RRB JE Polity Quiz: 18th April

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Q1. Which of the following Writ is issued by a High Court or the Supreme Court to compel an authority to perform a function that it was not performing?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा रिट उच्च न्यायालय या सर्वोच्च न्यायालय द्वारा जारी किया जाता है जो किसी कार्य को करने के लिए एक प्राधिकरण को मजबूर करने के लिए कि वह कार्य नहीं कर रहे?
(a) Prohibition / निषेध
(b) Habeas Corpus/ बन्दी प्रत्यक्षीकरण
(c) Mandamus/ परमादेश
(d) Quo Warranto/ अधिकार-पृच्छा

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Ans.(c)
Sol. Mandamus is an order from a court to an inferior government official ordering the government official to properly fulfill their official duties or correct an abuse of discretion.

Q2. Which of these is NOT included as a Fundamental Right in the Indian Constitution ?
इनमें से क्या भारतीय संविधान में मौलिक अधिकार के रूप में शामिल नहीं है?
(a) Right to Freedom of Speech/ बोलने की स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार
(b) Right to Equality before the Law/ कानून के समक्ष समानता का अधिकार
(c) Right to Constitutional Remedies/ संवैधानिक उपचार का अधिकार
(d) Right to humane conditions of work and maternity relief / काम और मातृत्व राहत की मानवीय स्थितियों का अधिकार

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Ans.(d)
Sol. Article 42: Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief. It is the part of Directive Principles of State Policy.

Q3. For enforcement of Fundamental Rights, a court can issue ?
मौलिक अधिकारों के प्रवर्तन के लिए, एक अदालत क्या जारी कर सकती है?
(a) A decree / डिक्री
(b) An Ordinance/ अध्यादेश
(c) A writ / रिट
(d) None of these/इनमें से कोई नहीं

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Ans.(c)
Sol. The supreme court, and High courts have power to issue writs in the nature of habeas corpus , quo warranto , mandamus , certiorari ,prohibition etc., under Arts. 32 and 226 respectively for enforvement of Fundamental Rights.

Q4. Which of the following writ is sought to get an order of an authority quashed ?
निम्नलिखित में से किस रिट की मांग की जाती है कि एक प्राधिकरण का आदेश रद्द किया जाए?
(a) Mandamus / परमादेश
(b) Certiorari/ उत्प्रेषण-लेख
(c) Quo Warranto/ अधिकार-पृच्छा
(d) Habeas Corpus/ बन्दी प्रत्यक्षीकरण

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Ans.(b)
Sol. Certiorari means to be certified. The writ of certiorari can be issued by the Supreme Court or any High Court for quashing the order already passed by an inferior court, tribunal or quasi judicial authority.

Q5. Indian Parliament can rename or redefine the boundary of a State by
भारतीय संसद किस प्रकार किसी राज्य की सीमा का नाम बदल या पुनर्परिभाषित कर सकती है?
(a) absolute majority/ पूर्ण बहुमत
(b) a simple majority/ एक साधारण बहुमत
(c) 2/3rd majority of the members voting/मतदान के सदस्यों के 2/3 बहुमत
(d) 2/3rd majority of the members voting and an absolute majority of its total membership/मतदान के सदस्यों के 2/3 बहुमत और इसके कुल सदस्यता का पूर्ण बहुमत

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Ans.(b)
Sol. Ordinary bills need to be passed with a simple majority in both Houses of the Parliament before it is sent to Indian President for his assent. The simple majority is the most frequently used form of majority in Parliamentary business. This refers to the majority of more than 50% of the members present and voting.

Q6. Which one of the following is not mentioned in the Preamble to the Constitution of India ?
भारत के संविधान की प्रस्तावना में निम्नलिखित में से किसका उल्लेख नहीं है?
(a) Justice/ न्याय
(b) Liberty of expression/ अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता
(c) Adult franchise/ वयस्क मताधिकार
(d) Integrity of Nation/ राष्ट्र की अखंडता

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Ans.(c)
Sol. The preamble is based on the Objectives which was drafted and moved in the Constituent Assembly by Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 December 1946.

Q7. Which one of the following is not enumerated as a fundamental right in the Constitution of India ?
निम्नलिखित में से किसे भारत के संविधान में मौलिक अधिकार के रूप में नहीं माना गया है?
(a) Right to Equality/ समानता का अधिकार
(b) Right to Freedom/ स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार
(c) Right to property / संपत्ति का अधिकार
(d) Right against Exploitation/ शोषण के खिलाफ अधिकार

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Ans.(c)
Sol. The right to property was initially present in Indian constitution under part III : Fundamental right , Article 31 but it was abolished by 44 th Amendment Act ,1978. Now it is made a constitutional right under Article 300A which states that no person can be deprived of his / her property except by authority of law.

Q8. To which of the following Bills the President must accord his sanction without sending it back for fresh consideration ?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन से विधेयकों में से राष्ट्रपति को नए सिरे से विचार के लिए भेजे बिना अपनी मंजूरी देनी चाहिए?
(a) Ordinary Bills/ साधारण बिल
(b) Money Bills/ धन विधेयक
(c) Bills passed by both Houses of the Parliament/ संसद के दोनों सदनों द्वारा पारित विधेयक
(d) None of these/इनमें से कोई नहीं

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Ans.(b)
Sol. The definition of “Money Bill” is given in Article 110 of The Constitution of India. A financial bill is not a Money Bill unless it fulfills the requirements of Article 110.

Q9. The Fundamental Duties enshrined in?
मौलिक कर्तव्यों किस भाग में निहित है?
(a) Part V/ भाग V
(b) Part IV/ भाग IV
(c) Part IVA/ भाग IVA
(d) Part III/ भाग III

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Ans.(c)
Sol. The Fundamental Duties enshrined in Part IVA of the Indian Constitution (Article 51A) were inserted by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976.
 

Q10. The right to vote in elections to a Parliament is a
संसद के चुनावों में मतदान का अधिकार किस के तहत आता है?
(a) Fundamental Right/ मौलिक अधिकार
(b) Natural Right/ प्राकृतिक अधिकार
(c) Legal Right/ कानूनी अधिकार
(d) None of these/इनमें से कोई नहीं

Show Answer
Ans.(c)
Sol. Right to vote is a legal right in India, conferred by a statute. So is the right to contest elections.A legal right is created by an ordinary law and can be taken away by changing the law.