represents the nation, he does not rule it. The real power rests with the Council of Ministers.
BASIC QUALIFICATIONS
(i) He must be a citizen of India;
(ii) He must not be less than 35 years of age;
(iii) He must be qualified to be an elected member of the LokSabha but shall not be a member;
PRESIDENTS OF INDIA
NAME TENURE NOTES
1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)
 26 January 1950-13 May 1962     
First President and also had the longest tenure (12 years)
2. Dr. S. Radhakrishanan (1888-1975)  13 May 1962-13 May 1967

3. Dr. ZakirHussain (1897-1969) 13 May 1967-3 May 1969 Shortest tenure;
First Muslim President;  First President to die in harness
4. V.V. Giri (1894-1980) 3 May 1969-20 July 1969 First acting President of India
5. Justice Muhammad Hidayatullah (1905-1992) 20 July 1969-24 August 1969 The first chief justice of India who became president
6. VarahagiriVenkataGiri (1894-1980) 24 August 1969-24 August 1974


7. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1905-1977) 24 August 1974-11 February 1977 Died in office
8. B. D. Jatti (1912-2002) 11 February 1977-25 July 1977 Acting President

9. NeelamSanjiva Reddy (1913-1996) 25 July 1977-25 July 1982 Youngest President (64 years)
He was elected without any opposition
10. GianiZail Singh (1916-1994) 25 July 1982-25 July 1987 First Sikh President


11. R. Venkataraman (1910-2009) 25 July 1987-25 July 1992 Oldest President (76 years)
12. Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918-1999) 25 July 1992 – July 1997


13. K.R. Narayanan (1920-2005) 25 July 1997-25 July 2002 First Dalit President
14. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (1931-2015) 25 July 2002-25 July 2007

First scientist to become President
15. PratibhaDevisinghPatil (b. 1934) 25 July 2007-25 July 2012 First woman to become President
16. Pranab Mukherjee (b. 1935) 25 July to till date First President from West Bengal


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