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ऑप्टिकल फाइबर नाम किसने दिया?
(a) Samuel Cohen / सैमुअल कोहेन
(b) Narinder Kapany / नरिंदर कपनी
(c) Percy L. Spencer/ पर्सी एल स्पेंसर
(d) T.H. Maimah / टी.एच. मैमाह
Sol. In 1952, UK based physicist Narinder Singh Kapany invented the first actual fiber optical cable based on John Tyndall’s experiments three decades earlier. Thirteen years later in 1965 two British research scientists, Charles Kao and George Hockman working with Standard Telephones and Cables discovered that attenuation of fiber optics was caused by impurities in manufacturing.
Q2. National Science Day is celebrated every year on
राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान दिवस प्रत्येक वर्ष कब मनाया जाता है?
(a) February 20 /फ़रवरी
(b) February 25/ फ़रवरी
(c) April 5/अप्रैल
(d) February 28 / फ़रवरी
Sol. National Science Day is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm on 28th of February every year in order to commemorate the invention of the Raman Effect in India by the Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on the same day in the year 1928. For his great success in the field of science in India, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was awarded and honored with the Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.
Q3. India Army’s Operation ‘Saiyam’ was related to:
भारत सेना का ऑपरेशन ‘संयम’ किससे संबंधित था:
(a) Kashmir / कश्मीर
(b) Indo-China Border in the Central Region/ मध्य क्षेत्र में भारत-चीन सीमा
(c) North-East / उत्तर पूर्व
(d) Indo-Pak Border in Punjab and Rajasthan / पंजाब और राजस्थान में भारत-पाक सीमा
Sol. ‘Operation Saiyam’ – a unique Army operation to defuse about 20,000 unexploded bombs weighing about 50 tonnes that had arrived in waste steel scrap at the dry port of Dhandari Kalan (Ludhiana), thereby preventing any possible disaster in the civil areas in and around Ludhiana.
Q4. The adoption of High Yielding Variety Programme in Indian Agriculture started in
भारतीय कृषि में हाई यिएल्डिंग वैरायटी प्रोग्राम किस वर्ष में शुरू हुआ?
Sol. The High Yielding Variety Programme (HYVP) was launched in the Kharif of 1966-67 with an objective to attain self-sufficiency in food by 1970-71. The core philosophy of the programme was to increase the productivity of food grains by adopting latest varieties of inputs of crops. Introduction of new high yielding varieties of improved seeds and enhanced application of the fertilizers and extended use of pesticides were its main features..
Q5. Who is the author of the internationally acclaimed book “The Mystery of Capital”?
अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर प्रशंसित पुस्तक “द मिस्ट्री ऑफ़ कैपिटल” के लेखक कौन हैं?
(a) Julian Rathbone/ जूलियन राथबोन
(b) Divid Aaker/ डेविड एकर
(c) Hernando de Soto/ हर्नांडो डी सोटो
(d) Masaaki Sato/ मासाकी सातो
Sol. Hernando de Soto Polar is a Peruvian economist known for his work on the informal economy and on the importance of business and property rights. He is the president of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD), located in Lima, Peru.
Q6. The first talkie film in India was
भारत में पहली टॉकी फिल्म कौन सी थी?
(a) Raja Harishchandra /राजा हरिश्चंद्र
(b) Alam Ara /आलम आरा
(c) Chandidas/ चंडीदास
(d) Jhansi Ki Rani /झाँसी की रानी
Sol. Ardeshir Irani released Alam Ara which was the first Indian talkie film, on 14 March 1931. Irani later produced the first south Indian talkie film Kalidas directed by H. M. Reddy released on 31 October 1931. Jumai Shasthi was the first Bengali talkie.
Q7. Godwin Austen is a/an
गॉडविन ऑस्टेन एक _______ है
(a) Inventor of Telescope / टेलिस्कोप का आविष्कारक
(b) Geologist / भूविज्ञानी
(c) Glacier/ हिमनद
Sol. The Godwin-Austen Glacier is close to K2 in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Its confluence with the Baltoro Glacier is called Concordia and is one of the most favorite spots for trekking in the area since it provides excellent views of four of the five eight-thousanders in the region.
Q8. What is the name of the famous folk drama of Bhils?
भील के प्रसिद्ध लोक नाटक का नाम क्या है?
(a) Gavari /गावरी
(b) Swang /स्वांग
(c) Tamasha /तमाशा
(d) None of these/इनमें से कोई नहीं
Sol. After the monsoons, in the months of September and October the forty-days-festival “GAVARI” is celebrated by Bhil tribe in Udaipur. The Bhils are the original inhabitants and tribal of Mewar- Vagad area of southern Rajasthan.
Q9. Where is the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade Located?
भारतीय विदेश व्यापार संस्थान कहाँ स्थित है?
(a) New Delhi /नई दिल्ली
(b) Hyderabad/ हैदराबाद
(c) Mumbai /मुंबई
(d) Ahmedabad /अहमदाबाद
Sol. The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) is an autonomous public business school established in 1963 by the Government of India to help professionalize the country’s foreign trade management and increase exports by developing human resources; generating, analysing and disseminating data; and conducting research. IIFT Delhi Centre is located in the Qutab Institutional Area in close vicinity of Jawaharlal Nehru University and the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi, India and is spread over 6 acres of land.
Q10. Which of the following countries is not a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा देश परमाणु आपूर्तिकर्ता समूह (NSG) का सदस्य नहीं है?
(a) France /फ्रांस
(b) Russia /रूस
(d) Iran /ईरान
Sol. The Nuclear Suppliers Group is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seeks to contribute to the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons through the implementation of two sets of Guidelines for nuclear exports and nuclear-related exports. 48 supplier states: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and United States.