Important TRICKS: Jumbled Paragraph(Solved Examples)

Q1.
P). That truth is the first casualty in a war is an old story.
1). The media age, however, has given it a new twist.
2). News management techniques can now make half-lies more plausible.
3). And the television camera age can make them more entertaining.
4). The US-led war on terrorism, even as it has created new dilemmas for allies used to nurturing militant outfits for waging proxy wars, also produced new opportunities for cover-ups, double-speak and double-cross.
Q). The suave public persona the war coalition leader presents can be quite different in this situation from the stern face he shows in private.
A. 2413
B. 3214
C. 2314
D. 1234

Explanations
Option(D) is correct
‘It’ in 1 refers to truth being a casualty as expressed in sentence P. Hence, 1 follows sentence P.


Q2.
Since independence, every political party has played communal card whenever election time draws near.
2). In fact, the caste and communal cards have been fine-tuned to an art form in the political games that are played in this country.
3). This was seen when the Youth Congress(I) goons were given a free hand to terrorise Sikhs all over the country after Indira Gandhi’s assassination.
4). When each party carefully selects political candidates on the basis of religion or caste, it is encouraging and continuing the divide-and-rule tactics of its colonial masters.
5). And no political party can absolve itself on this count; worse, political parties take on board hoodlums and gangsters who use their clout in political circles to settle scores and extract money.
A. 32514
B. 13254
C. 14253
D. 14235

Explanations:
Option(C) is correct
2 cannot start the paragraph as it begins with ‘in fact’. 3 cannot begin the para since it starts with a pronoun ‘this’. Hence 1 begins the paragraph. 4 follows 1- 1 talks of ‘communal card’ and 4 refers to ‘religion or caste’. 35 is illogical as 3 cities an example to what is stated in 5 and so cannot follow 5.


Q3.
1). Risk stemming from fluctuations in exchange rate loans hover constantly on the horizon of foreign investment.
2). In view of the higher risk, a firm contemplating foreign investment would naturally expect a higher rate of return.
3). A multinational company may be accused of ‘profiteering’ even when it may simply be following the sound financial practice of asking for a higher rate of return commensurate with risks characterizing the project.
4). In addition, a foreign investment is subject to discriminatory treatment and selection control in various forms.
A. 1423
B. 3421
C. 1324
D. 2134

Explanations
Option(A) is correct
1 introduces the topic risk of foreign investment and 4 continues to explain further risks, 3 must follow 2 as it illustrates the statement 3.
Approach – 
Mandatory links -Pronoun usage -Abbreviation use -Connectors -Chronological order -General specific rule. -Starting and closing sentence etc


Q4.

A. And at certain times under certain circumstances some players may require handicaps. 
B. But to make the practice: live up to the theory, this game needs rules.
C. It is critical, however, that all handicaps be known and that the playing field; be level. 
D. That cross- border trade is the win – win game par excellence is confirmed by nearly every major economic theory. 
1. DBAC 
2. CABD 
3. BCAD 
4. ABDC

Hint: A and C are linked with the keyword ‘ handicaps’ and that B and D are linked with game. 
Now note a big hint in B ‘ this game ….’ To use the word ‘this ‘ the author must tell us which game first, which is given in D. By this logic, D-B is a pair. There is only one choice with this link.


Q5.

1). Thrills, ranging from video games to burgers cover the rest.
2). This is because the returns from browsing cover only a percentage of your costs.
3). The bigger your cafe, the more is the need for additional mean of income.
4). Some cafes can get away with being plain vanilla.
5). These fruits will make your clients spend more time with you and also add to your profits.
6). But others cannot.

A. 463215
B. 423156
C. 321564
D. 346215

Explanation
Solution: Option(A) is correct
4 is most appropriate begins the topic of cyber cafe. ‘But’ in 6 links it to 4.

Q6.
P). The one major cause for the current weakened state of Indian banks is the level and volume of non-performing assets.
1). Yet, the fact remains that the banks allowed themselves to be pressurized into lowering their guard in the one area of business that is and should be their bread and butter of existence- risk assessment.
2). Description such as ‘deceased portfolio’ and figures running into thousands of crores have all led to treating the problem as a major one-time aberration requiring emergency treatment.
3). The causal explanations – political interference, willful defaults, targeted lending and even fraudulent behaviors by banks – have some grain of truth in them.
4). The problem has not been looked at in its properly perspective.
Q). The response from the banks is to concentrate on somehow reducing the amount and number of accounts in this category.
A. 4312
B. 4231
C. 2431 
D. 1432

Solution: 
Option(B) is correct
‘The problem’ in 4 is directly connected to P. ‘Description such as …. have led to treating the problem’, connects 2 to 4.
‘The casual explanation’ of 3 continues on 2. ‘yet’ of 1 sums up the author’s comments leading to Q.


Q7.
1). Merchants soon grew rich as the demand for products increased. 
2). Trade started from person to person but grew to involve different towns in different lands. 
3). Eventually, people got a greater variety of things to choose from. 
4). People found work in transporting the goods or selling them.
A. 2413
B. 2143
C. 4123
D. 4213

Explanation
Solution: Option(A) is correct
Before, trade started to grow internationally; it must have started in its basic form as selling of goods from one person to another. Hence 2 would come before 4.
Obviously when trade grew to involve different lands then merchants would grow rich and also people will get a variety of choices. Therefore, 2413.

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