SSC CGL Tier 2 English Cloze Test Quiz: 25 June

SSC CGL 2018-19 Tier 2 is to be conducted from 11 to 13 September 2019. With 200 questions for 200 marks, English Language Section plays a vital role in the final selection of a candidate.  SSC CGL Tier 2 English quizzes being provided daily on SSCADDA are in the interest of candidates qualifying for SSC CGL Tier 2 and question quality is solely based on the expected experimentation of English Question paper for CGL Mains. 

Direction (1-5): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of alternative given.

The last decade has been __________ for management education and development. When the economies of most western countries were ______ in the early 1980’s there were ________ cuts both in corporate training and in higher education. During the boom years of the mid 1980’s there were some _____ in both areas. In the early 1990’s industrialized countries were in the _________ of another severe recession and a critical retrenchment was to be reasonably expected throughout the training world.

Q1. The last decade has been __________ for management education and development.
(a) inexplicable
(b) paradoxical
(c) parochial
(d) pugnacious

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S1. Ans.(b)
Sol. Inexplicable (adjective): unable to be explained or accounted for.
Paradoxical (adjective): a situation or statement seeming impossible or difficult to understand because it contains two opposite facts or characteristics.
Parochial (adjective): having a limited or narrow outlook or scope
Pugnacious (adjective): eager or quick to argue, quarrel, or fight.
Option B is the correct choice in terms of subsequent part of the passage and for its formal usage.
Hence option B fits in the context.

Q2. When the economies of most western countries were ______ in the early 1980’s
(a) gearing
(b) escalating
(c) faltering
(d) soaring

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S2. Ans.(c)
Sol. Falter (verb): become weak or less effective.
Option C is the correct usage as the subsequent part of the passage including early 1980’s and mid 1980’s denotes a difference in earlier and later conditions. Mid 1980’s has been called boom years which clearly displays early 1980’s poor condition, hence ‘faltering’ is the correct choice.
Hence Option C fits in the context.

Q3. There were ________ cuts both in corporate training and in higher education.
(a) judicious
(b) rebellious
(c) deep
(d) severe

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S3. Ans.(d)
Sol. The noun ‘cut’ which means a reduction in amount/size justifies the usage of adjective ‘severe’ with it which means (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense.
Hence Option D fits in the context.

Q4. During the boom years of the mid 1980’s there were some _____ in both areas.
(a) reactions
(b) slashing
(c) pro-activity
(d) curiosity

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S4. Ans.(a)
Sol. Reaction (noun): something done, felt, or thought in response to a situation or event while Proactivity or proactive behavior by individuals refers to anticipatory, change-oriented and self-initiated behavior in situations.
Moreover ‘some’ will take a plural noun after it and hence option A fits in the context.

Q5. In the early 1990’s industrialized countries were in the _________ of another severe recession and a critical retrenchment
(a) area
(b) grip
(c) context
(d) mood

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S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. Grip (noun): a firm hold; a tight grasp.
Hence Option B is the correct choice.

Direction (6-10): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of alternative given.

On the cusp of the southwest monsoon, several _________States are hoping to revive their rivers and reservoirs with _________rain. One of them is Gujarat, which is _______ by the long-tail effect of a _________monsoon between August and November last year. The State government has embarked on a labor-intensive programme to desilt rivers and waterbodies ahead of the rains. Its ___________reflects the larger reality of drought in India, aggravated by heat waves and significant rain deficits in different regions.

Q6. On the cusp of the southwest monsoon, several _________States are hoping to revive
(a) parched
(b) arid
(c) stifling
(d) united

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S6. Ans.(b)
Sol. Parched: dried out with heat.
Arid: (of land or a climate) having little or no rain; too dry or barren to support vegetation.
Stifling: (of heat, air, or a room) very hot and causing difficulties in breathing; suffocating.
Hence option B fits in the context.

Q7. Their rivers and reservoirs with _________rain.
(a) jollity
(b) delectated
(c) inundated
(d) bountiful

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S7. Ans.(d)
Sol. Jollity(noun): lively and cheerful activity or celebration.
Delectate (verb): to obtain pleasure from or take pleasure in something.
Inundate(verb): flood
Bountiful (adjective): large in quantity; abundant.
Hence option D is the right usage.

Q8. One of them is Gujarat, which is _______ by the long-tail effect
(a) interrupted
(b) roiled
(c) reviled
(d) stile

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S8. Ans.(b)
Sol. Roil(verb): to move turbulently: be in a state of turbulence or agitation.
Revile(verb): criticize in an abusive or angrily insulting manner.
Stile(noun): an arrangement of steps that allows people but not animals to climb over a fence or wall.
Hence option B fits in the context.

Q9. Of a _________monsoon between August and November last year.
(a) opulent
(b) defected
(c) deficit
(d) unwanted

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S9. Ans.(c)
Sol. Opulent: amply or plentifully provided often to the point of ostentation.
Deficit: shortfall; deficiency.
Hence option C fits in the context.

Q10. Its ___________reflects the larger reality of drought in India, aggravated by heat waves and significant rain deficits in different regions.
(a) breakthrough
(b) tumult
(c) predicament
(d) impasse

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S10. Ans.(c)
Sol. Breakthrough: an instance of achieving success in a particular sphere or activity.
Tumult: a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people.
Predicament: a difficult or unpleasant situation.
Impasse: a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement.
Hence Option C fits in the context.