SSC CGL 2018-19 Tier 2 is to be conducted from 11 to 13 September 2019. With 200 questions for 200 marks, English Language Section plays a vital role in the final selection of a candidate. SSC CGL Tier 2 English quizzes being provided daily on SSCADDA are in the interest of candidates qualifying for SSC CGL Tier 2 and question quality is solely based on the expected experimentation of English Question paper for CGL Mains.
Direction (1-10): In these questions a sentence has been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested below, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active Voice.
Q1. The shopkeeper lowered the prices.
(a) The prices lowered the shopkeeper
(b) The prices were lowered by the shopkeeper.
(c) Down went the prices.
(d) The shopkeeper got down the prices.
Q2. The government has not approved the new drug for sale.
(a) The government approval for the sale by the new drug has not been given.
(b) The new drug has not been approved for sale by the government.
(c) For the sale of the new drug we have not been given the approval.
(d) The new drug was not approved by the government.
Q3. They have published all the details of the invention.
(a) All the details of the invention have been published by them.
(b) The publication of the details of invention was done by them.
(c) All the details have been invented by the publishers.
(d) All the inventions have been detailed by them.
Q4. I hope that I shall win this debate competition.
(a) It is hoped that this debate competition will be won by me.
(b) Winning the debate competition is hoped by me.
(c) It is hoped that this debate competition shall win by me.
(d) The debate competition is hoped to be won.
Q5. When Ram arrived home, police arrested him.
(a) When Ram arrived home, he had been arrested by police.
(b) When Ram arrived home, he is arrested by police.
(c) When Ram arrived home, he was arrested by police.
(d) When Ram arrived home, he was being arrested by police.
Q6. He was taken to the hospital by his friends.
(a) His friends had taken him to the hospital.
(b) His friends have taken him to the hospital.
(c) His friends take him to the hospital.
(d) His friends took him to the hospital.
Q7. They objected to my proposal.
(a) My proposal was to be objected by them.
(b) My proposal was to object by them.
(c) My proposal was objected by them.
(d) My proposal was objected to by them.
Q8. I have got a novel to read.
(a) A novel got by me is to read.
(b) A novel to read have been got by me.
(c) A novel is to be read by me which I got.
(d) None of the above.
Sol. When a subject is followed by a noun which is then followed by an infinitive (To + V1) and subject does the work itself, then no passive voice formation exists for such case. Hence option D is the correct choice in the given context as no passive voice will be formed.
Q9. I have to deposit some money.
(a) Some money has to be deposited by me.
(b) Some money have to be deposited by me.
(c) Some money has to deposit by me.
(d) Some money has to be deposit by me.
Sol. Active Voice: Subject + has/have + to + V1 (1st form) + object.
Passive Voice: Object + has/have (according to the object= new subject) + to + be + V3 (3rd form) + by subject. Moreover, money is an uncountable noun, hence will take ‘has’ with it.
Hence option A fits in the context.
Q10. They have been performing a drama at the stage.
(a) A drama has been performing by them at the stage.
(b) They have been performing a drama.
(c) A drama has been performed at the stage.
(d) None of the above.
Sol. No passive voice transformation exists for the Perfect Continuous Tense in Active Voice. Hence none of the options follows.