Seven Wonders of the World
A Swiss foundation started a campaign in 2000 to identify the New Seven Wonders of the World. Crores of people participated in the campaign, the outcomes of which were declared in 2007 resulting in to declaration of 7 New Wonders of the World. These are:
- Taj Mahal, Agra, India
- Great Wall of China, Beijing, China.
- Chichen Itza , Cancun, Mexico.
- Machu Pichu, Peru.
- Petra, Jordan – Petra: A rock cut past.
- The Colosseum , Rome.
- Christ the Redeemer Statue, Brazil.
1. Taj Mahal, Agra, India
The Taj Mahal complex is situated at Agra, India. It is thought to be the best example of Mughal architecture and one of the world’s most recognisable structures. Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1588) created it in memory of his wife Mumtz Maal, also known as “Chosen One of the Palace,” who passed away in 1631 while giving birth to their 14th child. The complex, which includes a sizable garden with a reflecting pool, was built over the course of around 22 years by 20,000 employees. The white marble mausoleum is decorated with semiprecious stones in geometric and floral motifs. Four smaller domes encircle its grand central dome. Some sources claim that Shah Jahan wanted his own mausoleum constructed of black marble.
2. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China
The Great Wall of China, one of the largest building construction projects in the world, is generally believed to be about 5,500 miles (8,850 km) long. However, a disputed Chinese study claims the length is 13,170 miles (21,200 km). Two millennia of work were put into it once it started in the 7th century BCE. Despite being referred to as a “wall,” the design really has long portions of two parallel walls. The barrier is also dotted with watchtowers and barracks. The wall’s effectiveness, though, wasn’t all that terrific. The wall mostly failed to offer true security, despite the fact that it was constructed to thwart invasions and attacks. Scholars have highlighted that it was more of “political propaganda” instead.
3. Chichen Itza , Cancun, Mexico
On the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, a Mayan metropolis called Chichen Itza flourished in the ninth and tenth centuries CE. Numerous significant monuments and temples were constructed by the Mayan tribe Itzá, who were heavily influenced by the Toltecs. The El Castillo (“The Castle”) stepped pyramid, which towers 79 feet (24 metres) over the Main Plaza, is one of the most prominent. The construction has a total of 365 steps, which corresponds to the number of days in a solar year, and is a monument to the Mayans’ astrological prowess. The spring and fall equinoxes produce shadows on the pyramid that appear to be a serpent sliding down the north stairs; a stone snake head is located at the base. There was more to life than job.
4. Machu Pichu, Peru
Hiram Bingham, who thought it was a covert Incan bastion used during the 16th-century uprising against Spanish power, “found” an Incan site close to Cuzco, Peru, in 1911. Scholars have been perplexed by Machu Pichu’s purpose, despite the fact that this assertion was eventually proven false. Bingham said it was inhabited by the “Virgins of the Sun,” females who took a vow of celibacy and resided in convents. Some people assume it was probably a place of pilgrimage, while others claim it was a royal retreat. (One thing that it obviously shouldn’t be is the setting of a beer advertisement. A crane employed for such an advertisement collapsed in 2000, damaging a landmark.) What is known is that one of the few significant pre-Columbian sites is Machu Picchu.
5. Petra, Jordan – Petra: A rock cut past
Petra, an ancient city of Jordan, is located in a remote valley, nestled among sandstone mountains and cliffs. It was purported to be one of the places where Moses struck a rock and water gushed forth. It was made capital by the Nabataeans, an Arab tribe. During this time it became an important trade center, especially for spices. As the city prospered, focus was given to architecture. The Nabataeans chiseled dwellings, temples, and tombs into the sandstone, which changed color with the shifting sun. They constructed a water system that allowed for lush gardens and farming. However, the city began to decline as major trade routes shifted. Also, a major earthquake in 363 CE caused severe difficulty, and people began to abandon the city. Another tremor hit in 551 further led to abandoning.
6. The Colosseum , Rome
The Colosseum in Rome was built in the 1st century by order of the Emperor Vespasian. It is considered a marvelous achievement of engineering. The amphitheater measures 620 by 513 feet and features a complex system of vaults. It used to have the capacity of holding 50,000 spectators at once. It notable features include gladiator fights, though men battling animals was also common. Additionally, water was sometimes pumped into the Colosseum for mock naval engagements. According to some sources, about 500,000 people died in the Colosseum. Many animals were captured and then killed there which has reportedly led to extinct of certain species.
7. Christ the Redeemer Statue, Brazil
Christ the Redeemer, a colossal statue of Jesus, stands atop Mount Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. It was built just after World War I, when some Brazilians feared a “tide of godlessness.” They proposed a statue, which was ultimately designed by Heitor da Silva Costa, Carlos Oswald, and Paul Landowski. It’s construction began in 1926. The monument stands 98 feet tall(excluding its base), and its outstretched arms as visible in the image given below, span 92 feet (28 meters). It is the largest Art Deco sculpture in the world. Christ the Redeemer is made of reinforced concrete. It is upsetting that the statue has often been struck by lightning and has been damaged as a result.
7 Ancient Wonders of the World
Ancient Wonders of the World were the Original 7 Wonders of the World. The first known list of seven wonders dates back to the 2nd–1st century BC. The seven ancient wonders are
- the Great Pyramid of Giza,
- the Colossus of Rhodes,
- the Lighthouse of Alexandria,
- the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus,
- the Temple of Artemis,
- the Statue of Zeus at Olympia,
- the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
They are original 7 Wonders of the World. The great Pyramid at Giza, constructed around the year 2560 B.C., is the only ancient wonder that remains standing from the original list of seven.
1. The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid and the tomb of Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu. It was built in the early 26th century BC. It is the oldest of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the world, and the only one to remain largely intact.
2. The Colossus of Rhodes
It was a statue of the Greek sun-god Helios. It is erected in the city of Rhodes, on the Greek island in 280 BC. It was constructed to celebrate the successful defence of Rhodes city against an attack by Demetrius Poliorcetes, who had besieged it for a year with a large army and navy.
3. The Lighthouse of Alexandria
It was also referred as the Pharos of Alexandria. It was a lighthouse built by during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (280–247 BC) who was a ruler of Ancient Egypt. It has been estimated to have been at least 100 metres (330 ft) in overall height.
4. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, also know as Tomb of Mausolus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC in Halicarnassus (Turkey). The structure was designed by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythius of Priene.
5. The temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis or the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to an ancient local goddess Artemis (identified with Diana, a Roman goddess). It was located in Ephesus (near the modern town of Selcuk in present-day Turkey).
6. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant seated figure, about 12.4 m (41 ft) tall. It was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BC at the sanctuary of Olympia, Greece. Zeus is considered as the god of sky and thunder in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.
7. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
They were remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines. They used to resemble a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks. It was built in the ancient city of Babylon, Babil province, in Iraq.
Seven Wonders of the World – FAQs
Q. When the new seven wonders of the world were recognised?
Ans. It was recognised in year 2007.
Q. Does India has any of the seven wonders of the world?
Ans. Yes it is Taj Mahal located in Agra, UP, listed among the seven wonders of the world.
Q. What are the seven wonders of the world?
Ans. The seven wonders of the world includes:
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Great Wall of China, Beijing, China.
Chichen Itza, Cancun, Mexico.
Machu Pichu, Peru.
Petra, Jordan – Petra: A rock cut past.
The Colosseum , Rome.
Christ the Redeemer Statue, Brazil.